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55 Cards in this Set

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Sustainable Development
A collection on methods to create and sustain developments.
UNDP
The United Nations Development Programme
IMF
International Monetary Fund
World Bank
A group responsible for providing finance and advice to countries.
G8
Group of Eight; International forum of eight empowered governments.
Poverty
Living on less than $2 a day
Extreme Poverty
Living on less than $1 a day
NGO
Non-Governmental Organization
WFP
World Food Programme
FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Food Security
A situation in which people do not live in hunger or fear of starvation.
8 MDG Groups
Eliminate extreme poverty and hunger, Achieve universal primary education, Promote gender equality, Reduce child mortality, Imporve maternal health, Combat HIV/AIDS and malaria, Ensure environmental sustainability, Develop a global partnership for development.
Which microbes appeared first on earth?
Cyanobacteria
Name 3 groups of protists
Algae, Protozoa, and Slime molds
What percent of your body weight is bacteria?
10%
Explain why microbes usually do not live in your lungs
Cilia beat upward to push the mucus that traps microbes into the nose, where it is expelled, or into the throat where it is swallowed.
Give 4 facts about the first antibiotic discovered
Called lysozyme, was found in tears, discovered by Alexander Fleming, Fleming also discovered penicillin.
Who do you think is our greatest challenge for food? (rod, spherical, and spiral shapes)
Bacteria
Medicines that kill bacteria
Antibiotics
Man whose work with bacteria during WWI led to the founding of Israel
Weizmann
Heat-loving microbes
Thermophiles
Organic waste
Compost
Official name of "extremophiles"
archaea
Plant used in making linen
Flax
Dead or weakened from of disease-causing microbe
Vaccine
Smallest and simplest form of microbe
Virus
Type of fungus
mold
Process by whcih microbes turn certain substances into food for humans
fermentation
Heaviest
Protists
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's name for microbes
Animalcules
Pasteurization
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preserved
1.Machine with boiling water
2.Heat kills bacteria
3.Milk,Cider,Butter
Carbonation
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preserved
1.Co2, a glass or can, and water
2.Forcing Co2 into a bottle of liquid
3.Soft drinks,Beer,Champagne
Pickling
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preservedkling
1.Stone/glass jar and vinegar
2.Acid stops bacterial growth
3.Cucumbers,Olives,Onions
MAP
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preserved
1.Co2, oxygen, and wrapping material
2.Increases shelf life
3.Poultry,Meat,Veggies
Trilaminate Pouch
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preserved
1.Pouch, vaccumed air, and heat
2.Increases shelf life
3.Crackers,Seafood,Tuna
Drying & Dehydration
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preserved
1.Hot climate/Electric oven
2.Takes out moisture bacteria live in
3.Raisins,Jerky,Beans
Food Additives
1.What's involved 2.How it helps 3.Foods preserved
1.Salts,Sugars, or other additives
2.Reduces serious nutritional loss
3.Ice cream,Wine,Cheese
Required Conditions for Bacterial Growth (4)
High Temp, Nutrients, pH above 4.6, and Moisture
4 Cs of Food Safety
Cooking, Chilling, Cleaning, Combating Cross-Contamination (separating foods)
Louis Pasteur
-studied crystals
-discovered crystal molecules are chiral
-studied fermentation
-certain bacteria change wine to vinegar
-heating wine killed bacteria
-named process pasteurization
-thought cleaning surgery would help patients survive
how does the zeer pot benefit producers and consumers?
P-can conserve products while walking
C-receive food in better condition
Two health benefits from zeer pots
keeps food preserved
keeps out flies which bare diseases
How are bacterial cells different from the cells of other types of organisms?
Bacteria's genetic material is not located in the nucleus
Name the two kingdoms of bacteria and explain why scientists classify them seperatly
archae-closely resemble Earth's first life forms
Eubacteria-evolved out of archaebacteria
List four ways that bacteria are helpful to people
Invovled in food productions, fuel production, environmental clean up and production of medicines
Cytoplasm
the region inside the cell membrane
Endospore
A small,thick-walled resting cell that forms inside bacteria cells
Binary Fission
Where one bacterium divides to from two identical bacteria cells
Decomposer
Organism that breaks down the large chemicals in dead organisms into small chemicals
Sexual reproduction
Where two parents combine their genetic material to produce a new organism that differs from both
Flagellum
Whiplike structure that helps a cell move
asexual reproduction
where one parent reproduces offspring identical to that parent
conjugation
where one bacterium transfers genetic material into another bacteria cell
respiration
the process of breaking down food to release energy
ribosome
the cell's chemical factories where proteins are produced