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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Trope
trope: figure of speech based on ideas
scheme
figure of speech based on sound patterns
simile
simile: stated comparison between differing objects, using like or as
metaphor
metaphor: implied comparison between differing objects without like or as
personification
personification: attributing characteristics of higher life to lower life or to non-life
irony
irony: consists of meaning the opposite of what one says or of having the outcome the opposite of what was expected
paradox
paradox: apparent or seeming contradiction
hyperbole
hyperbole: gross exaggeration of the truth for effect
understatement
understatement: minimizing of the truth for efect
apostrophe
addressing someone absent as if present; dead as if alive, or addressing non-life as if living
metonomy
metonomy: substituion of the symbol for the idea symbolized
synecdoche
synecdoche: using the part for the whole or the whole for the part
alliteration
alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds in a series
assonance
assonance: repetition of internal vowel sounds in a series
consonance
consonance is the repetition of ending consonants in a series
onomatopoeia
onomatopoeia: means that the sound suits the sense of the word
homeric (epic) simile
homeric (epic) simile: a longer, more ornate comparison beginning with just and completed by a comparison beginning with so
dramatic irony
dramatic irony: irony that occurs when the audience or the reader knows more than the character
tonal irony
tonal irony: depending on the tone used
verbal irony
verbal irony: irony depending upon word usage
situational irony
situational irony: depending upon an unexpected outcome