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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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L.R. Binford
New archaeology, processual, arch, taphonomy
other human actors
James A. Ford
Worked in SE, refined seriation techniques
chronology potshards, etc.
Herbert Spencer
Cultural evolution--humans seperate from natural world
Unlike Darwin
Walter W. Taylor
Processual arch--new arch--scientific
Rebel w/ a cause
Ian Hodder
Post-processual arch. Individual, alternative history, marginalized groups
hippy arch
Nels Nelson
Interseted in Native Americans. SW, worked w/ stratigraphy
"Last of the Mochicans" fan, "layers" of meaning
Ussher
chronolized biblical genologies Earht 6,000 years old
referenced in "Inherit the Wind"
J. Boucher de Perhtes
Discovered Deep time, stone axes and bones of extinct animals
Think 'deeply"
James Chatter
Arch originally called in w/ Kenniwick man
Had his most famous worked taken away
C.B. Moore
developed techniques to work w/ middens
trashpiles
Willard F. Libby
Carbon dating. Libby Half life
Raymond Dart
osteodentokeriatn
Don Johanson
anthropologist
Radiocarbon dating
100-40,000 years
Electron spin resonance (ESR)
electrons "caught" in object over time, realsed, 1,000,000 years
Achuealan
Tools made by Homo erectus,Homo Habilis, newer pointed, easier to distingish
Optically stimulated luminescence
light version of ESR, tooth
Theromluminescence (TL)
heat version of ESR, 500,000 years
Potassium-argon dating
older than 500,000
Argon-argon dating
older than 500,000
Oldowan
Hmo habilis, A. afarensis, oldest, hard to distinguish
Australopeithecus afarensis "Lucy"
oldest
Australopeithecus africanus
ODK, smaller, more apelike, preyed on 2
Australopeithecus robustus
more robust than others (gracile)3
Homo ergaster
4
Homo erectus
5, bipedal,
Homo neanderthalensis
"cousin", more robust, Europe 6
Homo Sapians Sapians
Modern human/cro-magnon,6/7
Libby Half Life
5568 years for carbon
High level theory
Answers to big why questions (Why societies fight?)
Mid level theory
Make inferences about human behavior based on observations of artifacts. (This jar was used for carrying water)
Low level theory
Allow us to make observations based on artifacts. (this is a jar)
taphonomy
non-human actors at a site
seriation
style and tech change over time, plotting change
Krotovina
filled in animal burrows
data
observatoins based on data
Hi
Bye
WHOA
BUDDY
And they were forced to eat Sir Robin's minstrils...
and there was much rejoicing. Yah!