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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
culture is the accumulated wisdom of the ages
Conservatism
emphasis on intuition, feeling, and spontaneity
Naturalism (Humanism)
The school is a microcosm of the larger society. The school is not preparation for life. It IS life.
Progressivism (Humanism)
Parker, Dewey
the family, state, church and school are the cultural products that have served humankind well. They must be preserved.
Conservatism
Math and science are the subject matter of nature and the natural order
Realism (Conservatism)
Aristotle
democratic societies require citizens to have a common core of knowledge
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
Child should experience few inhibiting constraints
Naturalism (Humanism) Rousseau
Classroom activity should focus on problem solving rather than on artificial methods of teaching subject matter
Progressivism (Humanism)
Parker, Dewey
change should be approached cautiously and occur gradually
Conservatism
Humans are created in the image of God and are capable of understanding
Thomism (Conservatism)
Thomas Aquinas
learning is hard and requires discipline
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
Values are determined by experience. What works for you, and doesn't hurt others, is good
Naturalism (Humanism)
Rousseau
the social atmosphere of the school should be democratic
Progressivism (Humanism)
Parker, Dewey
values and ethics should not be determined by majority rule
Conservatism
There is no contradiction between revelation and reason
Thomism (Conservatism)
Thomas Aquinas
man is a rational animal
Perennialism (Conservatism)
Hutchins, Adler
emphasis on cooperative learning, the project method, and thematic education
Progressivism (Humanism)
Parker, Dewey
there are certain universal values. Man can determine what is true, good, and beautiful
Idealism (Conservatism)
Socrates, Plato
God is omnipotent, perfect, personal and the Prime Mover of the universe
Thomism (Conservatism)
Thomas Aquinas
human nature is universally consistent. Education should be the same for everyone
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
no universal truths or values
Pragmatism (Humanism)
Dewey
"school is an agent of change"
Reconstruction (Humanism)
Counts
Goal of education is to produce morally excellent people who behave in a rational manner
Idealism (Conservatism)
Socrates, Plato
Knowledge of right and wrong is not enough to create moral humans. Learner must be habituated ot a climate of morality
Thomism (Conservatism)
Thomas Aquinas
knowledge is universally consistent. There are certain basic subject matters that should be taught to all people
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
World society is in a state of crisis, and civilization as we know it will cease unless current societal practices are reversed
Reconstruction (Humanism)
Counts
Teachers serve as moral and rational models
Idealism (Conservatism)
Socrates, Plato
Schools is a "faith community"
Thomism (Conservatism)
Thomas Aquinas
subject matter and not the child should stand at the center of the educational endeavor
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
Custom and tradition should not be primary determinant of what is done today
Pragmatism (Humanism)
Dewey
the only effective solution to world problems is the creationo f a planetary social order
Reconstruction (Humanism)
Counts
All ideas are present at birth but repressed. The reality we perceive through our senses is apparent reality. True reality is perceived by the mind and is the result of education
Idealism (Conservatism)
Socrates, Plato
The school's first task is to teach basic knowledge. Emphasis should be on what is truly important in life.
Essentialism (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
the great works of the past are a repository of knowledge and wisdom which has stood the test of time and is relevant in our day
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
Most important determinant of what is true and important is the scientific method. Truth is what works.
Pragmatism (Humanism)
Dewey
formal education can become a major agent in the reconstruction of the social order. Global awareness is an important aspect of education.
Reconstruction (Humanism)
Counts
a relationship exists between the Universal Mind (Macrocosm) or First Cuase, and human beings (microcosm)
Idealism (Conservatism)
Socrates, Plato
School is the societal anchor. School values and social environment must remain stable even though the society is crumbling
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
the educaitonal experience is a preparation for life, rather than a real-life situation
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
roots go back to Ancient Greeks, especially Protagoras
humanism
one should pick and choose one's values and select those which contribute to person growth.
Pragmatism (Humanism)
Dewey
if formal education is to be a part of the social solution to world problems, it must actively teach for social change
Reconstruction (Humanism)
Counts
There is a natural order to the universe. To understand the natural order one must master facts
Realism (Conservatism)
Aristotle
schools have an obligation to promote morality
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
the desire to create learning environments in which the children would be free from intense competition, harsh discipline, and fear of failure
Humanism
The center of the educaitonal process is the child, not the subject matter
Progressivism (Humanism)
Parker, Dewey
began with the writings of Edmund Burke
Conservatism
Morality is based on the natural order
Realism (Conservatism)
Aristotle
human culture has core of knowledge which must be transmitted to the next generation if that culture is to survive
Essentialsim (Conservatism)
Bagley, Bestor
people are born good; corrupting influence of society makes people evil
Naturalism (Humanism)
The role of the teacher is that of advisor, guide, and fellow traveler rather than an authority figure.
Progressivism (Humanism)
Parker, Dewey
People are not born basically good. Their natural instincts must be restrained through an acculturation process so that they can become good.
Conservatism
Truth is that which is observable through the sensations
Realism (Conservatism)
Aristotle