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27 Cards in this Set

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what is crossing over?
happens in prophase 1 of meiosis, homologous chromosomes break and exchange segments, genetic recombination is the result
Mitosis in humans usually results in formation of?
2 deploid cells
what does diploid mean?
cells have both cromosomes as a pair of cromosomes and body of a somatic cell
What does haploid mean?
Cells with one of the chromosomes from the pairs of chromosomes, gametes, sex cells, egg or sperm.
A region of attachment for two sister chromides is the?
contromere
gametes are also called?
sex cells
gametes have one of each what?
chromosome type
The spindal apparatus helps move chromosomes during ______?
mitosis
a somatic cell having 2 of each type of chromsome has an _____ chromosome number?
diploid
after mitosis, the chromosome number of a daughter cell is _____ the parents cell?
the same as
Glycolysis starts and ends ine the?
cytoplasm
an mRNA molecule is produced by ________.
transcription
DNA contains many differnt genes that aree transcribed into diiferent __________.
mRNA's, tRNA's, and rRNA's
Aerobic resperation is completed in the?
Aerobic resperation is completed in the?
Aerobic resperation is completed in the?
midochondrion
Anarobic breakdown of cluecose is called?
Glycolosis
chemiosmosis in the mitocondria produces?
ATP
The final electron acceptor is cellular resperation is?
Oxygen
How are hydrogen ions moved from inner compartments in the inner compartments during cemeosmosis
ACtive Transport
What is the totla ATP produced in cellular resperation?
36
A type of RNA that binds in a specific amino acid is called?
tRNA
The RNA that is a part of the ribosome is called the
rRNA
the process of converting the message of mRNA into the sequence of amino acids is called?
translation
What are 3 types of mutation?
1. Insertion
2. Deletions
3. Base pair substitutions
add energy through ATP, like blowing up a balloon
ACtive Transport
power house
Mitocondria
eukeriotic
protists, plants, and animals