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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Main ICF Cation
Action:Regulates cell excitability, helps control ICF osmolality
Potassium
Leading ICF cation
Action: contributes enzymatic & metabolic processes (protein synthesis)
Modifies nerve impulse transmission & skeletal muscle response
Magnesium
Main ICF Cation
Promotes energy storage & carb, protein & fat metabolism
Acts as hydrogen buffer
Phosphorus
Main ECF Cation
Governs ECF osmolarity
Helps maintain acid-base balance
influences H2O distribution
Sodium
Main ECF anion
Affects body PH
Vital role in acid-base balance
combines with H+ to produce HCL
Chloride
Major cation in teeth & bones
Found equally in ICF & ECF
Enzyme activator within cells (muscles)
calcium
ECF
regulates acid-base balance
(-)
Bicarbonate