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203 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cervico
neck or cervix
colpo
vagino
vagina (sheath)
episio
vulvo
vulva (covering)
gyneco
woman
hystero
metro
utero
uterus
lacto
milk
masto
mammo
breast
meno
menstruation
obstetro
midwife
oophoro
ovario
ovary
ovi
ovo
egg
pelvi
pelvic cavity
salpingo
uterine (fallopian) tube
toco
labor or birth
arche
beginning
uterus
womb; pear-shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo develops
fundus
upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
endometrium
lining of the uterus that is shed approximately every 28-30 days in the non pregnant female during menstruation
myometrium
muscular wall of the uterus
uterine or fallopian tubes
tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage from ova to the uterus
adnexa
uterine tubes and ovaries (uterine appendages)
right uterine appendage
left uterine appendage
right tube and ovary
left tube and ovary
ovary
one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
cervix
neck of the uterus
cervical os
openng of the cervix to the uterus
vagina
tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
vulva
external genitalia of the female
labia
folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal openng known as the labia majora and labia minora
clitoris
female erectile tissue situated in the anterior portion of the vulva
hymen
fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrace to the vagina
introitus
entrance to the vagina
Bartholin Glands
two glands located on either side of the vaginal openng that secrete a lubricant during intercourse
perineum
region between the vulva and anus
mammary glands
two glands of the female breasts capable of producing milk
mammary papilla
nipple
areola
dark pigmented area around the nipple
embryo
developing organism from fertilization to the end of the eight week
fetus
developing organism from the ninth week to birth
placenta
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy that provides nourishment for the fetus (placenta = cake)
amnion
innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus filled with amniotic fluid
amniotic fluid
fluid within the amnion that surrounds and protects the fetus
meconium
intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools in the newborn
amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
anovulation
absence of ovulation
dysmenorrhea
painful menstraution
dyspareunia
painful intercourse
leukorrhea
abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge
menorrhagia
excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation
metrorrhagia
bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation
oligomenorrhea
scanty menstrual period
oligo-ovulation
irregular ovulation
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
congenital anomalies
birth defects causing the abnormal development of a female organ or structure
dermoid cyst
congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue more commonly found in an ovary; it is usually benign
displacement of uterus
displacement of the uterus from it's normal position
anteflexion
abnormal forward bending of the uterus
retroflexion
abnormal backward bending of the uterus
retroversion
backward turn of the whole uterus - also called tipped uterus
endometriosis
condition of characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
endometritis
inflammation of the endometrium
fibroid
fibromyoma
leiomyoma
benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue
fistula
abnormal passage such as from one hollow organ to another
rectovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum
vesicovaginal fisula
abnormal openng between the bladder and vagina
cervical neoplasia
abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

cervical dysplasia
potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue of the cervix; graded according to the extent of abnormal cell formation:
CIN 1 mild dysplasia
CIN 2 moderate dysplasia
CIN 3 severe dysplasia
carcinoma in situ of the cervix
malignant cell change of the cervix that are localized without any spread to adjacent structures
menopause
cessation of menstrual periods owing to a lack of ovarian hormones
oophoritis
inflammation of one or both ovaries
parovarian cyst
cyst of the fallopian tube
pelvic adhesions
scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity as a result of endometriosis, infection, or injury
pelvic inflammatory disease
inflammation of organs i nthe pelvic caity usually including the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium - most often caused by bacteria
pelvic floor relaxation
relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
cystocele
pouching of the bladder into the vagina
rectocele
pouching of the rectum into the vagina
enterocele
pouching sac or peritoneum between the vagin and rectum
urethrocele
pouching of the urethra into the vagina
prolapse
descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal
salpingitis
inflammation of a fallopian tube
chlamydia
most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America. often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread such as to cause PID
gonorrhea
contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus
syphilis
infectious disease caused by a spirochete transmitted b direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifested first on the skin with the appearance of small, painlss red papules hat erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
hepatitis B virus
virus that causes an inflammation of the liver as result of tranmission through any body fluid including vaginal secretions, semen and blood
herpes simplex vius type 2
virus that causes ulcer-like lesion of the genital and anorectal skin ad mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
human papilloma virus
condyloma acuminatum
pl, condylomata acuminata
virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals; on the skin, the lesions appear as cauliflower like warts, and on the mucous membranes they have flat appearance.
vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina with redness, sweling, and irritation - often caused by a specific organism, such as Candida (yeast) or Trichomonas (sexually transmited parasite)
atrophic vaginitis
thinning of the vagina and loss of moisture owing to depletion of estrogen, which causes inflammation of tissue
vaginosis
infection of the vagina with little or no inflammation characterized by a milk like discharge and an unpleasant odor - also known as nonspecific vaginitis
adenocarcinoma of the breast
malignant tumor of glandular breast tissue
amastia
absence of a breast
fibrocystic breasts
benign condition of the breasts consisting of fibrous and cystic changes that render the tissue more dense; patient feels painful lumps that fluctuate in size during the menstrual cycle
gynecomastia
development of mammary glands in the male caused by altered hormone levels
hypermastia
macromastia
abnormally large breasts
hypomastia
miscromastia
unusually small breasts
mastitis
inflammation of the breast - most common in women when breast feeding
polymastia
presence of more than two breasts
polythelia
supernumerary nipples
presence of more than one nipple on a breast
stereotactic breast
use x ray or ultrasound imaging a specialized sterotactic frame and a computer to calculate precisely locate and direct a needle into a breast lesion for the removal of a core speciment for biopsy
sentinel node breast Bx
biopsy of the senitel node in a breast with early cancer to determine metastases and if no maliganancy is found avoid the xtensive removl of axillary nodes that causes lymphedema includes radionuclide imaging to locate the sentinel node
hysteroscopy
use of a hysteroscope to exaine the intrauterine cavity for assesment of abnormalities
Panicolaou smear
study of cells collected from the cervix to screen for cancer and other abnormalities
hysterosalpingogram
transvaginal sonographic image made as strile saline is injected into the uterus; sed to assess uterine pathology or determine tubal pathology or determine tubal patency also known as sonohysterogram
transabdominal sonogram
ultrasound image of the lower abdomen including the bladder, uterus, tubes, and ovaries to detect conditions such as cysts and tumors
adhesiolysis
adhesiotomy
breaking down or severing of pelvic adhesions
cervical conizatin
removal of a cone shaped portion of the cervix
colporrhaphy
suture to repair the vagina
anterior repair
repair of a cystocele
posterior repair
repair of a rectocele
A&P repair
anterior and posterior repair of a cystocele and rectocele
cryosurgery
method of destroying tissue by freezing used for treating dysplasia and early cancers
culdocentesis
aspiration of fluid from the cul de sac used for diagnosing ectopic pregnancy and PID
dilation and curettage
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, obtain tissue for biopsy or remove polyps or products of conception
hysterectomy
removal of the uterus
abdominal hysterectomy
removal of the uterus through an incision in the abdomen
vaginal hysterectomy
removal of the uerus through the vagina
total hysterectomy
removal of the uterus and cervix
laparoscopy
surgical procedures within the abdominal or pelvic region using a laparoscope
loop electrosurgical excision procedure
large loop excision of the transformation zone
use of electrosurgical or radio waves transformed through a loop cnfigured electrosurgical devie through a loop configured electrosurgical device to treat precancerous lesions by simultaneous excisional bopsy and treatment of affected tissue
myomectomy
excision of fibroid tumors
oophorectomy
excision of an ovary
ovarian cystectomy
excision of an ovarian cyst
salpingectomy
excision of a uterine tube
bilateral salpingo oophorectomy
excision of both uterine tubes and ovaries
salpingotomy
incision into a fallopian tube often perfomed to remove an ectopic pregnancy
salpingostomy
creation of an opening in the fallopian tube to open a blockage
tubal ligation
sterlization of a woman by cutting and tying the uterine tubes
simple mastectomy
removal of an entire breast wit underlying muscle and axillary lymph nodes left intact
radical mastectomy
removal of an entire breast underlying chest muscles and axilary lymph nodes
modified radical mastectomy
removal of entire breast and acillary lymph nodes
mammoplasty
surgical reconstruction of a breast
augmentation mammoplasty
reconstruction to enlarge the breast, often by insertion of an implant
reduction mammoplasty
reconstruction to remove excessive breast tissue
mastopexy
elevation of pendulous breast tissue
hormonal contraceptives
hormones used to precent conception by suppressing ovulation
contraceptive injection
injection of a hormone such as Depo Provera into the body
contraceptive implant
insertion of a contraceptive capsule under the skin taht provides a continual infusion over an extended time
barrier contraceptives
products that provide a physical barrier that prevents contraception
intrauterine device
contraceptive device inserted into the uterus that prevents implantation of the fertlized egg
spermicidals
creams, jellies, lotions or forms containing agents tha kill sperm
uterine fibroid embolization
catheter guided injection of embolic agents into the arteries supplying blood to fibroid tumors, bocking circulation and causing shrinkage minimally invasie procedure performed by a vasuclar and intercentinal radiologist in a angiographic labratory
gravida
pregnant woman
nulligravida
having never been pregnant
primigravida
first pregnancy
para
to bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable offspring
nullipara
a woman who has not borne a child
primipara
first delivery
multipara
woman who has given birth to two or more children
cervical effacement
progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
estimated date of confinement
expected date for delivery of the baby- normally 280 days or 40 weeks from conception
meconium staining
presence of meconium in amniotic fluid
ruptured membranes
rupture of the amniotic sac; usually at the onset of labor
macrosomia
large bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies
polyhydramnios
excessive amniotic fluid
spontaneous abortion
miscarriagel expulsion of products of conception occuring naturally
habitual abortion
spontaneous abortion occuring in three or more consecutive pregnancies
gravida
pregnant woman
nulligravida
having never been pregnant
primigravida
first pregnancy
para
to bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable offspring
nullipara
a woman who has not borne a child
primipara
first delivery
multipara
woman who has given birth to two or more children
cervical effacement
progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
estimated date of confinement
expected date for delivery of the baby- normally 280 days or 40 weeks from conception
meconium staining
presence of meconium in amniotic fluid
ruptured membranes
rupture of the amniotic sac; usually at the onset of labor
macrosomia
large bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies
polyhydramnios
excessive amniotic fluid
spontaneous abortion
miscarriagel expulsion of products of conception occuring naturally
habitual abortion
spontaneous abortion occuring in three or more consecutive pregnancies
chorionic villus sampling
sampling of placental tissue for miscroscopic and chemical examination to detect fetal abnormalities
amniocentesis
aspiration of a small amount of amniotic fluid for analysis of possible fetal abnormalities
fetal monitoring
use of an electronic device for simultaneous recording of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions
pelvimetry
obstetrical measurement of the pelvis to evaluate proper conditions for vaginal delivery
pregnancy test
test performed on urine or blood to detect the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin hormone that indicates pregnancy
endovaginal sonogram
ransvaginal sonogram
ultrasound images of the uterus, tubes, and ovaries made after introduction of an ultrasonic transducer with the vagina - useful in detecting pathology
obstetrical sonogram
ultrasound image of the prenant uterus to determine fetal development
cesarean section
surgical delivery of a baby by making an incision through the abdoment and into the uterus
episiotomy
incision of the perineum to facilitate delivery
amnioinfusion
introduction of a solution into the amniotic sac most commonly an isotonic solution used to relieve fetal destress
therapeutic abortion
abortion induced by mechanical means or by drugs for medical consideration
version
manual method reversing the position of the fetus, usually done to facilitate delivery
external version
abdominal manipulation
internal version
intravaginal manipulation
abortifacient
drug that causes abortion
oxytocin
hormone secreted by the piuitary gland that causes myometrial contraction used for induction of labor
Rh immune globulin
immunizing agent given to an Rh negative mother within 72 hours after delivering an Rh positive baby to suppress the Rh immune response
tocolytic agent
drug used to stop labor contractions
gravida
pregnant woman
nulligravida
having never been pregnant
primigravida
first pregnancy
para
to bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable offspring
nullipara
a woman who has not borne a child
primipara
first delivery
multipara
woman who has given birth to two or more children
cervical effacement
progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
estimated date of confinement
expected date for delivery of the baby- normally 280 days or 40 weeks from conception
meconium staining
presence of meconium in amniotic fluid
ruptured membranes
rupture of the amniotic sac; usually at the onset of labor
macrosomia
large bodied baby commonly seen in diabetic pregnancies
polyhydramnios
excessive amniotic fluid
spontaneous abortion
miscarriagel expulsion of products of conception occuring naturally
habitual abortion
spontaneous abortion occuring in three or more consecutive pregnancies