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20 Cards in this Set

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Alienation
An aspect of Bertolt Brect's theroy of epic theatre: the concept that the audiences emotional involvement should be minimized so that they will be intellectually invloved with the political or social message.
Avant-garde
A term that was applied to plays of an experimental or unorthadox nature which attempted to go beyond standard usage of form, content or both.
Biomechanics
an aspect of Vsevelod Myerholds theory of acting: the idea that an actors body should be machine-like and that emotion could be expressed externally.
Constructivism
a movement in scene design in which sets were created to provide greater oppourtunities for physical action. The sets were composed of different ramps, platforms and levels.
Dada
a term used to decribe the way the artists of the time weere feelings towards all of the war and destruction going on in the world. Many of the plays included repitious dialogue and very jagged plot lines that didnt make sense.
Environmental Theatre
a theatre production which invloves the stage, space and audience arrangement. Some aims of this were the elimination of distinction between audience space and acting space.
Epic Theatre
assciated with the German dramatist Bertolt. Epic theatre is amied at the intellect rather than the emotions, seeking present evidence recgarding social questions.
Expressionsism
the intention of expressionism is not to duplicate the subject accuratly, but rather portray it in a way to express the inner state of the artist.
Fourth-wall convention
A description that implies that in a proscenium arch theatre the audience is looking into a room through an invisible wall. The term is credited to Diderot.
Futurism
Art movement that begun in Italy which idealized machanization and machinery.
Gesamtkunstwerk
Richard wagners term for a united operatic work of art, in wich all elements of theatre come together to form a total piece.
Happenings
Form of theatrical enetertainment which was developed out of experimentation by abstract american artists. Happenings have a scenario that replaces the script and are performed in found places.
Poor Theatre
This term was coined by Jerzy Grotowski to describe his ideal of theatre stripped to its bare essentials. He wanted to eliminate materialistic values by keeping the set simple.
Surrealism
a movement attacking formalism in the arts which developed in Europe after WWI.
- was also a way of thinking beyond what is real and replacing our own logic with logic from dreams.
Symbolism
In drama, a movement which saught to replace realistic representation of life with inner truth. Different techniques were used to go beyond everyday reality. This was closely linked to symbolist poetry.
Theatre of cruelty
Antonin Artauds visionary concept of theatre based on magic and ritual which would liberate deep, violent, and erotic impulses. He wanted to reveal the true cruelty behind all human action.
Theatricalism
emphasizes the theatrics for their own sake. Less coherant movement than most of the quality works found in most rebellious artists. It admits to how artifical the stage is and barrows from various form of entertainment.
Theatre of the absurd
A form of drama that emphasizes the absurdity of human existence by including repetitious dialogue, confusing situations, and plots that lack realism.
Ubermarionette
"Super puppet"
Coined by Edward Gordon Craig to describe what he considered the ideal performer. One who would let the director have full control over the performance.
Unit Setting
A single setting, developed by Edward Gordon Craig, that can be made to represent various locations by simply adding or removing items and elements from the stage.