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20 Cards in this Set

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Hypercalcemia
Serum calcium > 10 mg/dL
Hyperkalemia
Serum potassium > 5.1 mEq/L
Hypermagnesemia
Serum magnesium > 2.6 mg/dL
Hypernatremia
Serum sodium > 145 mEq/L
Hyperphosphatemia
Serum phosphorus > 4.5 mg/dL
Hypocalcemia
Serum calcium < 8.6 mg/dL
Hypokalemia
Serum potassium < 3.5 mEq/L
Hypomagnesemia
Serum magnesium < 1.6 mg/dL
Hyponatremia
Serum sodium < 135 mEq/L
Hypophosphatemia
Serum phosphorus < 2.7 mg/dL
Fluid Volume Deficit
Dehydration in which the fluid intake of the body is not sufficient to meet the fluid needs of the body
Fluid Volume Excess
Fluid intake or fluid retention that exceeds the fluid need of the body. Also called overhydration or fluid overload
Percentage of body weight that total body fluids amounts to
60%
Considered a serious amount of body fluid loss in an adult
10%
Considered a fatal amount of body fluid loss in an adult
20%
Cation
Positively charged ion
Anion
Negatively charged ion
Hypotonic Intravenous Fluids
0.45% saline (1/2 NS)
Isotonic Intravenous Fluids
0.9% saline (NS)
5% dextrose in water (5% D/W)
5% dextrose in 0.225% saline (5% D/1/4 NS)
Lactated Ringer's Solution
Hypertonic Intravenous Fluids
5% dextrose in lactated righer's solution
5% dextrose in 0.45% saline (D/1/2 NS)
5% dextrose in 0.9% saline (5% D/NS)
10% dextrose in water (10% D/W)