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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Sir Thomas More

Characters: Thomas More—not the exact same as himself

Peter Giles—Friend of More, Utopia had originated in their friendship, sincere pragmatist, prepared to compromise with the system and seek to change it from within rather than give up on any possibility of action.

Raphael Hythloday—traveler, aloof idealist, unwilling to dirty his hands in a pointless cause.
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-Anne Boleyn?

-Noli me tangere quia Caesaris sum (use of Latin makes it more timeless?)

-Deceitfulness and danger in her attraction

-Different from Petrarch’s Rima 190?
“Whoso list to hunt”
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-Full of paradoxes and irony “I love another, and thus I hate myself”

-No consistent imagery, no elongated conceit

-Similies and metaphors to describe love.

-opens up an inward space where conflict is the norm. Self.

-“I, I, I” about lover, not the beloved

-almost like a riddle, “That looseth nor locket holdeth me in prison, And holdeth me not, yet can I ‘scape nowise”

-Death, war, freezing, brutality, burn, metaphors drawn from warefare, living dying.

-To die: consummation of love, your life gets shorter! Sexual love. (Elizabethan idea)
“I find no peace”
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-“Thy baited hooks shall tangle me no more;”

-Same thing Benedick says about women in the beginning of Much Ado.

-Senec and Plato say to cultivate the mind if you want well-being (wealth)

-Go bother younger hearts

-“Me lusteth no longer rotten boughs to climb”
“Farewell, Love”
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-Others strike out and “they call them false” and “think with words to win the hearts of them which otherwhere doth grow”

-But I, instead of making a scene and calling her false who was false, I’ll just say “isn’t that so like a woman to always change her mind” It’s her nature.

-More of an insult than bitterness. Defense mechanism. Mocking.
“Divers doth use”
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-What use is truth?

-Vail/veil: exposing and disguising at the same time (veil)

-Is this about success in winning women’s hearts?

-Embodiment of state of confusion that the poem induces. Embodies experience.

-You do better if you are a clever deceiver.
“What vaileth truth?”
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-“without many words” pull mask away and be blunt

-This goes against the suit for pity or it starts like it, but doesn’t resolve like it: “I’m dying for the love of you” and it ends up being like a shallow pick up line. . .

-Similar in “burning lover”
“Madam, withouten many words”
Sir Thomas Wyatt

-written during his imprisonment when he witnessed Anne Boleyn executed.

-Writes in latin: “circa regna tonat” which means “He thunders around thrones”

-poem directed to anyone wanting to keep money and peace of mind

-be a nobody, the way is great, the way out stinks (gate, where the return stands by disdain)

-Biographical stuff in it makes it true
“Who list his wealth and ease retain”
Henry Howard

-Sweet season=spring

-Starts like Canterbury tales

-Everything is lively and green and the animals are pairing up and being renewed and refreshed.

-Word “springs” repeated twice
“The soote season”
Henry Howard

-Full stop before explaining how the paradoxes are possible.

-Poem gets quieter and quieter until “So am not I”

-Not all things!
“Alas! So all things now do hold their peace”
Henry Howard

-Filthy lust, stained, vanquished, “scarce the name of manhood did retain/Drenched in sloth and womanish delight”, feeble, unpatient of pain, etc.

-Sissy boy because of style of living

-One of the ways of defining gender delight is womanish. Physical comfort is womanish, war is good though.

-Three full stops: three stanzas.
“Th’Assyrians’ king, in peace with foul desire”
Henry Howard

-how could there happen to be

-Writes of pastimes and friendship with Henry Fitzroy who died at age seventeen.

-Sooo. . . how could there be a crueler prison than this place where I passed all my wonderful childhood growing up playing sports, waring, sitting in the woods telling secrets, hunting, sleeping, eating, going to parties with best friend.
“So cruel prison how could betide”
Henry Howard

-Love poem in the voice of a woman missing her husband

-Beautiful poem about a sailor’s wife

-Interesting dimension to see it could be from him
“O happy dames, that may embrace”
Henry Howard

-None of these courtiers live this life at all

-What’s with the singsong predictability of it? Is that intentional?

-Celebration is a response to urbanization and its discontents (pastoral)
“Martial, the things for to attain”

-Strong rhetoric. Harsh language, strong, passionate. Strong in the face of choosing sides.

-literal language vs. non literal language: demystify it. Deep allegorical. Symbolic meanings are too hard for the public? There are BOTH in the Bible. If you have to spiritualize scripture, you have to use the Bible to interpret it.

-The Forgiveness of Sins
From The Obedience of a Christian Man
Thomas More

-Who decides the meaning of Scripture? The church because everything requires explanation. “gloss” Commentary. Some stable ground for establishing authority is necessary. Why not the church, whose authority is established by the many centuries of its continued existence.”

-Protestant: external, simplicity, internal, complexity

-Catholic: external, complexity, internal, simplicity
From A Dialogue Concerning Heresies
John Calvin


-Only God can condemn a man to hell

-God’s capacity does not mean he does (?)
The Institution of Christian Religion
Anne Askew

-Magical utterances: transubstantiation. The mouse question. Eucharist.

-She expertly delivers blow after blow showing that she knows Scripture better and she knows how to apply it even better. Insulting, brave.

-Woman preaching is different than woman speaking the word of God.

-How can you judge a book that you have not read?
From The First Examination of Anne Askew
John Foxe

-Anne Askew’s death

-She was given the right to repent, but she did not.
From Acts and Monuments
Edmund Spenser

2 Works of Edmund Spenser
The Shepheards Calender
The Faerie Queene
Edmund Spenser

-Humble, but not. . .

-Tell me what they thought of you and I’ll send more after you.

-Embodies some fear of how it will be taken

-Spenser has bigger fish to fry, larger aims coming
To His Booke
Edmund Spenser

-Pierce: friend

-Cuddie: poet

-Argument: defense of the larger art of poetry

-You don’t get paid but you get the glory! Perk up!

-Start writing to nobility, not shepherds and lay people (Spenser does in Faerie Q.)
Edmund Spenser

-Sonnet sequences

-Most about love, relationships,

-trace ups and downs of romantic or erotic relationships

-Range of emotions experienced

-Petrarch, yoked contraries.
Edmund Spenser


-Divisions: margins, words, full stops

-A book.

-Paradox: telling others about his love but writing it to her to gain her love

-Rhyme scheme helps couplet stand out in the end

-“happy” means fortunate
Happy ye leaves when as those lilly hands
Edmund Spenser

-Love is the spectator

-I’m putting on a show, but it doesn’t move her

-“life is like a theater” comes up a lot during the ren.

-Poetry as self display and self concealment

-sonnet records a process (play)

-The images logically unfold
Of this worlds Theatre in which we stay
Edmund Spenser

-Song of Solomon images of her body parts as flowers

-Thesis: her smell is like flowers and even better (unusual to focus on smell instead of visual)

-Readers delight in specificity
Coming to kisse her lyps (such grace I found)
Edmund Spenser

-Similie: Lyke does not resolve in the so.


-Never enters reality, but we know it’s about a guy chasing a girl
Lyke as a huntsman after weary chace
Edmund Spenser

-He tries to write her name in the sand to immortalize her, and she was like you can’t do that.

-My verse your vertues rare shall eternize

-Our love shall live, and later life renew
One day I wrote her name upon the strand
Sir Walter Ralegh

-Our lives are plays, our skin is our costume, God is our judge/spectator, a play of passion is our life. Extended metaphor.

-But DEATH is for real
What is our life?
Sir Walter Ralegh

-“Give the world the lie” accuse of lying

-court, church


-men of high condition

-big spenders

-zeal, love is lust, time is motion, flesh is dust

-age, honor, beauty, favor

-wit, wisdom,
The Lie
Sir Walter Ralegh

-pattern “A mortal foe” “An envious boy” a bastard vile, etc etc

-list of negatives


-“love is the root whence all these fancies grew”
“Farewell, false love”
Sir Walter Ralegh

-Laura was the lady that Petrarch worshipped

-Laura had this nice little place in history until Elizabeth came along

-Do it big in flattery

-Homer’s outdone,
“Methought I saw the grave where Laura lay”
Sir Walter Ralegh

-“Oh, cruel Time! Which takes in trust

Our youth, our joys and all we have

And pays us but with age and dust;

Who in the dark and silent grave

When we have wandered all our ways

Shuts up the story of our days.”
“Nature, that washed her hands in milk”
Sir Philip Sidney

-In nature apt to like when I did see Beauties
-Reason, in faith though art well served
-Queen Virtue’s court, which some call Stella’s face
-When Nature made her chief work, Stella’s Eyes
-Some lovers speak
-It is most true that eyes are formed to serve
-Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show
-Not at first sight, nor with a dribbed shot
Astrophil and Stella
Sir Philip Sidney
-kinda like go little book
-I looked to others' poetry to help me exrpess myself.
-Words came halting, limping
-"Fool, look in thy heart and write"
-Ren. description of writers' block
"Loving in truth"
Sir Philip Sidney
-I saw and liked, I liked but loved not, I loved but straight did not what love decreed, at length to love's decrees, I, forced, agreed.
-Muscovite: happy slave
"Not at first sight"
Sir Philip Sidney
-it wasn't reasonable to love
-anyone who breaks the rules of reason will be miserable
"It is most true that eyes are formed to serve"
Sir Philip Sidney
-Relationship to the literary tradition: at least I'm original!
-makes fun of styles "sweet" overuse.
-I can speak what I feel, and feel as much as they, but think that all the map of my state I display, When trembling voice brings forth,"
Some lovers speak
Sir Philip Sidney
-why are her eyes black?
-To show how powerful nature is?
-to mourn all that would die of love for her?
"When Nature made her chief work, Stella's Eyes"
Sir Philip Sidney
-architect terms
-conceit: consistent and elaborate
-stone that is a magnet
"Queen Virtue's court"
Sir Philip Sidney
--even reason is forced to concede that I must stella love.
-reason and heart
-fight eachother, "till downright blows did foil" reason
-reason gives in
"Reason, in faith though art well served"
Sir Philip Sidney
-I thought girls were okay, I thought i was in love, but made fun of people who were in pain.
-but then stella came along, need more be said?
-knows poison like someone who has drunk it
"In nature apt to like when I did see Beauties"