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50 Cards in this Set

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film treatment
description of film in narrative (story) form as if the writer were seeing the film
shooting script
shot-by-shot description of the film with action/camera direction down one side, sound direction down the other; written breakdown of movie story into its individual shots, often containing mechanical instructions. Used by director and staff to film
storyboard
a series of sketched that lays out the set-ups of the shot. Pre-visualization techique; shots sketched in advanced like a comic strip. Drawing of each shot in the script identifying kind, angle, briefdescription and length in seconds of the shot.
frame
Dividing line between the edges of teh screen image and the enclosing darkness; single photograph from the filmstrip (using a writing metaphor, the frame is "a word.")
shot
Basic unit of film structure; an unbroken strip of film made by an uninterrupted running of the camera. (Using a writing metaphor, the shot is "a sentence")
sequence (scene):
Number of interrelated shots unified with common concern, location, etc.; action takes place in a single space at a single time. The film's smallest dramatic unit. (Using a writing metaphor, the sequence/scene is "a paragraph")
establishing shot
L.S. (long shot) or E.L.S. (extra long shot) giving the setting and context of the action. OFTEN at the beginning of a film and /or many scenes.
long shot
Audience's view of ara within the proscenium arch of the live theater. (what the director wants you (the audience) to see as if you were viewing a stage play)
medium shot
Relatively close shot, revealing figure/person from knees or waist up.
close shot
Head shot; detailed view of person or object
low angle
Filmed from below (camera low and shooting up)
high angle
Filmed from above (camera high shooting down)
one shot (two, three)
one figure in the shot. Usually at a medium distance.
underexposure
insufficent light enters the camera aperture; dark images
overexposure
too much light enters camera aperture; bleach out images
fast or unercranked
film speed runs slower that normal 24 fps to make action run faster
slow or overcranked
film speed run faster than normal 24 fps to make action run slower
rack focus
blurring. focusing viewer's eye to travel in-focus areas of the frame. It is used to get YOUR attention on what the director wants you to see by blurring unimportant images and keeping the important image infocus
angle
camera angle of view relative to subject. Low shot from below; Tilt (oblique) angle shot by fixed, tiled camera creating a diagonal.
pan
fixed camera revolves horiontally from left to right or vice versa
dolly
moving/mounted camera follows action; may be on tracks for smoother movement
boom
crane; mounted camera/cinematographer moves any direction through space.
zoom
fixed camera; entire scene magnified equally often pluging viewer in or out of scene rapidly as focal length of lens is changed.
cut
simple break where two shots are joined together. Jump cut is a abrupt transition between shots; sometimes dilibrate, disorienting in terms of continuity of space and time. Crosscutting: cutting back and forth between two or more separate scenes suggesting simultaneity and eventual convergence of the actions
fade
gradual darkening of the image until it becomes black or gradual brightening of a darkened image until it becomes visable. gains proper brightness
dissolve
simulataneously fading out on a oneshot while fading in on the next so the first shot gradually disappears as the second appears; during the dissolve; two shot will be briefly superimposed
iris
used as a major transition in silent film; a masking device is placed over the camera lens will gradually open (iris in) or close (iris out) to widen or narrow the field of view.
wipe/filip wipe
somewhat dated transition in which second shot appears to push/pull the first shot off the screen
matches
transitions within a scene to provide continuity of action
freeze frame
single frame is reprinted a number of times on the filmstrip;when projected, it gives the illusion of a still photograph
synchronous sound
image and sound correspond
MOS
without sound; images without sound
dialogue
the spoken lines
voice over narration
nonsynronous, spoken commentary, often used to convey a character's thoughts and memories
sound effects
aural atmosphere; sounds added to provide realism
music
musical score written by the film's composer; functions as commentary on action, directs audience's attention to specific characters or details; info about action and it establishes mood
three point light
standard lighting setup referring to the dominant sources of illumination
credits
who produced, directed, acted and peformed jobs of film's crew and contributors
rushes/dailies
selected footage of previous day's shooting
outtakes
shots, pieces of film not used in final cut
Rough cut
crudely edited footage before editor tightens up the slackness between shots; rough draft
key light
chief, directional light souces above front side and rear
back light
minor light used to light the space between the back of the set and actors, creates the illusion of deptrh
diffraction
the bending of waves as they pass through, by, or around a barrier
interference
the wave interation in which waves occupy the same space (they overlap)
dispersion
when waves bend less when frequency increases or wavelength decreases when changing the medium
pitch
how high or low a sound wave is, determined by its frequency (in hertz)
compression
the process by which a wave travels through a medium, causing molecules to be closer together
interference
when 2 waves interact and occupy the same space
ultrasonic
frequency of sound waves above detection by human being