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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name some characteristics of fluent speech
-little effort is needed
-free of tension
-smooth/continuous
-quick
-does not contain numerous dysfluencies
name the major types of dysfluencies
-part-word/syllable repetitions
-whole-word repetitions
-phrase repetitions
-sound prolongations
-blocks
-interjections
-pauses/broken words
-revisions
most professionals agree that dysfluencies exceeding __% in speech is considered to be dysfluent speech/stuttering.
5%
stuttering is more common in males or females?
males
the prevalence of stuttering is thought to be ___% of the population
5%
what is the ratio of stuttering among male and female children?
3:1
is stuttering thought to have familial prevalence?
yes
what is spontaneous recovery?
an individual spontaneously recovers from stuttering/producing dysfluent speech without seeking Tx
what are some secondary behaviors of stuttering?
-grimmaces of the face
-movements of hands/feet/extremeties
-eye blinking
research shows that adults and school age children tend to stutter on:
-consonants
-first sounds/syllables of words
-content words
-first words in sentences
-longer and/or less commonly used words
research shows that young children tend to stutter on:
-function words
what is the adaptation effect?
when stuttering is reduced by susequent readings of the same passage
what is the consistency effect?
when stuttering occurs on the same words/sounds/areas of a passage read aloud muliple times
what is the adjacency effect?
when stuttering occurs in new words adjacent to previously stuttered words when reading aloud a passage multiple times
what is the audience size effect?
when stuttering increases as a result of the size of the audience
four main types of hypotheses about stuttering
-genetic
-neurophysiological
-behavioral/learned
-pyschoneurosis
list some things that a case Hx for a stuttering client should include
-age of onset
-family Hx of stuttering
-first signs of stuttering included...
-Hx of previous Tx for stuttering
-health Hx
-speech/language/hearing Hx
-current plans/jobs regarding education and occupation
ways in which the frequency of dysfluencies can be assessed:
-conversational sample
-reading aloud
Tx methods for stuttering:
-fluent stuttering
-fluency shaping
-reinforcement of fluency
-masking/DAF
-direct stuttering reduction
neurogenic stuttering may result from:
-CVA
-TBI
-drug toxicity
-progressive neurological diseases
what are some characteristics of cluttering?
-monotone
-excessive dysfluencies
-spoonerisms
-rapid syllable repitions and articulation errors
-uneven rythm of speech
-lack of awareness regarding speech