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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Fire prevention
is educational and enforcement activities designed to increase public awareness of fire and life safety problems and promote removal of these problems.
Fire inspections
is the search for fire hazards and the necessary enforcement of fire and life safety regulations to remove these hazards.
Plan review
is the fire department review of building plans and specifications to check compliance with fire and life safety codes and regulation.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code):
Assemble occupancy
an occupancy used for gathering of 50 + people for deliberation, worship, entertainment, eating, drinking, amusement, awaiting transport, and similar uses.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code):
Educational occupancy
an occupancy used for educational purposes by six or more people for four or more hours per day or more than 12 hours per week.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code):
Day care occupancy
an occupancy with 4 or more clients receive care, by other than relatives or legal guardian, for less than 24 hours per day.
Classificaitons of occupancies
(NFPA 101 Life safety code):
Health care occupancy
an occupancy used for the purpose of medical or other treatment of four or more persons where such occupants are mostly incapable of self-preservation due to age, physical or mental disability.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Ambulatory health care occupancy
A building used to provide services or treatment simultaneously to four or more patients that provides, on an outpatient basis, treatment for patients incapable of taking action for self-preservation under emergency conditions.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Detention and correction occupancy
An occupancy used to house four or more persons under varied degrees of restraint or security where such occupants are mostly incapable of self-preservation because of security measures not under the occupants' control.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Residential occupancy
An occupancy that provides sleeping accommodation for other than health care or detention and correctional.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Residential board and care occupancy
An occupancy used for lodging and boarding of four or more residents, not related by blood or marriage to the owners or operators, for the purpose of providing care services.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Mercantile occupancy
An occupancy used for the display and sale of merchandise.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Business occupancy
An occupancy used for account and record and record keeping or the transaction of business other than mercantile.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Industrial occupancy
An occupancy in which products are manufactured or in which processing, assembling, mixing, packaging, finishing, decorating, or repair operations are conducted.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Storage occupancy
An occupancy used primarily for storage or sheltering of goods, merchandise, products, vehicles, or animals.
Classification of occupancies (NFPA 101 Life safety code)
Mixed occupancy
An occupancy in which two or more classes of occupancy exist in the same building or structure and where such classes are intermingled so that separate safeguards are impractical.
Personal hazards
Common hazards caused by unsafe acts of people.
Special hazards
Hazards associated with a particular process or operation peculiar to the individual occupancy.
Target hazards
A condition, facility, or process which could produce or stimulate a fire that would involve a possible large life or property loss.
Pre-Incident Surveys (purpose)
Help fire fighters become familiar with the occupancies within a community and recognize safety hazards.
During Survey
Schedule in commercial hours, always be accompanied by a representative or the occupancy, and always conduct an exit interview.
What are the three types of sketches?
Floor plan, plot plan, and elevation sketch.
Floor plan
Shows layout of individual floors.
Plot plan
Show the building in relation to other building, streets, and exposures (an aerial view).
Elevation sketch
Shows numbers of floors & grade around building.
Home surveys are done for __________ not ______________.
Home surveys are done for PREVENTION not CODE VIOLATION.
Goals of Home survey:
1) Obtain proper life safety conditions
2) To keep accidental fires from starting
3) Help the owner or occupants understand and improve existing conditions
4) Prevent injury or deaths
Home surveys are kept ___________.
confidential
3 Steps to presentations to the public
1) Prepare the audience, motivate

2) Transfer the facts and ideas

3) Allow for participation to apply demonstrations
E.D.I.T.H.
Escape Drills In The Home
Smoke detectors should be tested ________.
monthly
Smoke detectors batteries should be changed every ________.
6 months