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23 Cards in this Set

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folk
19th century word meaning "peasents"
lore
a kind of knowledge expressed through artistic forms or practices
folklore
artistic communication in small groups
forms of folklore
Verbal (stories/tales/jokes),
Customary (ceremonies/rights of passage),
Material ( food/art)
properties of folklore
Traditional yet emergent,
Collective yet individualized
Face-to-face yet commodified
American superculture/
monoculture
Done on a national scale with exposure through:
media
market
government
educational system language
subculture
further breakdown of the American superculture
cultural pluralism
coexistence of diversity in a different place (strongly related to creolism)
creolism
people in a diverse cultural setting interacting with each other (strongly related to cultural pluralism)
notion of genre
Etic terms=scholar terms
Emic terms=folk terms
folk speech vs. Standard American English (SAE)
Code switching (sliding into different kinds of speech depending on group your in)
Bilingualism/creolsism (spangles/finglish)
Jargon
conversational genres
Names (nicknames)
Euphemisms
Greetings or leave takings
Intensifiers (fuck!)
Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases (early bird gets the worm)
Rhymes/Poetry (singing while jumping rope)
Taunts/joking relationships
elements of narrative/story
Plot
Characters
Action
Dialogue
genres/forms
Myth (sacred story/creation/personified elements)
Legend (story that's supposed to be true, real people and extraordinary experiences)
Folktales (fictitious/shock characters)
True Story (personal experience/family)
Tall Tale
Ballads (narrative folk song)
customary folklore
Games
Dances
Dramas/Skits
Festivals
Ceremonies
customary folklore's two routes
Profane: inversion, rebellious, gluttony
Sacred: excessive formality, heirarchy, proper
magic
assumes sympathy (casual relationship between unrelated phenomenon)
*coexists with religion and science
religion
assumes higher power (offerings/prayer)
*coexists with magic and science
science
asssumes Law of Nature
*coexists with magic and religion
material folklore
Folk Architecture
Arts and crafts
Clothes/dress/regalia
Food
folk art vs. folk craft
Folk art=decorative
Folk craft=utilitarian
*changes with time/setting--can be both
folklife vs. folklore
Folklife: the way people dress, the dialect they use and the food they eat on an everyday basis
Folklore: how we talk about it--done on special occasions (compare to folklife)
Folklore in relation to the humanities and social sciences
Humanities: history, art, art history, theatre, music, etc. Humanities are concerned with famous/important people usually in one field whereas folklore deals with everyday people in every field
Social Sciences: Uses field work similar to anthropology and uses the scientific method