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97 Cards in this Set

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What was Lincoln's 10 percent plan?
The 10 percent plan is when 10 percent of the voters of a state had to swear loyalty to the Union, the state could form a new government and adopt a new constitution that had to ban slavery.
10 percent of voters.
What did the state have to do?
What was the Radical Republicans' Plan. (Wade-Davis Bill)
The Wade-Davis Bill said that 50 percent of the white males in a state had to swear loyalty to the Union and a state constitutional convention could be held. only white males who swore they were never against the Union could vote for delegates for the constitutional convention. The convetion had to make a new state constitution banning slavery.
Much more harsh. Linconln's 10 percent plan on steroids.
What was new president Johnson's Plan?
The "Restoration" plan said that most Southerners would be given amnesty if they swore an oath to the Union. High-ranking Confederate officials and wealthy landowners could only be pardoned by applying personally to the president.
hmmm...
What was the Reconstruction Act?
The First Reconstruction Act called for the creation of new governments in the 10 southern states that had not ratified the Fourteenth Amendment.
Creation of something that has to do with the pres. and what he rules over and some unreasonable Southern states.
What was the Freedman's Bureau?
The Freedman's Bureau was a part of the army that worked solely on freeing enslaved people.
Freed-Man
FREED MAN!!!
What is the 13th Amendment?
The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery in all parts of the United States.
Poor unlucky fellows, glad we did Something for them.
What is the 14th Amendment?
The Fourteenth Amendment grants full citizenship to all individuals born in the United States. It also says that no state could take away a citizen's life, liberty, and property "without due process of law," and that every citizen was entitled to "equal protection of the laws."
Good thing they gave those unlucky people a place in the world, now they are a part of US. and something else
What is the 15th Amendment?
The Fifteenth Amendment prohibits the state and federal governments from denying the right to vote to any male citizen because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Now everyone can take part in the Government...
What was the Supreme Court Case Plessy v. Ferguson about, and what did the court decide?
Plessy v. Ferguson: - It involved a Louisiana law requiring segregation on trains.
- The Supreme Court said that segregation was legal as long as African Americans had access to public accomodations and facilities equal to whites.
Help them, segregation isn't fun.
Lincoln's Assasination
Lincoln's Assasination:
by: John Wilkes Booth
at: Ford's Theatre
where: seat 16
why: Booth was an actor there and a Confederate sympathizer, so he shot Lincoln in the back of the head. Booth jumped from the balcony, broke his leg, and was sent to jail. (last part?)
----easy----
black codes
laws aimed to control feed men and women to enable plantation owners to exploit African American workers. They couldn't own or rent farms. They also couldn't be found unemployed in some states or they would be arrested and forced to work for whites so they could "pay their fines."
Poor things, what a racist series of codes.
Johnson's impeachment
He was impeached because he suspended Edwin Stanton without approval of the Senate. When Senate wouldn't approve, Johnson removed Stanton from office, which was a violation of the Tenure of Office Act. He also appointed some generals the Radicals opposed as commanders of Southern military districts.
Firings and violations and commmanders. OH MY!
Carpet baggers
Republicans that were leaders during Reconstruction.
Something to do with leaders and republicans...
Scalawags
Southern whites that supported Republican policy through out Reconstruction.
THE SOUTHERN TRAITORS!!!
African Americans in politics
They could vote. They usually were for Republicans. They usually didn't control the government. Hiram Revels: African American Senator.
Blanche K. Bruce: ditto
What, you EXPECT me TO KNOW A HINT TO GIVE you!!! YEah right.
What was Lincoln's 10 percent plan?
The 10 percent plan is when 10 percent of the voters of a state had to swear loyalty to the Union, the state could form a new government and adopt a new constitution that had to ban slavery.
10 percent of voters.
What did the state have to do?
What was the Radical Republicans' Plan. (Wade-Davis Bill)
The Wade-Davis Bill said that 50 percent of the white males in a state had to swear loyalty to the Union and a state constitutional convention could be held. only white males who swore they were never against the Union could vote for delegates for the constitutional convention. The convetion had to make a new state constitution banning slavery.
Much more harsh. Linconln's 10 percent plan on steroids.
What was new president Johnson's Plan?
The "Restoration" plan said that most Southerners would be given amnesty if they swore an oath to the Union. High-ranking Confederate officials and wealthy landowners could only be pardoned by applying personally to the president.
hmmm...
What was the Reconstruction Act?
The First Reconstruction Act called for the creation of new governments in the 10 southern states that had not ratified the Fourteenth Amendment.
Creation of something that has to do with the pres. and what he rules over and some unreasonable Southern states.
What was the Freedman's Bureau?
The Freedman's Bureau was a part of the army that worked solely on freeing enslaved people.
Freed-Man
FREED MAN!!!
What is the 13th Amendment?
The thirteenth amendment abolished slavery in all parts of the United States.
Poor unlucky fellows, glad we did Something for them.
What is the 14th Amendment?
The Fourteenth Amendment grants full citizenship to all individuals born in the United States. It also says that no state could take away a citizen's life, liberty, and property "without due process of law," and that every citizen was entitled to "equal protection of the laws."
Good thing they gave those unlucky people a place in the world, now they are a part of US. and something else
What is the 15th Amendment?
The Fifteenth Amendment prohibits the state and federal governments from denying the right to vote to any male citizen because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Now everyone can take part in the Government...
What was the Supreme Court Case Plessy v. Ferguson about, and what did the court decide?
Plessy v. Ferguson: - It involved a Louisiana law requiring segregation on trains.
- The Supreme Court said that segregation was legal as long as African Americans had access to public accomodations and facilities equal to whites.
Help them, segregation isn't fun.
Lincoln's Assasination
Lincoln's Assasination:
by: John Wilkes Booth
at: Ford's Theatre
where: seat 16
why: Booth was an actor there and a Confederate sympathizer, so he shot Lincoln in the back of the head. Booth jumped from the balcony, broke his leg, and was sent to jail. (last part?)
----easy----
black codes
laws aimed to control feed men and women to enable plantation owners to exploit African American workers. They couldn't own or rent farms. They also couldn't be found unemployed in some states or they would be arrested and forced to work for whites so they could "pay their fines."
Poor things, what a racist series of codes.
Johnson's impeachment
He was impeached because he suspended Edwin Stanton without approval of the Senate. When Senate wouldn't approve, Johnson removed Stanton from office, which was a violation of the Tenure of Office Act. He also appointed some generals the Radicals opposed as commanders of Southern military districts.
Firings and violations and commmanders. OH MY!
Carpet baggers
Republicans that were leaders during Reconstruction.
Something to do with leaders and republicans...
Scalawags
Southern whites that supported Republican policy through out Reconstruction.
THE SOUTHERN TRAITORS!!!
African Americans in politics
They could vote. They usually were for Republicans. They usually didn't control the government. Hiram Revels: African American Senator.
Blanche K. Bruce: ditto
What, you EXPECT me TO KNOW A HINT TO GIVE you!!! YEah right.
Compromise of 1877
favored the south
(The new government) They would give more aid to the region and withdraw all remaining troops from the South. The Democrats would then promise to maintain African Americans' Rights.
Good for everyone. Especially the south.
KKK
Formed in 1876
white men that would put African Americans in there place, or so they believed. They would burn African Americans' homes, churches, and schools. They also commited murder. They tried to keep African Americans from voting.
Use general knowledge and previous knowledge.
Jim Crow laws
Laws that enforced segregation of races in Southern states.
very racial laws.
Segregation
the separation of races
think, Jim Crow laws
Reconstructon Era---> Civil Rights Movement of 1960's
HOW??
The government tried to get Southern support with the Wade-Davis Bill, the Ten Percent Plan, and others. With so much support, it was easier to pass amendments to support the African Americans. The Freedman's Bureau helped free African Americans that were enslaved. The Black Codes aroused objections and debate which helped provoke the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
You gotta do this one on your own.
What are the 3 colonial regions?
New England: British colonies
Parliament, upper Americas

Southern: hand, manual labor,
agricultural, slaves, towards the South

Middle: towards the middle, bread basket, wheat, indigo, rice, bread
George Washington
Great general, 1st president, against political parties
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independance, established the Democratic Republican party, made Louisiana Purchase
import
products coming in
export
products being shipped out
Declaration of Independance
Americas breaking away from Great Britain, becoming an independant nation
Branches of Government
Legislative
Executive
Judicial
Constitution
"We the people...", lays out a blueprint for the government
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution. Many people wouldn't agree without a Bill of Rights.
1st Amendment
Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Press, Freedom of Expression, and Freedom of Assembly.
Amendment 2
The right to bear arms.
Amendment 3
No quartering of soldiers. (unwillingly)
Amendment 4
No Unreasonable searches or seizures without a warrant
Amendment 5
No double jeapordy
Can't take away life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
No one has to be a witness against themselves
Right to an attorney
Amendment 6
Fair and speedy trial
Right to have witnesses
Amendment 7
Right to a trial by jury
Amendment 8
No cruel or unusual punishment
No excessive bail
Amendment 9
These rights shall not be denied or changed by the government or anyone else.
Amendment 10
Any rights not stated in the constitution are not forbidden.
Amendment 18
Liquor abolished
Amendment 19
woman's suffrage
Amendment 21
liquor abolishment repealed
Amendment 26
voting age set to 18
Political Parties
Democratic-Republicans: Thomas Jefferson

Federalist:
Alexander Hamilton
Louisiana Purchase
From who: Napolean Bonaparte
(the French)
Cost: 15 million dollars
Why: it was a good deal and they wanted access to foreign territory
Lewis and Clark
Brothers sent to explore the new land. They traveled and learned about geography and native people.
War of 1812
Between: USA and Britain
Winner: No one
Significant
Events: The Battle of New Orleans, Jackson a war hero
The Revolutionary War
Between: USA and Britain
Winner: USA
Significant
Events:
First Industrial Revolution
Changes in technology
inventions:
Eli Whitney
He invented the cotton gin.
Canals and Steamboats
Canals were man made waterways. Steamboats were more efficient boats that traveled faster and worked off of
Sectionalism
partiality of some particular place
Andrew Jackson
Old Hickory, great war general, once our president, war hero of the War of 1812, first president elected from the Democratic party, wanted the government to be more representative.
Indian Territory/ Trail of Tears
Cherokees forced to move from their homes to a specified territory in Oklahoma. It was a very cold, long, and difficult walk. Many people died. Andrew Jackson's wish.
Secede: what is it, why, who?
to secede is to break away. The South wanted to secede from the Union and become an independent nation, because of differences in opinions and beliefs.
Abolish
to get rid of
Oregon Country
A region that was claimed by United States, Great Britain, France, Russia, and Spain. France, Russia, and Spain removed their claims. Great Britain and the United States decieded upon the 49th parallel at a convention. Great Britain and the US had a joint occupation of the land west of the Rockies.
Reasons people moved West
To expand and grow. Manifest destiny.
North v. South: Characteristics
North: industrial, more advanced, larger population, crummy generals, fighting on home land.

South: Great generals, smaller population, less industry, more agriculture, fighting on foreign territory
Fredrick Douglas
An African American abolitionist. The editor for the North Star (an abolitionist paper).
Harriet Tubman
Most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad. She never lost anyone.
Underground Railroad
a vast network of people who helped fugitive slaves escape to the North and to Canada. They would sometimes hide in other peoples' homes. Usually that of the Quakers.
Civil War: when, between who, surrender location, winner
when: 1861-1865

between who: the North and South

surrender location: the Appotamox Courthouse

winner: the North
Abraham Lincoln: accomplishments, Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation: all slaves within rebellious states shall be freed. African American men could join the army and Navy.
Gettysburg Address: Dedicated the battlesfeild to soldiers who died in Gettysburg
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America.
Robert E. Lee
General of the South, a highly respected commander.
Ulysses S. Grant
18th president of the US. Famous war General for the North.
Battle of Gettysburg
Union Victory the bloodiest battle of the war
Battle of Antietam
The bloodiest single day battle in American history. Union Victory.
Industrial Revolution of the Late 1800's Project Topics
???Ask Mr. Stewart???
Thomas J. Jackson
Stonewall Jackson, just sat like a "Stone wall" (a general)
Harriet Tubman
Most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad. She never lost anyone.
Underground Railroad
a vast network of people who helped fugitive slaves escape to the North and to Canada. They would sometimes hide in other peoples' homes. Usually that of the Quakers.
Civil War: when, between who, surrender location, winner
when: 1861-1865

between who: the North and South

surrender location: the Appotamox Courthouse

winner: the North
Abraham Lincoln: accomplishments, Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation: all slaves within rebellious states shall be freed. African American men could join the army and Navy.
Gettysburg Address: Dedicated the battlesfeild to soldiers who died in Gettysburg
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America.
Robert E. Lee
General of the South, a highly respected commander.
Ulysses S. Grant
18th president of the US. Famous war General for the North.
Battle of Gettysburg
Union Victory the bloodiest battle of the war
Battle of Antietam
The bloodiest single day battle in American history. Union Victory.
Industrial Revolution of the Late 1800's Project Topics
???Ask Mr. Stewart???
Thomas J. Jackson
Stonewall Jackson, just sat like a "Stone wall" (a general)