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8 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
List three ligaments that hold ovary in place in pelvic cavity
Broad ligament attaches ovary, tubes and uterus to sides/floor of pelvic cavity. Suspensory ligament attaches ovary at upper end and has blood vessels and nerves. Ovarian ligament attaches ovary at lower end.
Structure of ovary
Cortex is bumpy bc of follicles. Medulla contains blood vessels, nerves and lymphatic vessels.
What do the cells of the corpus luteum secrete?
Progesterone and estrogen
What are the female reproductive accessory organs?
Uterine tubes, oviducts, uterus, vagina
Where does fertilization normally occur?
Upper third of uterine tube called ampulla.
Layers of uterus, inner to outer
Endometrium (vascular/glandular), myometrium (muscle layer), perimetrium (outer connective layer)
Hormonal control of female reproductive functions
Hypothalamus secretes GnRH. GnRH stims anterior pituitary to secrete FSH & LH. They act on ovary to mature follicles, ovulate, and secrete estrogen and progesterone. They prevent oversecretion of GnRH, FSH and LH
Two phases of menstruation
Folkicular phase: variable length; luteal phase: usually fixed 14 days