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45 Cards in this Set

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Hypertext markup language (HTML)
the language you use to create a Web site.
HTML document
a file that contains your Web site content and HTML formatting instructions.
HTML tag
specifies the formatting and presentation of information on a Web site.
Structure tags
HTML tags that set up the necessary sections and specify that the document is indeed an HTML document.
Beginning structure tag
<HTML>
Ending structure tag
</HTML>
Title tags
<TITLE> & </TITLE>
Body tags
<BODY> & </BODY>
Starting tag
<tag name>
Ending tag
</tag name>
Basic text placement tags
HTML tags that allow you to place text within specific areas of your document.
Paragraph
<P> </P>
Line break
<BR> (*No closing tag needed)
Basic formatting tags
HTML tags that allow you to specify formatting for text.
The three most commonly used basic HTML formatting tags are:
Bold - <B> </B>
Underline - <U> </U>
Italics - <I> </I>
Heading tags
HTML tags that make certain information, such as titles, stand out on your Web site.
<H1>
very large
<H6>
very small
You can place a “rule” across a page by using:
<HR>
Note that there is no need for a closing tag
You can define HR styles:
Size, Width, Color
<HR size=5; width=250; color=blue>
What is ftp:
A standard method of sending files from one computer to another over the internet. (simple definition)
When saving html files:
Save all files in lower case
Use either the html or htm extension for all web page files
Make sure your 1st page is called: home.html or home.htm, if those don’t work name it index.html (default name)
Structure Tags
<html>
<head><title> </title></head>
<body>

</body>
</html>
Formatting Tags
<br>
<p>
<u>, <i>, <b>
Nested slides ex: <u><i>…</i></u>
Headings: <H1> - very large,
<H6> - very small
Text and Background
Text Colors
< FONT COLOR=GREEN>…</FONT>
<FONT COLOR=#FF0000>…</FONT>
Text Size
<FONT SIZE =font size>
<FONT FACE = mistral>
<FONT SIZE =32, COLOR=green, face=mistral>…</font>
Background Colors
<BODY BGCOLOR= green>
Link (Hyperlink)
clickable text or an image that takes you to another site or page on the Web.
Three types of links include:
Links to other Web sites or pages
Links to downloadable files
Links to e-mail
Adding Links To A Web Site Links to Other Web Sites or Pages
The general tag format for a link in an HTML document is
<A HREF=”address or file name”>text to appear on screen</A>

The Web site address appears within the quote marks after the equal sign (=).

The text that will appear as a link on the displayed Web site appears after the greater than sign (>) and before the ending tag of </A>.
Use the link HTML tag and provide the filename in quote marks after the equal sign (=) instead of a Web site address.
When the person viewing your Web site clicks on this link, he or she will see a screen that prompts either to open the file or to save it to disk.
Use the following format to provide a link to e-mail:
<A HREF=“mailto:vlaw@ou.edu”> E-mail us with your thoughts and questions</A>
The basic tag format for inserting an image or photo to your Web site is
<IMG SRC=“filename.extension”>
Wherever that statements appears in your HTML document is where the photo or image will appear in your Web site.
Filename and extension have to match exactly, even case matters…
To size an image, you insert the HEIGHT and WIDTH parameters into the image tag.
<IMG SRC=”filename.extension” HEIGHT=pixel count WIDTH=pixel count>
Size an image according to the number of pixels.
Pixels are the smallest display elements on a screen.

Can specify numbers or proportions
The default placement for an image is
left-justified.
Right justify an image by inserting the ALIGN parameter in the image statement.
<IMG SRC=”Bo.jpg” ALIGN=”right”>
Centering an image
use a center tag
The format for textured background is
<BODY BACKGROUND=“filename.extension”>.
Use the following three HTML tags to create a numbered list:
<OL> - starts the numbered list (the O in OL stands for ordered)
</OL> - ends the numbered list
<LI> - for each item in the list (LI stands for list item)
The default numbering for numbered lists is Arabic. Change the default by adding the TYPE parameter. Examples include:
<OL TYPE=a> - lower case letters
<OL TYPE=A> - upper case letters
<OL TYPE=i> - lower case Roman numerals
<OL TYPE=I> - upper case Roman numerals
What is a Computer?
Definition:
All computers are systems of input, processing, output, storage, and control components.
Types of Computers
Supercomputers, Mainframe
Computers, Workstations, Microcomputers, Midrange
Computers
Six categories of hardware
1.)Input device
2.)Output device
3.)Storage device
4.)Central processing unit (CPU)
5.)Telecommunications device
6.)Connecting device
Computer Peripherals
Definition:
Generic name given to all input, output, and secondary storage devices that are part of a computer system, but are not part of the CPU.
Entering Text and Numbers
The keyboard is the primary entry device for this requirement.