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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Class of drugs that may cause syndrome of muscle rigidity, hyperthermia, autonomic instability, and extrapyramidal symptoms.
Antipsychotics (neuroleptic malignant syndrome)
SE of corticosteroids
Acute mania, immunosuppression, thin skin, osteoporosis, easy bruising, myopathies
Tx for DT's
Tx of tylenol OD
Tx of opiod OD
naloxone (reversible opiod antagonist)
Tx of benzo OD
Tx for neuroleptic malignant syndrome and malignany hyperthermia
Tx of malignant HTN
Tx of A.fib
Rate control, rhythm conversion, and anticoagulation
Tx of supraventricular tachycardia
If stable, rate control w/ carotid massage or other vagal stimulation; if unsuccessful consider adenosine
Causes of drug induced SLE
INH,penicillamine, hydralazine, procainamide, chlorpromazine, methyldopa, quinidine
Macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia w/ neurological symtoms
B12 deficiency
Macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia w/out neurological symtoms
Folate def.
A burn pt presents w/ cherry red flushed skin and coma. Sa02 is normal, but carboxyhemoglobin is elevated. Dx? Tx?
Carbon monoxide poisoning. Treat w/ 100% O2 or w/ hyperbaric O2 if poisoning is severe or the pt is pregnant
Blood in the urethral meatus or high-riding prostate
Bladder rupture or urethral injury
Test to r/o urethral injury
Retrograde cystourethrogram
Radiographic evidence of aortic disruption or dissection
Widened mediastinum (>8cm), loss of aortic knob, pleural cap, tracheal deiation to the right, depression of left main stem bronchus
Radiographic indications for surgery in pts w/ acute abdomen
Free air under the diaphrasm, extravasation of contrast, severe bowel distention, space occupying lesion (CT), mesenteric occlusion (angiography)
The most common organism in burn related infections
Method of calculating fluid repletion in burn pts
Parkland formula
Acceptable urine output in a trauma pt
Acceptable urine output in a stable pt
Cannon a waves
Third degree heart block
Signs of neurogenic shock
Hypotension and bradycardia
Signs of elevated ICP
Cushings triad:HTN, bradycardia, and abnormal respirations
decreased CO, decreased pumonary capillary wedge pressure, increased PVR
Hypovolemic shock
decreased CO, increased PCWP, increased PVR
Cardiogenic (or obstructive) shock
increased CO, decreased PCWP, decreased PVR
Septic shock or anaphylactic shock
Tx of septic shock
IVF and ABXs
Tx of cardiogenic shock
Identify cause; give pressors (ie dopamine)
Tx of hypoolemic shock
Identify cuase; fluid and blood repletion
Tx of anaphylactic shock
Diphenhydramine or epinephrine 1:1000
Supportive tx for ARDS
Continuous positive airway pressure
Signs of air embolism
A pt w/ chest trauma who was preiously stable suddenly dies
Trauma series
AP chest, AP/later C-spine, AP pelvis