Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the size of all NBC contamination markers?
A contamination marker that has a yellow background with red letters is what type of agent?
Chemical (GAS in front of marker)
A contamination marker that has a blue background with red lettering is what type of agent?
Biological (BIO in front of marker)
A contamination marker that has a white background with black lettering is what type of agent?
Radiological (ATOM in front of marker)
What other information is marked in the front of the chemical and biological markers?
Name of agent (if known)
Date and time of detection
What other information is marked in the front of the radiological marker?
Dose rate
Date and time of reading
Date and time of burst
A contamination marker that has a red background with yellow lettering and stripe identifies what agent?
Chemical Minefield (GAS MINES in front of marker)
What other information is marked on the Chemical Minefield marker?
Chemical agent in mine
Date of emplacement

Front of marker facing away from minefield
Describe the M40 field protective mask?
Designed to protect the wearer from field concentrations of chemical/biological agents.
The mask consists of a faceblank, a filter canister (which is used to cleanse contaminated air), dual voicemitter assemblies, inlet and outlet valves, and a water drinking system.
What are the 3 type of NBC alarms?
How much time do you have to put on your gas mask? How much additional time do you have to put the hood in place?
9 seconds to don, clear and seal; 6 additional seconds to put the hood in place
How many levels are there of MOPP?
6 levels (MOPP Ready, MOPP 0-4)
When a Marine carries his/her protective mask, what MOPP level are they in?
MOPP Ready
When a Marine has all of his/her MOPP gear available but is not wearing is what level?
This type of paper is used to detect the presence of chemical agents but will not identify the agent?
M9 detector paper
How is M8 detector paper issued?
With your field protective mask and the M256A1 chemical agent detector kit.
How is M8 detector paper used?
Suspected liquid forms such as puddles, small drops or barely visible droplets
When using M8 detector paper, G Series Nerve agents will turn the paper what color?
When using M8 detector paper, V Series Nerve agents will turn the paper what color?
Dark green
When using M8 detector paper, H Series Blister agents will turn the paper what color?
Describe MOPP level 0.
Has all gear available but is not wearing it.
Describe MOPP level 1.
Overgarment worn open or closed, booties/mask/gloves are carried
Describe MOPP level 2.
Overgarment and booties are worn, mask/gloves are carried
Describe MOPP level 3.
Overgarment/booties/mask are worn, gloves are carried
Describe MOPP level 4.
Overgarment/booties/mask/gloves are worn
Define MOPP.
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
What are the 3 levels of decontamination?
Immediate Decon
Operational Decon
Thorough Decon
This type of decontamination minimizes casualties, saves lives and limits the spread of contamination. It is carried out by individuals becoming contaminated.
Immediate Decon
What are the three immediate techniques of immediate decon?
Skin decon
Personnel wipe down
Operator's spray down
This type of decon sustains operations, reduces the contact hazard and limits the spread of contamination to eliminate the necessity or reduce the duration of wearing MOPP gear.
Operational decon
What are the 2 operational decon techniques?
Vehicle wash down
MOPP gear exchange
This type of decon reduces or eliminates the need for individual protective clothing and is carried out by units with assistance from chemical units to reduce contamination on personnel, equipment/material, and/or working ares to lowest possible level.
Thorough decon
What are the 3 thorough decon techniques?
Detailed troop decon
Detailed equipment decon
Detailed aircraft decon
What are the signs/symptoms of exposure to a nerve agent?
Vapor exposure will cause the pupils to constrict, usually pinpoint.
Skin exposure-local muscular twitching where the agent was absorbed. Other symptoms rhinorrhea, dyspnea, diarrhea, vomiting, convulsions, hypersalivation, drowsiness, coma and unconsciousness
What is the treatment for a nerve agent?
Atropine (acetylcholine blocker)
How many autoinjectors of atropine/2PAM CL is each member of the Navy/Marine Corps issued?
3 2mg autoinjectors of Atropine; 3 600 mg autoinjectors of 2-PAM CL
If you are a medical personnel, how much atropine and at what intervals can you administer it?
Continue to administer atropine at 15-minute intervals until atropinization occurs
How long must you hold the autoinjectors firmly in place for them to work?
At least 10 seconds
What are the most common blister agents?
Mustard (HD), Nitrogen Mustard (HD) and Lewisite
This type of agent exerts their primary action on the skin, producing large and painful blisters that are incapacitating.
Blister agents
These agents produce their effect by interfering with normal transmission of nerve impules in the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system.
Nerve agents
These agentsw are odorless, almost colorless liquids, varying greatly in viscosity and volatility.
Nerve agents
What are the signs/symptoms of mustard (HD/HN) exposure?
Pain/gritting feeling in the eyes, photophobia. Burns most severe in warm, sweaty areas (armpits, groin, face and neck)
How long will it take for blisters to being once exposed to a blister agent?
12 hours but may be delayed for up to 48 hrs
What is the primary cause of death when exposed to a blister agent?
Massive edema or mechanical pulmonary obstruction
What is the treatment for mustard exposure?
No specific treatment. All treatment is symptomatic, relief of pain/itching/infection
What is the treatment to Lewisite exposure?
Immediately decon eyes
Sodium Sulfacetamide 30% to combat eye infection within first 24 hrs of exposure
British Anti-Lewisite (BAL) used in cases of systemic involvement
Hydrocyanic acid (AC) and cyanogen chloride (CK) are what type of agents?
Blood agents
These agents interfere with enzyme functions in the body, blocking oxygen transfer.
Blood agents
What are signs and symptoms of blood agents exposure?
Violent convulsions after 20-30 seconds and respiratory failure with cessation of heart action within a few minutes
What is the treatment for blood agent exposure?
Amyl nitrate and intravenous thiosulfate solution
Describe how to use amyl nitrate during blood agent exposure?
Crush 2 ampules and hold close to victim's nose. Repeat every few minutes until 8 ampules have been used
What is the required dose when using sodium thiosulfate to treat a patient that has been exposed to blood agents?
100-200 mg/kg, given IV over a 9 minute period
Phosgene (CG) and Chlorine (CL) are what type of agents?
The toxicity of these agents is due to their effect on lung tissues; they cause extensive damage to alveolar tissue resulting in severe pulmonary edema.
This type of agent is a colorless gas with a distinctive odor similar to that of new-mown hay or freshly cut grass.
Phosgene (Choking agent)
What are signs/symptoms of exposure to Choking agents?
Usually no symptoms for 2-6 hrs after exposure. Latent symptoms are rapid, shallow, and labored breathing; painful cough, cyanosis, frothy sputum, clammy skin, rapid feeble pulse and low BP.
What is the treatment for a choking agent?
Complete bed rest is mandatory. Keep patients warm and treat with O2. Other treatments are symptomatic
These type of agents produce mental confusion and an inability to function intelligently.
Incapacitating Agents
What is the standard incapacitant in the U.S.?
BZ (3-quinuclidinyl benzilate)
What is the treatment for BZ?
Prevent victims from injuring themselves/others
These agents are used to harass enemy personnel or to discourage riot actions.
Riot control/harassing
What are the 2 classes of riot control/harassing agents?
Lacrimators and Vomiting Agents
These are essentially local irritants that act primarily on the eyes and can irritate the respiratory tract and the skin.
What are the principal lacrimators that are used?
CN and CS
Which type of lacrimator is more potent and causes more severe respiratory symptoms?
What type of lacrimator is the standard training agent?
What are the signs/symptoms of lacrimators?
Intense pain in the eyes with excessive tearing. Symptoms seldom last over 2 hrs
What is the treatment for lacrimators?
Generally not necessary. Expose to fresh air and let wind blow into wide open eyes
What are the principal vomiting agents?
DM, DA and DC (D-MAC)
What are the signs/symptoms of vomiting agents?
Produce a strong pepper-like irritation in the upper respiratory tract with irritation of eyes and tearing. Cause sneezing, coughing, nausea, vomiting and feeling of malaise.
What is the treatment for vomiting agents?
Use of the mask in spite of coughing, sneezing, salivation and nausea. Carry on duties as vigorously as possible.
How long does it take to recover from vomiting agent exposure?
Recovery usually complete within 1-3 hrs
This type of agent is a pale, waxy solid that ignites spontaneously on contact with air to give a hot, dense, white smoke composed of phosphorus pentoxide particles.
White phosphorus
What is the treatment for WP?
No tx necessary. Burning particles of WP in skin must be covered with water, wet cloth or mud. Also a 0.5% copper sulfate (produces airproof black coating) may be used. Particles are removed surgically.