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89 Cards in this Set

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Access stairs
A stairway, usually open, serving a number of floors of a common tenant. Also known as convenience stairs.
Air diffusers
The air supply outlets of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning system (HVAC) into the conditioned space.
Annunciator panel
The console at the fire command station which provides audible and visual fire and trouble signals.
Ansul system
A dry chemical extingushing system commonly used to protect commercial cooking equipment.
Asphyxiation
A harmful changing of the chemical life processes of the body tissues due to a deficiency of oxygen.
Atrium
An open area within a building, more than three stories.
Attack stairway
A fire stair being used by the Fire Department to gain access to the fire area, where the door between the stairway and fire area is being maintained in an open position.
Ball drip valve
The valve located between the siamese and the lower check valve which enables that section of piping to be maintained dry.
Blind shaft elevators
Elevators serving the upper areas of a building in a shaft that is not equipped with hoistway doors on the lower floors.
Booster pumps
The pumps which supply a gravity or pressure tank in a Hi rise building.
Boro communications office
The fire dept. dispatch office of a Boro which receives alarms from various sources and sends out fire companies to respond.
Building evacuation supervisor
When the fire safety director is not present in a class "E" office building occupied by less than 100 people above or below the street floor or by less than 500 people in the entire building, an employee trained by the fire safety director will man the fire command station and execute the fire safety plan.
Central station
A private alarm company station which receives alarm signals from a location and transmits the alarm to the fire dept.
Certificate Of Fitness
A document issued by the Fire Dept. given to a person who has met the qualifying requirements to perform a specific function.
Certificate Of Occupancy
A document issued by the building department stating the approved uses and maximum occupancies of spaces in a building.
Check valve
A valve in a fire protection system which allows the flow of water in one direction only.
Class E Building
The building code designation for a building which primary use is the transaction of business.
Class J Building
The building code designation for a building which primary use is for residential purposes.
Combustible liquids
Liquids which give off flammable vapors at a tremperature over 100 degrees.
Compartmentation
The subdividing of floor areas by fire resistive separations into smaller spaces or compartments.
Core type Building
A building in which the elevators, stairway and building support systems are grouped together in one area of the building. This area could be in the center of the building as in a center core building or on one of the sides of the building as in a side core building.
Damper
A device to seal off or to control air flow in a HVAC system.
Elevator control Panel
A visual display unit located in the lobby to indicate the status and location of all elevator cars and necessary controls for the operation of the cars.
Elevator machinery Room
The area where the equipment is located that raises and lowers the elevator car. It can be at the top or bottom of the elevator shaft. In high-rise buildings it is usually at the top of the shaft.
Evacuation Stairway
A fire tower or a fire stairs that is remote from the fire area and used for the evacuation of the building occupants. A fire tower is the preferred evacuation stairs.
Explosive or flammable limits
The percentage of substance (vapor) in air that will burn if it is ignited. Most substances have an upper (too rich) and a lower (too lean) flammable limit.
Fail Safe system
A system where the stairway door unlock upon operation of certain automatic fire detecting devices or manually from the fire command station
Fire Brigade
Building employees trained by the FSD to assist in evacuation, provide information to the Fire Commmand Station and extinguish incipient fires upon receipt of an alarm.
Fire Command Station
A location in the lobby with communication capability to various parts of the building. The fire Command station shall include a console with capability to monitor fire alarm and fire protection systems in the building.
Fire partition
A rated vertical unit or assembly of materials that seperate one space from another within any story of a building.
Fire point
The temperature at which a liquid fuel will produce vapors sufficient to support combustion once ignited. The fire point is usually a few degrees above the flash point.
Fire prevention
The inspections and maintenance to prevent hazardous conditions from developing
Fire protection
The building systems in place to extinguish a fire or limit it's spread.
Fire protection plan
A professional engineer's plan to show the fire protection systems and features of a building. For example the sprinkler and standpipe systems and the fireproof doorways would be listed.
Fire pumps
The pumps which increase the pressure in a fire protection system
Fire safety director
A designated employee holding a certificate of fitness from the Fire Department qualifying him to perform the duties as required.
Fire safety plan
A fire safety plan for drill and evacuation procedures
Fire tower
An enclosed stairway connected at each story by an outside balcony or fire proof vestibule vented to the ouside.
Fire wardens
Employees of a tenant who's duties include providing information to the Fire Command Station and directing evacuation from the floor which they occupy
Flame proofing
The treating of a combustible material to make it difficult to ignite, and to restrict the flame from spreading once it ignites
Flammable liquids
Liquids which give off flammable vapors at a temperature under 100 degrees
Flash point
The minimum temperature at which a liquid fuel gives off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable mixture with the air near the surface. At this temperature the ignited vapors will flash but will not continue to burn.
Frost proofing
The insulating and heating of sections of piping on the fire protection systems which are exposed to freezing temperatures.
Fused
When a soldered link melts and water flows out of a sprinkler head it is said to have fused.
Fusibl link
A device designed to be actuated by an abnormal rise in temperature.
Gravity tank
A tank which is elevated to provide water under pressure by way of gravity to a fire suppression system
Group Stairs
Seperate stairways which will be found in close proximity to each other
Hard wire communications
A system of communications in which wiring physically connects both lobby command post and other areas within the building. Viz.: Points of transmission and reception.
Heat
The form of energy that raises temperature. Heat can be measured by the amount of work it does; for example, the amount of heat needed to make a column of mercuty expand inside a thermometer.
HVAC system
The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system in a building.
Hydrostatic test
Subjecting a container or piping to high water pressure to test it's structural integrity.
Ignition temperature
The minimum temperature to which a fuel in air must be heated to start self sustained combustion without a seperate ignition source.
Initiating device
Any device which sends an alarm signal to the fire command station
Key (1620)
An official Fire Department key.
Key (2642)
A standard key used by the elevator industry.
Local Law 16 of 1984
The NYC law that included regulations for hotels.
Local Law 5 of 1973
The NYC law that regulated Office buildings
Local Law 58 of 1987
The NYC law that set standards for the provisions for handicapped persons.
Local Law 78
The NYC law that regulated hazardous materials
Locked door fail safe system
A system where the lock mechanism is controlled electrically from a remote location.
MEA number
The mechanical equipment acceptance number given to approved mechanical parts.
Means of egress
The corridors, stairways and doors which provide exit from a building
Mechanical equipment room
The area where equipment is located for the heating and air conditioning of the air in a building.
Monitoring station
Another term for a central station
O.S.&Y. Valve
An outside stem and yoke valve. This water control valve has an exposed stem when the valve is in the open position
Oxidation
The combining of a fuel with oxygen. Rusting and burning are examples of oxidation
PCB's
Poly Chlorinated Biphenyls. The toxic substance given off when the oil in certain electrical transformers burn.
Plenum
An air compartment or chamber to which one or more ducts are connnected and which form a part of an air distribution system. In high-rise buildings the space between the suspended ceiling and the under side of the floor above is used as a plenum for the collection of the return air.
Pressure reducing valve
A water control valve fitted on a standpipe outlet that automatically keeps the pressure from getting too high
Pressure tank
A tank used to provide water under pressure by way of forced air pressure to a fire suppression system
PVC's
Poly Vinyl Chloride. The toxic gasses given off when certain plastics and electrical wiring insulation burns.
"Q" decking
A type of composite floor contruction in which corrugated steel is used to support the concrete floor.
Raceways
Channels built into a floor or wall for the running of electrical, telephone, and other building wiring.
RCNY
Rules of the City of New York
Return stairs
A stairway with a landing between floors which returns the user to a point on the floor directly above the floor below
Roof manifold
The standpipe outlets located on the roof, used for fire fighting and testing
Safety edge
The leading edge of an elevator car door which causes the door to reverse its direction when it encounters an obstruction.
Sending station
A manual pull box alarm in a building
Search and evacuation post
A position established above the fire operations to control and coordinate all operations in that area.
Set backs
The area formed when the floor area of a building is reduced thus requiring the exterior wall of a building to be recessed.
Siamese
The part of the fire suppression system that enables the fire dept. to pump water under pressure into the system
Size-up
An estimate of the conditions and problems of a fire or emergency situation by the officer in command.
Sky lobby
An elevator terminal point on an upper floor of a building where passengers can change from one bank of elevators to another.
Smoke barriers
Doors located in hallways designed to stop the spread of smoke
Staging area
An area established on a floor below the operations post to provide logistical support to the operations post.
Stair pressurization
The process by which fans are activated within a stair enclosure to pressurize it and prevent smoke from entering that stairway
Supervisory device
A device that signals when part of the fire protection system is not working properly (i.e low water level in the gravity tank, low pressure in the pressure tank, etc.)
Thermostatic device
A fire detecting device which transmits alarm upon a increase in temperature.
Trouble sginal
An audible and visual signal received at the fire command staiton from a supervisory device that warns that a part of the fire protection system is not functioning properly.