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30 Cards in this Set

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the joining of two separate shots
straight cut
one image instantaneously replaces another
contrast cut
combines two dissimilar images
parallel cut
presents two actions happening simultaneously (aka cross cut)
jump cut
a break in continuity that leaves a gap in the action
form cut
a cut from one object to another that is similarly shaped
reaction shot
a shot that cuts away from the central action to show a character's reaction to it
technique for beginning a scene where an image gradually appears on a blackened screen, finally brightening into a full visibility
the opposite of fade-in
the gradual replacement of one shot by another
form dissolve
a dissolve that merges two image with the same shape
transition where one image appears to wipe the preceding image off the screen
iris shot
shot in which a circular, lens-masking device contracts or expands to isolate or reveal an area of the frame
continuity editing
assembling shots so they follow each other smoothly and without interruption; preserves the illusion of an ongoing narrative
as used by Russian director Eisenstein, a form of editing that relies on the visual conflict of images. In Hollywood film, the montage is often used to convey the passage of time
key light
the main source of light on a set
fill light
secondary light that illuminates the subject from the side or that lights areas not lit by the key light
back light
light directed at camera from behind subject; produces a silhouette or halo effect
high-key lighting
bright and even lighting with few shadows; used for comedies and musicals
low-key lighting
diffused shadows and nighttime effect; good for film noir and horror
actual sound
comes from a source within the film (aka diegetic sound)
commentative sound
comes from a source outside the physical setting of the action (aka nondiegetic sound) the most common example of this is background music
adding sound to a film after it is shot
voice over
off-camera narration or commentary
sound track
the sound component of any film; its visual equivalent is the image track
image and sound are match; sound comes from an identifiable source within the film frame
sound does not proceed directly from the film image; sound and image are related symbolically
sound or dialogue that carries over from one scene to the next or anticipates the new scene by starting at the end of the previous one
French term meaning the staging of production; in film, the combined effect of the set, lighting, costumes, makeup, and positioning of actors within the frame
subjective camera
technique in which the viewer stands in for the character, experiencing what the character would have experienced