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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are positive signs of pregnancy?
visualization of fetus by x ray or film
FHT by ultrasound (6)
fht by dopler (10-17)
Fht by stethoscope (17-19)
fetal movements palpated (19-22)
visible (late in pg)
what are the probable signs of pregnancy?
goodell sign
chadwick sign
hegar sign
pos pg test serum
pos pg test urin
braxton hicks, ballottement
presumptive signs of pg are?
breast changes
amenorrhea
onset of contractions with cervical changes are what stage?
First
spontaneous rupture of membrans is part of what stage?
first
what stages begins with complete dilation?
second
what stage ends with entire birth of infant?
2
begins with birth of placenta and ends one hr later
4
highest risk to maternal well being during this stage
4
ends with complete delivery of placenta
3
begins with complete birth of the baby
3
clinical signs of placental separation- lenghthening of cord, gush of blood from vagina, and rising of the uterine fundus are what stage
3
expulsion of the placenta in what stage
3
what stage has 3 stages and what are they?
1st.
latentent active and transitional
what is happening in latent phase?
0-3 cm dilation.
what is happening in active phase?
4-7 dilation.
what is happening in transitional stage?
8-10cm
internal rotation
what causes great after contractions?
lg baby, multipul child, bladder distended, breast feeding
what does gravita mean?
pregnancys
what does para mean?
births
the union of a single egg and sperm is called
conseption
what is happening in transitional stage?
8-10cm
internal rotation
what stage has 3 stages and what are they?
1st.
latentent active and transitional
the process by which germ cells divide and decrease their chromosomal number by half
meiosis
fertilization takes place in the ?
ampulla of the uterine tube.
stages of the embryo lasts from day _ until approximately _ weeks after conseption.
15 days 8 weeks
most critical time in the development of the organ systems and the main external features.
embryonic stage
this functions as a means of metabolic exchange
placenta
serves as an endocrine gland that produces hormones necessary to maintain the pg and support the fetus
placenta
what hormone is present when pg and used to determine it.
hcg
what preserves the function of the ovarian corpus luteum, ensuring a continued supply of estrogen and progesterone.
hcg
what is pku looking for
phenylalanine elevation
uterus sinks downward and forward and the head decends into the true pelvis this is called
lightning
a flutter, the baby moving is called.
quickening
nomal weight gain in 1st semester is?
3 lbs
regular protein intake and pg protein intake is
44-50 and 60
poor folic acid leads to what in the baby
neuralogical develment
hom many additional cals are needed for bfeeding moms
500cal
what is pica eating
dirt cig butts, ice
where is fertilization
fallopian tube
what is azygote
fertilized ovem
process of cell divison is called
mitosis
division of gametes is called
meiosis
set of genetic traits a person inherits is
genotype
set of traits a person actually displays resulting from a compination
phenotype
makes sperm more active
capacituation
conceptus has 12-16 cells.. a solid ball composed of the first cells formed after fertilization
morula
sac of cells with an inner mass of placed off center within the sac
blastocyst
endometrium before shedding
decidua
implantaion in the decfidua
nidation
what is the embroyonic period
0-8weeks
what period is 9-38 weeks
fetal
when does quickening occure
16-20 weeks
in 22-25 weeks this is bing produced
sufacant
the 3 decidua layers are called
decidua basalis
dicidua capsularis
decidua paretalis
what forms the maternial side of [placenta
decidua basalis
what bulges into the uterine cavatiy
decidua capsularis
lines the uterine cafity and at 22 nweeks combines with capsularis
decisua parietalis
causes corpus luteum to persist and secrete estrogen and progesterone to promote development
HCG
cervis cahnges from pink to dark bluish voilet.. what is this sign
chadwicks sign
softening of the cervix is what sign
goddells
softening of the lower uterine segment is what sign
hegars sign
hemorrage's effect on heart rate
increase4d
what is pyalism
excessive saliva
what results from increased alph
neural tube disorder
what is caused with decrease alph
down syndrom
risks for pih
first pg
multiple gest
polydraminos
malnutrition
hypertension of pih edema poteinuria
preclampsia
occurance of seizures that is not attrubuted to other cause
eclampsia
iurg is under what percentile
10
excessive amniotic fluid
polyhydramnios
too little amnio fluid
oligohydraminos
pharmacological inhibition of uterine activity
tocolysis
early decelerations are from
head compressions
variable decelerations can mean
prolapse cord,
late decelerations can mean
placental insufficiency
abnormal contraction patteren is what
dystocia
mag sulfate does what
cns depressant and relaxes smooth muscle
glucocoricoid that accelerates fetal lung maturity
bbetamethasone
abnomal development of the placenta that results in f-clusters and trophoblastic tissue proliferates
molar pregnancy
complete mole
empty ovem and dies early
8-10 week survival
partial mole