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43 Cards in this Set

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What are the nine general first aid rules (1-3)?
1. Remain calm and get organized
2. Make your preliminary examination in the position and place you find the victim
3. In a multi-victim situation, limit your preliminary survey to observing for airway patency, breathing, and circulation, the ABCs of basic life support
What are the nine general first aid rules (4-6)?
4. Examine the victim for fractures
5. Remove enough clothing to get a clear idea of the extent of the injury
6. Keep the victim reassured and comfortable
What are the nine general first aid rules (7-9)?
7. Avoid touching open wounds or burns with your fingers or unsterile objects, unless clean compresses and bandages are not available and it is imperative to stop severe bleeding
8. Unless contraindicated, position the unconscious or semiconscious victim on his side or back, with the head turned to the side to minimize choking or the aspirating of vomitus
9. Always carry a litter patient feet first so that the rear bearer can constantly observe the victim for respiratory or circulatory distress
A french word meaning "to sort" is the process of quickly assessing patients.
Triage
2 types of triage are?
Tactical and Non-tactial
Patients whose injuries require minor professional treatment that can be done on an outpatient or ambulatory basis is?
Class I Tactical
Patients whose injuries require immediate life-sustaining measures or are of a moderate nature are?
Class II Tactical
Patients for whom definitive treatment can be delayed without jeopardy to life or loss of limb are?
Class III Tactical
Wounds or injuries would require extensive treatment beyond the immediate medical capabilities. Treatment would be a detriment to others.
Class IV Tactical
Patients with correctable lifethreatening illnesses or injuries such as respiratory arrrest or obstruction, open chest or abdomen wounds, femur fractures or critical or complicated burns.
Priority I Non-tactical
Patients with serious but non-life threatening ilnesses or injuries such as moderate blood loss, open or multiple fractures (open increases priority), or eye injuries are?
Priority II Non-tactical
Patients with minor injuries, simple fractures, or minor to moderate burns.
Priority III Non-tactical
Patients who are dead or fatally injured. Fatal injuries include exposed brain matter, decapitation and incineration are.
Priority IV Non-tactical
What survey is a process carried out to detect and treat life-threatening conditions?
Primary survey
Irreversible brain damage can occur in how many minutes? Cell death occurs in how many?
4-6 minutes and cell death within 10 minutes
ABCDE steps, status and transport decision should be completed within how many minutes upon arrival on scene?
10 minutes
Apathy, eyes glassy and dull, pupils may appear dilated, breathing may be rapid or labored are signs/symptoms of?
Shock
Pulse tends to become rapid,weak and thready; nausea, vomiting; complaint of thirst and surface vein collapse are signs/symptoms of?
Shock
4 ways to control hemorrhage?
Pressure Dressing
Elevation
Pressure points
Tourniquets
True/Flase
Never Give any medications to a person with a head wound?
True
True/False
Use direct pressure to control hemorrhage if the skull is depressed or fractured?
False
A fracture that is entirely internal and there is no break in the skin is classified as?
Closed fracture
A fractue which there is an open wound in the tissues and the skin is classified as?
Open fracture
Epidermal layer is irritated, redened and tingling are signs/symptoms of what degree burn?
First
Epidermal blisters, mottled appearance and a red base where damage extends into the dermis is what degree burn?
Second
Full-thickness injury penetrating into muscle and fatty connective tissues or even bone are what degree burn?
Third
Tissue color ranging from white (scalds) to black (charring burns) are signs of what degree burn?
Third
Sever pain for burns may be relieved with what meds?
Morphine or demerol injections
What is the most common condition caused by working or exercising in hot environments?
Heat Exhaustion
Caused by loss of salt and water where painful cramps in the muscles may result is called?
Heat Cramps
What carries a 20% mortality rate and an extremely high body temperature?
Heat stroke
Which injury results from prolonged exposure to wet cold at temperatures ranging from just above freezing to 5 deg. F?
Immersion foot
General cooling of the whole body caused by continued exposure to low or rapidly falling temperatures, cold moisture, snow or ice is called?
Hypothermia
When ice crystals form in the skin or deeper tissues after exposure to a temp of 32 deg. F or lower is called?
Frostbite
What frostbite occurs when the surface of the skin will feel hard but the underlying tissue will be soft?
Superficial Frostbite
When freezing reaches into the deep tissue layers and there are ice crystals in the entire thickness of the extremity it is called?
Deep Frostbite
How do you use iodine tablets to purify water?
1. Remove cap and fill with cleanest water
2. Put one tablet (2 if cloudy water)
3. Replace the cap and wait 5 minutes
4. Shake the canteen
5. Loosen the cap and tip the canteen over to allow leakage around the canteen threads
6. Tighten the cap and wait another 25 minutes before drinking or a total of 30 mins
How long must water be held at a rolling boil to make it safe for drinking?
15 seconds
What are the dimensions for a cat hole and when is it used?
1 foot wide by 1 foot deep; used when on the march
What are dimensions for a straddle trench and how long is it used for?
4 foot long, 2 1/2 feet deep and 1 foot wide; used for 1-3 day bivouac sites
What are some methods to carry a casualty?
Fireman's carry, one-man support carry, one-man arms carry, saddleback carry, pack strap carry, pistol-belt carry,
How much airspace do you leave below the neck of the canteen when purifying water using calcium hypochlorite?
1 inch or more
How long must you wait before using water for drinking or cooking that has been purified using calcium hypochlorite?
30 minutes