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21 Cards in this Set

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Normal Flora: Skin
Normal Flora: Skin

Staphylococcus epidermidis
Normal Flora: Nose
Normal Flora: Nose

S. epidermidis,
colonized by S. aureus
Normal Flora: Oropharynx
Normal Flora: Oropharynx

viridans group strept
Normal Flora: Dental plaque
Normal Flora: Dental plaque

strept mutans
Normal Flora: Colon
Normal Flora: Colon

Bacteroides fragilis
E. Coli
Normal Flora: Vagina
Normal Flora: Vagina

Lactobacillus
colonized by E. coli
colonized by group B strept
Bug mimicking appendicitis
Bug mimicking appendicitis

Yersinia enterocolitica
Campylobacter jejuni
non-typhoidal Salmonella

**cause mesenteric adenitis
Bloody diarrhea
Bloody diarrhea

Campylobacter (comma shaped)
Salmonella (lact neg, flagellar mobility)
Shigella (lac neg, very low ID50)
EHEC (HUS)
EIEC
Yersinia Entercolitica (day care)
Entamoeba histolytica
Watery diarrhea
Watery diarrhea

ETEC (traveler's, ST & LT)
Vibrio cholera (comma shaped, "rice-water" diarrhea)
C. difficile (can be bloody too)
C. perfringens
Giardia
Cryptosporidium (immunocompromised)
Rotavirus
Adenovirus
Norwalk virus
Pneumonia:

Neonates (< 4 weeks)
Children (4 wks - 18 yr)
Adults (18- 40 yr)
Adults (40-65 yr)
Elderly
Neonates (< 4 weeks)
--Group B Streptococci
--E. Coli

Children (4 wks - 18 yr) - *Runts May Cough Sputum
--viruses (RSV)
--Mycoplasma
--Chlamydia trachomatis (young children)
--Streptococcus pneumoniae

Adults (18 - 40 yo)
--Mycoplasma
--Chlamydia pneumoniae
--Streptococcus pneumoniae

Adults (40 - 65 yo)
--Streptococcus pneumoniae
--Haemophilus influenza
--Anaerobes
--Viruses
--Mycoplasma

Elderly
--Streptococcus pneumoniae
--Influenza virus
--Anaerobes
--Haemophilus influenza
--Gram-negative rods
Noscomial
Noscomial

Staphylococcus
Enteric gram-negative rods
Immunocompromised
Immunocompromised

Staphylococcus
Enteric gram-negative rods
Fungi
Viruses
Pneumocystis jiroveci (w/HIV)
Aspiration
Aspiration

Anaerobes
Alcoholic / IV drugs
Alcoholic / IV drugs

Strept pneumoniae
Klebsiella
Staphylococcus
Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis

Pseudomonas
Postviral
Postviral

Staphylococcus
Haemophilus influenza
Atypical
Atypica

Mycoplasma
Legionella
Chlamydia
Meningitis:

Newborn (0-6 mos)
Children (6 mos - 6 yrs)
Adults (6-60 yrs)
Adults (60+ yrs)
Meningitis:

Newborn (0-6 mos)
--Group B strep
--E. Coli
--Listeria

Children (6 mos - 6 yrs)
--Strept pneumoiae
--Neisseria meningitidis
--Haemoph influenza B
--Enteroviruses

Adults (6-60 yrs)
--Strept pneumoniae
--Neisseria meningitidis (#1 in teens)
--Enteroviruses
--HSV

Adults (60+ yrs)
--Strept pneumoniae
--Gram-negative rods
--Listeria
UTI bugs
UTI bugs

1.) E. coli (green metallic sheen on EMB agar)
2.) S. saprophyt (community acq, women)
3.) Klebsiella pneumoniae (large mucoid capsule, viscous colonies)
Others:
-Serratia marcescens
-Enterobacter cloacae
-Proteus mirabilis
-Pseudomonas aeurginosa

**Leukocyte esterase - positive = bacterial
**Nitrite - positive = gram negative
**Urease - positive = proteus, kleb; neg = strept, enteroc
Bugs crossing placenta
Bugs crossing placenta

ToRCHeS

Toxoplasmosis gondii
Rubella
CMV
HIV
Herpes (HSV-2)
Syphilis
Red rashes in childhood
Red rashes in childhood

Rubella (head moves down; postauricular lymphadenopathy)
Measels (Rubeola) (start head move down; koplic spots)
Varicella Zoster
HHV-6 (Roseola) (macular rash over body; after days of high fever)
Parvovirus B19 (slapped cheek)
Strept pyogenes (scarlet fever)
Coxsackievirus A (vesicular, palms & soles)