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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
high coppice/low coppice
HIGH-cut tree at top because it is too tall
LOW-cut tree at base
forestry (definition)
=the art, science, business and public policy associated with the sustained production of social goods and services from forested lands
=active region of the bole
(the last annual ring which is always growing)
why is forestry important?
-to sustain human life
-for what we value (use/need)
(special term for high coppice)
-too high to feed lower species, system used to grow firewood
Annual Allowable Cut
=the amount of wood allowed to take without reducing previous years volume
annual rings
-indicate year of tree, but thicker trees don't mean older, b/c rings could be further apart
Ownership of forest resource
=is mostly owned by the province it is in
lodgepole pine
-fire-dependent species
-will produce cone 10-15yrs
-shade intolernat
forest types
1. mostly softwood, which have needles for leaves
2. mixedwood (hardwood + softwood)
3. hardwood (broad-leaf tree)
=spaces between branches that show "year" of the tree
forest land
=is half of land area in Canada
types of tree fruits
-double samara (maple)
-single samara (ash)
-nut (oak)
what do roots do?
anchor the tree
absorb water and nutrients
store nutrients
trees + energy
trees are stored energy
component parts of the definition of forestry
-ART is the unexplainable part of forestry
-SCIENCE is the process of forestry
-PUBLIC POLICY is the change of forestry
where did forestry originate?
what is a tree?
-a woody perennial plant that has a single stem, a well-defined crown, is large, and long lived
parts of the tree
a. the bole (trunk)
b. roots
c. leaves
d. fruits
e. buds
=group of branches that grow laterally every year
what is a forest?
=piece of land that is naturally developed and is dominated by trees
business part of forestry
-add wealth to a country
-trees are renewable
-trees are valuable
cambium is made of 2 enzymes
a. xylem- wood (inside of cambium)
b. phloem- bark (outside of cambium)
what do dark annual rings mean?
-autumn part of year
-b/c cells in tree don't fill with water
-b/c of drought in the season
what are trees used for?
-building materials
coppice system
-cutting of the trees for regeneration