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28 Cards in this Set

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Auschwitz
-was an extermination center or death camp built to kill European Jews
-this was the Nazi's plan after their Einsatzgruppen plan
-Auschwitz was the largest of these death camps
Viet Cong
-was South Vietnamese Communist guerrillas backed by the North Vietnamese
-almost seized the country through their ranks in military units and attacks from the North Vietnam
-persistence of the Viet Cong defeated the U.S. despite their inferior equipment and weapons
SALT I
-is the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between the U.S. and the USSR during the Cold War
-this froze ballistic missile launchers between the 2 countries
*this showed that treaties between two opposing countries was possible
Yalta Conference
-this is where the three Allied leaders met before they had defeated the Germans
-it was a wartime conference to plan the final assault on Germany and postwar settlements
*showed the Allied wartime diplomacy and international relations were possible
Fidel Castro
-was a left-wing revolutionary who had overthrown the Cuban dictator and established a Soviet-supported totalitarian
*this was the U.S.'s major threat since Castro would work with the Soviet right off the shores of the U.S., example, the Cuban Missile Crisis
Douglas McArthur
-the American general who led the offensive operations in the Pacific against Japan-held islands
-he proceeded by the process know as "island hopping"
*helped fight in the island hopping and the Korean War
Mikhail Gorbachev
-became USSR's 1st President after his radical reforms as Party secretary
-his perestroika or radical reforms created a lean towards parliament style gov't with Communist as the lead
*weakened the Communist Party through his perestroika and gave the people a say in the gov't
Bay of Pigs
-was an American-supported attempt to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro
-the attempt was a failure
*Castro's Communist influences in Cuba would continue and he will allow the USSR to station nuclear missiles in Cuba
Ho Chi Minh
-was the leader of the Vietnamese Communist Party who controlled the North Vietnam with Soviet Union support
-he also supported the Viet Cong in the South
*his take over of the North led to the American's involvement in Vietnam b/c of their Domino Theory against Communism
Glasnost
-was a important instrument to Gorbachev's perestroika reforms
-it meant "openess" and allowed the Soviet people to talk openly about the strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet Union
*led to ethnic groups protesting b/c of tensions that resurfaced and led to believing the Communist Party couldn't run the country
Kristallnacht
-after the assassination of a 3rd secretary in the German embassy in Paris by a young Polish Jew, led to a Nazi Party destructive rampage over the Jews
-synagogues were burned down, destroyed Jewish businesses and killed over a 100 Jews
*led to more round-ups of Jewish people and tighter, more extreme rules against Jewish people
Potsdam Conference
-was a conference held to discuss the postwar steps for European countries and what to do with Germany
-Truman wanted free elections and Stalin thought that would led to anti-Soviet and was a threat to him
*showed the complete opposition between the USSR and the U.S.
Taliban
-is a fundamentalists Islamic militia that supported Bin Laden's al-Qaeda
*allowed the al-Queda to put through their plans of terrorism through their support and protection, for example, 9/11 attacks
Nikita Khrushchev
-was the leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin
-he eliminated Stalin's worst features of his regime
-tried to use Soviet advances such as ICBMs and Sputnik to push Western influence out of West Berlin and then eventually put up Berlin Wall
*never succeeded on removing Western power out of Berlin and de-Stalinized the USSR
Berlin Airlift
-was the answer to the Berlin Wall that blockaded food and supplies
-Western Allied air forces dropped supplies into Berlin
*the Berlin Wall would not stop the great economy and prosperity set up by the Western powers
Dachau
-was a concentration camp that held political opponents
-wasn't an extermination camp and prisoners were eventually released as a pardon action
*this was the 1st concentration camp opened by the Nazi Party
Marshall Plan
-was a European Recovery Program to help rebuild war-torn countries in Europe
-this followed the Truman Doctrine in efforts to prevent the spread of Communism
*was created to stop the spread of Communism b/c the Marshall Plan believed Communist fed off weak economies and helped countries that were economically weak like Italy
Josef Mengele
-was a SS officer and physician in Nazi concentration camps
-he was known as the Angel of Death b/c he would help prisoners die from extreme agony and pain
*showed that Nazi Germans working the concentration camps tried to help to some extent but it was very difficult and rare
Nuremburg Trials
-were trials of people that committed war crimes, especially Nazis
-they were punished by jail time or hanging
-Nuremburg was used b/c it was untouched by bombings
*showed the pushed for international punishment of war crimes
Leonid Brezhnev
-the next real power after Khrushchev that was the leader of the Communist Party and the state
-Brezhnev's economy polices would continue to decline the economy
*showed the Soviet Union's real condition and sparked a group of small reformers to emerge
Detente
-was the easing relations between the USSR and U.S.
-was possible after the policy of containment had somewhat succeeded and the end of the 2nd Vietnam War
*showed that two opposing superpowers would eventually and gradually resolve their differences
Containment
-was a policy created to contain Communism
-was sparked by the idea of the domino theory
*significance was that it pushed the U.S. to support any anti-Communist related situations during the Cold War
17th Parallel
-was the parallel that separated Vietnam into North and South during the Vietnam War
*marked as the line to gain ground into the enemy's side
38th Parallel
-is the line that separates North Korea and South Korea
*the 38th Parallel still separates the countries to this day
Berlin Wall
-even though West Berlin was in a Soviet occupation zone, it still prospered and caused the fleeing of East Germans to it
-was built by the Soviet Union to blockade West Berlin from food, supplies, and migration
*the Berlin Wall showed that the West powers were creating better living conditions to the point that the Soviet Union had to stop the migration to the West part of Berlin and the destruction unified Germany and showed the end of the Cold War
Pol Pot
-Pol Pot was the eventual leader of Cambodia that killed 75% of his population
-he destroyed his Khmer Rouge and became democratic which gained U.S. support during the Cold War
*showed the U.S. didn't care about what the leader's intentions were, they got U.S. support as long as they were democratic
Prague Spring
-was a feeling of euphoria that erupted when Dubcek came to power
-the movement wanted to become neutral and withdraw from the Soviet bloc
*led to the Soviet's invasion of Czechoslovakia and the return of old order
Willy Brandt
-was West Germany's first chancellor of the Social Democrats party
-received a Nobel Peace Prize for his "opening toward the east"
*created good relations between East and West Germany through a treaty he worked out with Ulbricht