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30 Cards in this Set

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Name 10 risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Can you control them?
cigarette smoking (yes), high blood pressure (yes), elevated cholesterol (yes), diabetes (yes), overweight (yes), stress (yes), physical inactivity (yes), age (no), gender (no), family history (no)
What role does heredity play in cardiovascular disease?
If parent has heart attack, you're chance will increase.
Where do cholesterol come from?... How are saturated fats and chol. related?
Chol. from things w/ face...not related really
How do cigarette smoking and tobacco usage affect the cardiorespiratory system?
Imm- constricts vessels, mor laborious to breathe...Overtime- decreases cilia in throat and tar in smoke coats lining (breeding ground for bacteria)
How does physical inactivity related to cardiovascular disease and cancer?
destroys body and deteriorates strength.
How can physical activity impacts be prevented?
run/walk 1 mi (get rid of 1500-2000 cal/day)
How does obesity play a role in the prevention and treatment of cariovascular disease and cancer?
Obesity hard on the heart...major reason for cancer-obesity (hard on system)
What is cardiorespiratory fitness?
ability to take in, deliver, and extract oxygen for physical work
What 5 physiological changes occur in response to training?
1. heart rate lower by 10-25 beats/minute 2. stroke volume (SV) increases 3. cardiac output (Q)increases at maximal exertion 4. blood volume increase 5. heart vol increases (hypertrophy)
What are the 1 metabolic response that occurs when one is in a consistent training program?
aerobic capacity increases by 5-25%
How is aerobic cap. limited (2)?...by what %?
age, heredity...heredity-by 40%
What are the effects of detraining on human body?
Fitness lost within a few months with significant decrease occuring after 3 weeks of being inactive.
List 9 wellness benefits that occur when you participate regularly in aerobic excercise?
1. heart enlarges 2. blood pressure decr. 3. more energy 4. basal metabolic rate (BMR) incr. 5. body fat decr. 6. cholesterol decr. 7. libido incr (male) 8. risk for lifestyle related diseases decr. 9. sleep better
What are the principles of aerobic conditioning?
Frequency, Intensity, Time (FIT)
what are the 3 factors of putting together a program
progression (adjust a FIT), overload (yes, it's ok occassionally), specificity
What are 5 signs of overtraining?
1. sick alot 2. sudden loss of weight 3. increase of 5 bpm in rest heartrate 4. decr desire to excercise 5. inability to make fitness gains
What is specificity?
the body's specific response to the type of stress it is exposed to.
What is circuit training?
going from strength excercise to strength excercise at a pace that facilitates aerobic response
What are some motivational techniques?
put workout gear by alarm clock, reward yourself
Why is it important to warm up and cool down?
warm up- so HR will incr and core body temp will incr...cool down-so HR will decr and core body temp will decr
What is hypothermia? What is hyperthermia?
hypoth- low body temp (frostbite), hyperth- high body temp (most dangerous, heat stroke, heat exhaustion)
What resistance train?... and for elders?
bone density incr, metabolism incvre, rick of fracture decr... to not get osteoporosis
Diff. b/w muscular strength and musc. endurance?
muscul. strength- max force muscle group can exert in one contraction...musc. endur- application of repeated muscular force or the ability to hold a submax contraction for a period of time.
Endo-ecto...which is primary
ecto
d
d
What is hypothermia? What is hyperthermia?
hypoth- low body temp (frostbite), hyperth- high body temp (most dangerous, heat stroke, heat exhaustion)
What resistance train?... and for elders?
bone density incr, metabolism incvre, rick of fracture decr... to not get osteoporosis
Diff. b/w muscular strength and musc. endurance?
muscul. strength- max force muscle group can exert in one contraction...musc. endur- application of repeated muscular force or the ability to hold a submax contraction for a period of time.
Endo-ecto...which is primary
ecto
d
d