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23 Cards in this Set

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security council
•initially designed to fufill UN charter: maintain international security and peace
•15 members (5 perm)
-ch 6: non coercive- peace keeping missions, resolutions
-ch. 7: coercive: call on member states to create UN force, sanctions
ECOSOC
Economic and Social Council:
• gave CHR power in engage in fact finding under Res: 1235
CHR
Commission on Human Rights
•Res 1235 gave power to investigate bodies, have them submit a report. if the report is bad, can send to ECOSOC, ECOSOC can send to GA. GA can censure>> shame and exposure
•responsible for drafting and encouraging treaty signing
truth commissions
• south africa, nelson mendela.
•establishes restorative justice as oppsose to punitive justice
•road between vengeance and forgiveness
TVPA
Torture Victim Protection Act
•extended ATCA US citizens
•US civil suits
laws of war
International Humanitarian Law
•during conflict only (overcoat)
•protect combatants and non combatants
• wear uniforms
•open weapons
POW
Prisoners of War:
•covered by 3rd article of Geneva Convention
theory of command responsibility
1) prove superior/subordinate relationship
2) prove knew of crime or should have
3) didnt prevent of punish
Geneva Conventions (foundation of the laws of war)
customary law
work to protect:
1) soldiers on land
2) sailors at sea
3) POW
4) civilians
grave breaches of the geneva convention
•willful killing of protected person
•excessive destruction of property
•destroying place of worship
•unlawful deportation of civilians
Refugee Act 1980
• way of adjusting national law in accordance to recently signed Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
refouler
•by signing on to the Convention relating to the status of refugees, countries are prohibited from sending away refugees
ATC
Agreement on Textiles and Clothing:
• 10 year phase out of MFA
(whoever has the cheapest clothing, you can get from)
MA
Multi Fiber Agreement:
•established quotas for countries in which imports were jeoperadizing domestic industry
ILO
International Labor Organization:
•monitored standards
•ensures the right to unionize
WRC
Workers Rights Consortium:
a college and university organisation dedicated to ensuring that factories producing clothing and other goods respect the basic rights of workers
writ of Habeus Corpus
-right to challenge unlawful detainment
-cornerstone of democracy
Guantanamo Bay
up to 750 being held
•holding them in interrogation to find out about terrorism
•torture is taking place. believe fear will stop attacks
many of the detainees:
-are without legal council
-not been criminally charged
-have been held for an indefinite period of time.
-many rendered
limited extra territorial effect
if individual is not a US citizen, and they are arrested off US soil, the US constitution does not apply
CSRT
Combatant Status Review Tribunals:
-different from ordinary tribunal because
•overseen by military personnel
•burden of proof on detainee
•not given attorney but personal representative
derogable rights
• in face of public emergency-when a nation is at tremendous risk some rights can be derogated(cant be discriminatory)
• some absolutely cannot, like torture
ICC
Internation Criminal Court:
•right to a fair trial
•defendent presumed innocent
•burden of proof lies with prosecution
•intent to commit crime must be proven
•anyone can be tried regardless of any immunities
•cant impose the death penalty
hybrid tribunals
both state and UN sponsored
(i.e. Sierra Lionne)