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32 Cards in this Set

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How would you interpret the body mass index for a woman who is 1.63 meters tall and weighs 72 kilograms?
A. The value does not exceed the value for which health risks begin.
B. Her health risks due to obesity would be high.
C. This indicates significant android obesity and high health risk.
D. She slightly exceeds the value for which health risks begin.
D. She slightly exceeds the value for which health risks begin.
Mary Sue wishes to lose 5 pounds before her vacation in approximately 5 weeks. Her average consumption is 2,100 kcalories. How many kcalories should she consume daily to lose this weight, assuming her activity pattern remains unchanged?
A. 1,800 to 1,900
B. 1,600 to 1,700
C. 1,400 to 1,500
D. 1,100 to 1,200
B. 1600 to 1700
All of the following statements about many popular diets are true except
A. they promote quick weight loss that ends up being primarily water and lean muscle mass.
B. they help people make permanent changes in eating habits.
C. they often recommend expensive supplements.
D. they use testimonials from famous people.
B. they help people make permanent changes in eating habits.
Margaret's parents are both obese. She has dieted six times, each time losing a considerable amount of weight and subsequently regaining it. Margaret has an aversion to exercise. Which of the following is true about Margaret's situation?
A. Her frequent weight loss attempts have most likely led to greater amounts of lean body mass.
B. Her problem is genetic and there is no reason for her to attempt to lose weight.
C. When she ends the diet she regains additional body fat.
D. Her problem results from poor habits, with studies showing genetics as an insignificant contributor.
C. When she ends the diet she regains additional body fat.
Which of the following is true about use of diet pills for weight reduction?
A. Diet pills do not lead to long-term changes in weight and tend to have side effects.
B. Amphetamines are not addictive.
C. Oral cholecystokinin is absorbed and suppresses hunger.
D. Diuretics lead to significant fat loss.
A. Diet pills do not lead to long-term changes in weight and tend to have side effects
Thermogensis refers to all of the following except
A. the ability to regulate body temperature within narrow limits.
B. shivering when cold and fidgeting are examples of thermogenesis.
C. brown adipose tissue contributes to thermogenesis especially in hibernating animals.
D. the energy you require during sleep at night.
D. the energy you require during sleep at night.
The method for determining energy expenditure that involves the measurement of heat given off by the body during a select period of time in an insulated chamber is
A. direct calorimetry.
B. indirect calorimetry.
C. thermocalorimetry.
D. bomb calorimetry.
A. direct calorimetry
Bill consumes 2,500 kcalories per day. What would be his energy expenditure, in kcalories, from the thermic effect of food?
A. 125 to 250
B. 250 to 375
C. 300 to 550
D. 425 to 600
A. 125 to 250
The kcalorie cost of the thermic effect of food is ___ of energy consumed.
A. 1% to 2%
B. 5% to 10%
C. 15% to 20%
D. 20% to 25%
B. 5 to 10%
Basal metabolism is the energy expended
A. when sleeping.
B. when doing moderate activity.
C. when resting, but awake, and in a fasting state.
D. to make food available to the body.
C. when resting, but awake, and in a fasting state
Men with body fat levels greater than _____ run health risks.
Student Response Feedback
A. 20%
B. 24%
C. 30%
D. 35%
B. 24%
Xenical is a weight loss drug that works in the digestive system
A. to substitute xylose for glucose.
B. to block digestion of about one-third of the fat in the food we eat.
C. to produce a full feeling that decreases hunger.
D. as an artificial fat.
B. to block digestion of about one-third of the fat in the food we eat.
How would you interpret the body mass index for a woman who is 1.63 meters tall and weighs 72 kilograms?
A. The value does not exceed the value for which health risks begin.
B. Her health risks due to obesity would be high.
C. This indicates significant android obesity and high health risk.
D. She slightly exceeds the value for which health risks begin.
D. she slightly exceeds the value for which health risks begin.
Which of the following is not true about android obesity?
A. It is upper body obesity.
B. High testosterone levels encourage it.
C. A low waist-to-hip ratio is indicative of it.
D. It is related to heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus.
C. a low waste-to hip ratio is indicative of it.
Changing one's frame of mind related to weight control and nutrition is called
A. stimulus control.
B. self-monitoring.
C. chain-breaking.
D. cognitive restructuring.
D. Cognitive restructuring
Which of the following is not a way to estimate body fat?
A. Body mass index
B. Bioelectrical impedance
C. Skinfolds
D. Underwater weighing
A. Body mass index
As one finds his or her weight loss slowing during a weight control program, the best practice is to
A. restrict more food choices.
B. reduce food intake to 1,000 kcalories.
C. go off the weight control program and take a break.
D. increase physical activity.
D. increase physical activity
An example of cognitive restructuring for weight control is


A. planning what to eat for breakfast.
B. decreeing candy bars off limits.
C. replacing eating reactions to stress with helpful relaxing alternatives.
D. keeping a food intake diary to identify triggers for eating.
C. replacing eating reactions to stress with helpful relaxing alternatives
The MyPyramid calorie guideline for a 19- to 30-year-old active woman is
A. 1600.
B. 2000.
C. 2400.
D. 2800.
C. 2400
Which of the following is not a major goal for weight control programs?
A. 5 pound weight loss per week
B. Loss of stored fat
C. Sparing lean body mass
D. Reaching a healthy weight
A. 5 pound weight loss per week
Which of the following testing methods is considered the most accurate way of measuring percent body fat?
A. Underwater weighing
B. Skinfolds
C. Infrared light
D. Bioelectrical impedance
A. Underwater weighing
Joe is getting his energy expenditure measured by direct calorimetry. The 1 liter of water surrounding the chamber has an initial reading of 15 degrees Celsius. The final reading is 2,015 degrees Celsius. How many kcalories did he expend?
Student Response Feedback
A. 1,000
B. 1,500
C. 2,000
D. 2,500
C. 2000
Two self-help groups that would be helpful with weight control efforts include
A. Jenny Craig and Slim Fast.
B. Nutri-System and Jenny Craig.
C. Weight Watchers and Take Off Pounds Sensibly.
D. Weight Watchers and Nutri-System.
C. Weight Watchers and Take Off Pounds Sensibly
The best way to treat an underweight person is to advise him or her to

A. eat high-fat foods such as cream, cheeses, ice cream, and ground beef.
B. stop exercising.
C. eat kcalorie-dense foods higher in vegetable fat like nuts and seeds.
D. eat high kcalorie foods at the beginning of a meal.
C. Eat kcalorie-dense foods higher in vegetable fat like nuts and seeds
Orlistat (Xenical) is a medication approved by the FDA for weight loss that reduces fat

A. storage by inhibiting lipase activity in fat cells.
B. digestion by inhibiting lipase enzyme action in the small intestine.
C. absorption by decreasing bile secretion.
D. circulation by inhibiting lipoprotein production.
B. Digestion by inhibiting lipase enzyme action in the small intestine.
Mary Sue wishes to lose 5 pounds before her vacation in approximately 5 weeks. Her average consumption is 2,100 kcalories. How many kcalories should she consume daily to lose this weight, assuming her activity pattern remains unchanged?
Student Response Feedback
A. 1,800 to 1,900
B. 1,600 to 1,700
C. 1,400 to 1,500
D. 1,100 to 1,200
B. 1600-1700
Which of the following is true about fat?
A. It has a high thermic effect.
B. It is less kcalorie-dense than carbohydrates or proteins.
C. It promotes fat gain more significantly than carbohydrates or proteins.
D. It is better to eliminate carbohydrates rather than fat when cutting kcalories.
C. It promotes fat gain more significantly than carbohydrates or proteins.
Which of the following is an important aspect of behavior modification used for weight control?
A. Severely restricting intake after overeating
B. Avoiding planned eating so you can be ready to handle spontaneous changes in the situation
C. Recording eating behavior to identify situations that contribute to overeating
D. Weighing at the same time each day
C. Recording eating behavior to identify situations that contribute to overeating.
Currently, the most common and effective surgical procedure for morbid obesity is
A. intestinal bypass.
B. gastric bypass.
C. gastric balloons.
D. gastrectomy.
B. Gastric Bypass
The best formal weight loss program for the average dieter is
A. Weight Watchers.
B. Jenny Craig.
C. Nutri-System.
D. Diet Center.
A. Weight Watchers
Martha is maintaining her current weight by eating 2,500 kcalories per day. To lose 1 pound of fat per week, she would have to decrease her intake to how many kcalories per day?
a. 2,200 - 2,300
b. 1900 - 2000
c. 1500-1600
d. 1000-1200
B. 1900 - 2000
Body weight in kilograms divided by height squared in meters yields
A. the obesity index
B. the Body Mass Index
C. Relative Weight
D. Percent Body Fat
B. The body mass index