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151 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Parathyroid glands are located in the:
Neck
Which of the following hormones stimulates secretion of estrogen and sperm production?
Follicle stimulating
The thyroid gland helps to regulate:
Metabolism
Which of the following secrete estrogen and progesterone?
Ovaries
Which of the following hormones affects skin pigmentation?
Melanocyte stimulating
Which of the following affects the sympathetic nervous system in stress response?
Epinephrine
The absorption of water by kidney tubules is influenced by:
Antidiuretic hormone
Carbohydrate and sugar metabolism are regulated by:
Glucagon
The adrenal glands are located next to the:
Kidneys
Which of the following glands affects the onset of puberty?
Pineal
*A diagnosis of type 2 DM indicates that the patient:
Is usually not dependent on insulin for survival
Andr/o is the combining form meaning:
Male
A woman with a beard has the condition termed:
Hirsutism
Hyperthyroidism is also called:
Graves disease
Slow pulse, dry skin, and puffy hands and face are characteristic of:
hypothyroidism
The condition characterized by advanced hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in adults is:
Myxedema
A condition of congenital hypothyroidism that results in lack of physical and mental development is:
Cretinism
The medical term for high blood sugar is:
hyperglycemia
A transverse radiologic image of the pituitary gland is obtained by:
Computed tomography
Which of the following is a test to determine the efficiency of glandular secretions?
Thyroid function study
An agent that causes the pupil to dilate is called a/an:
Mydriatic
The medical term for pink eye is:
Conjunctivitis
The use of intense cold to seal a hole or tear in the retina is performed in which surgical procedure?
Cryopexy
Enucleation refers to the excision of the:
Eyeball
Blepharoptosis is usually caused by:
Paralysis
The medical term for a sty is:
Hordeolum
The disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure that results in damage to the optic nerve, producing defects in vision is:
Glaucoma
The instrument most commonly used to visualize the interior of the eye is a/an:
Opthalmoscope
Absence of a lens, usually after a cataract extraction is called:
Aphakia
The ophthalmologic term describing a fibrous growth of conjuctival tissue that extends onto the cornea is termed:
Pterygium
*Corne/o and which other combining form means cornea?
Kerat/o
Aque/o is a combining form meaning:
Water
Ocul/o is a combining form meaning:
Eye
Scler/o is the combining form meaning sclera or:
Hard
Lacrimation refers to:
Secretion of tears
The term diplopia means:
Double vision
The condition in which it is difficult to see objects at a distance is called:
Myopia
Uncontrolled blinking or twitching of the eyelid is called:
Blepharospasm
Vitreous pertains to:
Glassy
An outward turning of the rim of the eyelid is called:
Ectropion
The incus is located in the:
Middle ear
Which of the following is associated with nerve impulses and body movement?
Semicircular canals
The larger of the two sacs within the membrane labyrinth of the vestibule in the inner ear is the:
Utricle
Air passed to the auditory tube from the outside of the body via the throat is important for maintaining:
Equal air pressure
Which of the following relays sound waves to the brain for interpretation of sound?
Inner ear
The membrane that covers the opening between the middle ear and inner ear is the:
Oval window
The coiled tubular structure of the inner ear is known as the:
Cochlea
Which of the following connects the middle ear to the throat?
Auditory tube
Which of the following is the first of three auditory ossicles of the middle ear?
Malleus
Fluid within the labyrinth of the ear is known as:
Endolymph
*Ot/o and this other combining form mean ear:
Aur/i
Cerumin/o is a combining form meaning:
Wax
The term for ringing or buzzing in the ear is:
Tinnitus
The medical term for earache is:
Otalgia
Paracusis is a medical term describing:
Impaired hearing
Inflammation of the middle ear is called:
Otitis media
An excessive buildup of wax in the ear is called a/an:
Cerumen impaction
Conductive hearing loss is caused by:
Interference vibrations in the external canal, middle ear or ossicles
An instrument to measure hearing is called a/an:
Audiometer
Which surgical procedure is done to correct otosclerosis?
stapedectomy
An accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity describes:
Ascites
The term that means to vomit blood is:
Hematemesis
A laxative is called a:
Cathartic
Which region of the abdomen is located below the navel?
Hypogastric
Ankyloglossia is defined as a/an:
Tonguetie condition
The epigastric region of the abdomen is located:
Below the sternum
The term for difficulty swallowing is:
Dysphagia
Another term for jaundice is:
Icterus
Cholecystectomy is excision of the:
Gallbladder
A lower GI series is also called a/an:
Barium enema
Which of the following is a factor that affects public health literacy?
A-Level of complexity of health information
B-communication skills of public health professionals
C-Information dissemination channels
-ALL OF THE ABOVE
Which of the following disease states are commonly worse in patients with low health literacy?
A- HIV
B- Diabetes
C-prostate cancer
-ALL OF THE ABOVE
What percent of US adults have proficient health literacy?
12
Adults with below basic health literacy are more likely than the general population to:
Be age 65 or older
According to the data presented, which of the following statements is/are true?
A-low literacy is common in recent military recruits
B- low literacy is common in patients on govt assistance programs like Medicare/Medicaid
C- low literacy is common in high socioeconomic groups
-ALL OF THE ABOVE
What is the typical reading grade level of health information provided by health practioners?
Grade 10-13
*The combining form celi/o means:
Abdomen
The combining form meaning stone is:
Lith/o
The combining form meaning to eat or swallow is:
Phag/o
The combining form meaning duct is:
Doch/o
Gloss/o refers to the
Tongue
Pylorus means:
Gatekeeper
Proct/o refers to the anus and:
Rectum
Which combining form specifically refers to the small intestine?
Enter/o
The suffix –emesis means:
Vomiting
Which of the following regions of the abdomen refer to the upper lateral regions beneath the ribs?
hypochondriac
The ureters have which of the following functions in regard to urine?
Carry
Which of the following carries the urine from the kidneys to the bladder?
Ureter
All of the combining forms below mean sugar except:
A-glycos/o
B-gluc/o
C-glyc/o
D-glucos/o
Glycos/o
Which of the following is an opening to the outside of the body?
Urinary meatus
All of the following are critical elements regulated by the kidneys except:
Nitrogen
The inner part of the kidney is called:
Medulla
Which of the following is described as basinlike?
Renal pelvis
Which of the following is the part of the kidney where vessels come and go?
Hilum
Which of the following combining forms means ureter?
Ureter/o
The ureteropelvic junction connects the renal pelvis and:
Ureter
Public health is financed by premiums and cost sharing while managed care is financed by taxes
This statement is FALSE
OBRA ’90 mandated that pharmacists must:
A-document information about each patient
B-prospectively review the patient’s drug utilization
C-counsel the patient or caregiver on outpatient prescription drugs
D-A and B
E- A, B, and C
D. A and B
Managed care’s focus on disease prevention is limited by short term business and disenrollment
This statement is TRUE
Public Health is focused on decreased cost of health services while managed care is focused on increased access to health care services
This statement is FALSE
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention is responsible for the control and prevention of:
A-infectious and chronic disease
B-environmental health threats
C-workplace hazards
D-A and B
E-ALL OF THE ABOVE
-ALL OF THE ABOVE
*The medical term for bedwetting is called nocturnal:
Enuresis
Py/o is a combining form meaning:
Pus
Which of the following identifies the xray imaging of the bladder and urethra taken as the patient urinates?
VCU (voiding cystourethrogram)
Which is a degenerative disease of the renal tubules?
Nephrosis
The combining form for kidney is:
Ren/o
Nephrolithiasis describes the presence of what in the kidney?
Stone(s)
The term describing painful or difficult voiding is:
Dysuria
The inability to pass urine is called:
Anuresis
Urethrocystitis is inflammation of the urethra and:
Bladder
Which of the following means little ball?
Glomerul/o
A missed abortion is defined as:
Death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus
The microscopic and chemical examination of placental tissue to detect fetal abnormalities is termed:
Chorionic villus sampling
The scrotum is divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and:
Epididymis
The most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease in North American, which often occurs with no symptoms is:
Chlamydia
Which surgical method is used in performing a large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)?
Electrosurgery
Semen is made up of a mixture of secretions from all of the following except:
Prostate gland
The ejaculatory duct is formed by the union of the vas deferens and the:
Seminal vesicle
What is described as a coiled duct and is located on the top and the side of the testis?
Epididymis
All of the following mean testis except:
Sperm/o
The origin of the term prostate is:
Greek
The urethra is contained in which area?
Penis
For which of the following diagnoses would a colporrhaphy involving posterior repair be indicated?
Rectocele
Which of the following is the term for surgical breast enlargement?
Augmentation mammoplasty
Where is sperm stored before emission?
Epididymis
The term that describes excision of fibroid tumors is:
Myomectomy
The embryo develops in a pearshaped organ of the pelvic cavity known as the:
Uterus
Which of the following unites with the ovum to produce offspring?
Spermatozoon
The development of mammary glands in the male is:
Gynecomastia
Which of the following is also known as the foreskin?
Prepuce
The endoscope used to examine within the vagina is called a/an:
Colposcope
*Test/o and which other combining form means testicle?
Orchid/o
The combining form meaning glans penis is:
Balan/o
Prostat/o is a combining form referring to the:
Prostate gland
The latin combining form meaning seed is:
Sperm/o
The combining form referring to the region between the scrotum and anus is:
Perine/o
The term that describes scanty production and expulsion of sperm is:
Oligospermia
Enlarged, swollen and herniated veins near the testis describe which of the following?
varicocele
Surgical restoration of function of the vas deferens is called:
Vasovasostomy
Which specialist would be consulted for treatment of epididymitis?
Urologist
Which of the following produces testosterone?
Testes
Cervic/o is a combining form meaning:
Neck
Vulv/o and which other combining form means vulva?
Episi/o
Metr/o is a combining form meaning:
Uterus
Lact/o is a combining form meaning:
Milk
The combining form meaning menstruation is:
Men/o
The combining form meaning ovary is:
Oophor/o
The combining form for egg is:
Ov/i
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is defined as:
Cervical dysplasia
Inflammation of one or both of the ovaries is termed:
Oophoritis
Pouching of the bladder into the vagina is:
Cystocele