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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Kind of training designed for the person who is often the first to arrive at an emergency scene is:
First Responder
Standing orders tthat allow the first responder to perform particular skills in specific situations without speaking with the medical director are:
Offline Medical direcitons
Orders given to a first Responder by an on-duty physician over the radio or by telephone are:
Online Medical Direction
Your primary concern as a first responder at an emergency scene is:
Personal safety
As a first Responder, it is imprtant to protect yourself from infectious diseases. typically you will need no more than __________ to accomplish this
Latex gloves
If a patient refuses care, the first responder shoudl:
Ask patient to read & Sign a release form
Patients of legal age who are conscious and competent and who accept your care are giving:
expressed consent.
In emergency situations in which a patient is unresponsive, confused, or so severly injured that a clear decision cannot be made, you have the right to provide care based on:
Implied consent
Most states have laws to protect First responders and other EMS providers from civil liability. these laws are called:
Good samaritan laws
If a child or a mentally incompetent adult is ill or injured and the parent or guardian is not present, you have the right to provide care based on
implied consent
A 55-Year old man suddenly experiences severe substernal chest pressure with shortness of breath, sweating, and nausea. the discomfort travels to his jaw and down his left arm. what is the most likely cause of his condition?
Heart Attack
You find a patient who is unresponsive. You send a colleague to phone the emergency response number. You perform a head tilt-chin lift and look, listne, and feel for breathing. If the victim is not breathing what should you do next?
Give 2 slow breaths
you found a person who is unresponsive. You open the airway and find that the victim is not breathing. You provide 2 rescue breaths and you now check for signs of circulation. Where should you feel for the pulse of an unresponsive adult victim?
Cartoid Pulse
A single incident that involves multiple patiens is called a(n)
Multiple-casualty incident
When responding to a crime scene, the first responsibility of the First Responder is
Scene safety.
The precautions taken to protect the first responder againts exposures to infectious diseases are called:
Body substance isolation
The grieving stage during which a patient puts off dealing with the situation is called:
One way to deal with patients or family members who are confronted with death or dying is to:
Listen empathetically
Which of the following is typically a sign or symptom of stress;
The organ found in the pelvic cavity is the:
Urinary Bladder
The first portion of the small intestine is called the
A body structure used to help find the position of the heart during cpr is the
Xiphoid process
the body system responsible for removing wastes and carbon dioxide from the body's cells is the
Circulatory system
The body system Responsible for removing chemical waste from the blood and helping to balance water and salt levels of the blood is the
Urinary System
The abdominal quadrant containing the appendix is the:
Right Lower Quadrant
The abdominal quadrant contaning the stomach is the:
Left Upper Quadrant
The muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity is the:
An unresponsive patient with no spinal injury placed on their side is in the ____________ Position
Lateral Recumbant
Anatomical position is when a person is
Standing, facing foreward, palms facing foreward
When a patient has to be moved away from immediate danger, an ______________ is used
Emergency move
Which of the following situations WOULD NOT require an emergency move
Patient insists on being moved
Drags are moves that are reserved for emergencies because the do not provide protection for the neck and spine. when they are used, the first responder must be sure to
Drag the patient in the direction of the long axis
Which of the following is the best way to move a patient with suspected spinal injures?
Sholder drag
Idealy, the direct ground lift should be performed by a minimum of _______ rescurers
Two rescurers can move a patient from a bed to a stretcher by using the
Draw sheet meathod
When moving conscious patents either up or down stairs, if there is no danger of spinal injures, the best piece of equipment to use is the:
Stair Chair
The piece of equipment that can be taken apart and reassembled around the patent is the
Scoop (orthopedic) stretcher
SHort spine boards or vest type extrication devices are used primarily for:
Removing patients from vehicles when they have suspected spinal injuries
Long boards are used for:
Immobilizing patients with suspected spinal injuries who are found standing up or lying down
You are performing rescue breathing for a victim of respitory arrest. you know that you are delivering a proper rescue breath by:
Adequate chest rise
You are treating a victim of cardiac arrest with an AED. You have powered on the AED, attached the AED electrode pads. And pushed the ANALYZE button. The AED has charged and gives the "shock indicated" message. Your next step is:
Clear the victim and make sure noone is touching the patient
A 20 Year old responsive man is clutching his throat and cannot speak, breathe, or cough. You ask if he is choking, and he nods yes. You ask if he can speak and he shakes his head no. What should you do immediately?
Give abdominal thrusts
A 55 Year old woman sitting at the table next to yours at a resturant suddenly begins to cough forcefully, has very noisy breath sounds, and tells you in between bursts of coughing and gasping that she is ok. You should:
Not interfere, but stay with her and monitor her conditions.
You are perfoming rescue breathing for an infant with respitory arrest. You ensure that you are delivering a proper rescue breath by:
Seeing the victims chest rise during rescue breathing.
You are attempting to assess signs of circulation in a 6-year-old child. After you provide 2 rescue breaths, the child is unresponsive and not breathing, coughing, or moving. Where should you feel for the pulse of an unresponsive child victim?
Cartoid pulse.
What is the compression-ventilation ratio for an adult?
You find a patient who is unresponsive. You send a colleague to phone the emergency response number. You perfom a head tilt-chin lift and look, listen and feel for breathing. If the victim is not breathing, what should you do next?
Give 2 slow breaths.
You are caring at the scene for a woman who fell 20 feet from a rooftop. She is unresponsive and you direct bystanders to phone 911. Your next step in the BLS sequence of action should be to:
Perform Jaw thrust with out head tilt.
The primary concern of a first responder at an emergency is:
Personal Safety