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82 Cards in this Set

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allegory
a narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning b/c its events, actions, characters, settings, and obj. represent specific abstractions or ideas
Aside
a speech directed to the audience that supposedly is not heard by the other characters on stage
assonance
the repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same
alliteration
the repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable
antihero
a protagonist who has the opposite of most of the traditional attributues of a hero.
archetype
a term used to describe universal symbols that evoke deep and sometimes unconcious responses in a reader
apostrophe
an address, either to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker or to sth nonhuman that cannot comprehend
Ballad
a ballad is a song transmitte orally from generation to generation that tells a story and that eventuallly is written down. often dramatic, condensed and imperosnal narratives
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
closest to the natural rhythms of english speech
chorus
in greek tragedies a group of people who serve mainly as commentators on the characters
climax
the moment of greatest emotional tension in a narrative and often marks the turning point
connotation
associations and implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word
consonance
a common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds ex. home, same: worth, breath
couplet
two consectutive lines of peotry that usually rhyme and have the same meter.
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
diction
a writier's choice of words, phrases, sentence structures, and figurative language, which combine to help create meaning
figures of speech
ways of using language that deviate form the literal dontative meanings of words in order to suggest additional meaning or effects.
foil
a character in a work whose behavior and valuse contrast with thsoe of antoher character in order to highlight the distinctive temperament of that character
foot
the metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured. usually consists of one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables
iambic foot
consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
foreshadowing
the introduction early in a story of verbal and dramatic hints that suggest what is to come later
free verse
also called open form poetry, it refers to peoms characterized by the nonconformity to established patters of meter, rhyme, and stanza
hamartia
Aristotoel-"some error or frailty" that brings misfortune for a tragic hero.
similar to a tragic flaw
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence that leads a protagonist to disregard a divine warning or to violate an important moral law
hyperbole
a boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis w/out intending to be literally true
iambic pentameter
a metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line
imagery
the representation through language of a sense experience
irony
a literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true
verbal irony
a figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing but means the opposite sarcasm
dramatic irony
creates a discrepancy between what a character believes or says and what the reader or audience member knows to be true
tragic irony
is a form of dramatic irony found in tragedies
situational irony
when there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control
cosmic irony
discrepency exists between what a charcater aspires to be true and what universal forces provide
metaphor
a FOS that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using "like" or "as"
meter
when a rhythmic pattern of stresses recurs in a poem
onomatopoeia
a term referring to the use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes
oxymoron
a condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together
paradox
a statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense
persona
literally means mask, in lit. persona is a speaker created by a writer to tell a story or to speak in a poem
personification
a form of metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things
plot
an author's selection and arrangement of incidents in a story to shape the action and give the story a praticular focus
point of view
who tells us a story and how it is told, narrator
protagonist
the maincharacter of a narrative; its central character who engages the reader's interest and empathy
quatrain
a four-lined stanza. are the most common stanzaic form in the english language
rhyme
the repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the end of lines
tragic irony
is a form of dramatic irony found in tragedies
situational irony
when there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control
cosmic irony
discrepency exists between what a charcater aspires to be true and what universal forces provide
metaphor
a FOS that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using "like" or "as"
meter
when a rhythmic pattern of stresses recurs in a poem
onomatopoeia
a term referring to the use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes
oxymoron
a condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together
paradox
a statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense
persona
literally means mask, in lit. persona is a speaker created by a writer to tell a story or to speak in a poem
personification
a form of metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things
plot
an author's selection and arrangement of incidents in a story to shape the action and give the story a praticular focus
point of view
who tells us a story and how it is told, narrator
protagonist
the maincharacter of a narrative; its central character who engages the reader's interest and empathy
quatrain
a four-lined stanza. are the most common stanzaic form in the english language
rhyme
the repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the end of lines
rhythm
a term used to refer to the recurrence of stressed ans unstressed sounds in poetry
scansion
the process of measureing the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line
soliloquy
a dramatic convention by means of which a character, alone onstage, utters his or her thoughts aloud.
Petrarchian (Italian) Sonnet
divided into an octave and sestet, the octave has a abbaabba rhyme scheme and the sestet has varying schemes
Shakespearean (English) sonnet
three quatrains and a couplet
abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme
couplet introduces new idea does not follow previous idea
symbol
a person, object, image, word, or even tthat evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than the literal sig.
theme
the central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work
thesis
the central idea of an essay
tone
the author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style
tragedy
a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves w/ dignity that reveals breadth and depth of the human spirit int he face of failure, defeat, and even death. recount an individual's downfall
tragic flaw
an error or defect in the tragic hero that elad to his downnfall, such as greed, pride, or ambition
rhythm
a term used to refer to the recurrence of stressed ans unstressed sounds in poetry
scansion
the process of measureing the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line
soliloquy
a dramatic convention by means of which a character, alone onstage, utters his or her thoughts aloud.
Petrarchian (Italian) Sonnet
divided into an octave and sestet, the octave has a abbaabba rhyme scheme and the sestet has varying schemes
Shakespearean (English) sonnet
three quatrains and a couplet
abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme
couplet introduces new idea does not follow previous idea
symbol
a person, object, image, word, or even tthat evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than the literal sig.
theme
the central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work
thesis
the central idea of an essay
tone
the author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style
tragedy
a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves w/ dignity that reveals breadth and depth of the human spirit int he face of failure, defeat, and even death. recount an individual's downfall
tragic flaw
an error or defect in the tragic hero that elad to his downnfall, such as greed, pride, or ambition