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15 Cards in this Set

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Feudalism
a system of rights and duties in which political power was exercised locally by private individuals rather than through the beueacucracy of a centralized state.
(1) a personal element
called lordship or vassalage, by which one nobleman, the vassal, became the follower of a stronger nobleman, the lord
(2) a property element
called the fief or benefice (usually land), which the vassal received from his lord to enable him to fulfill the obligations of being a vassal
(3) a governmental element
the private exercise of governmental functions over vassals and fiefs
subinfeudation
parceling out large portions of fiefs to lesser nobles
homage
a ceremony
suzerain
another term for homage
oath of fealty
the vassal swore to remain true to the lord
investiture
where something was handed to the vassal as a sighn of his jurisdiction over the fief
aids
special money payments
manorialism
the great estates held by the nobles
demesne
the land reserved for the lord's use alone
steward
general overseer
bailiff
SUPERVISE the cultivation of demesne, COLLECT rents, dues and fines, and INSPECT the work done by the peasents
reeve
"foreman" of the villagers chosen by them and representing their interests