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136 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cervic/o
neck or cervix
colp/o or vagin/o
vagina (sheath)
episi/o or vulv/o
vulva (covering)
gynec/o
woman
hyster/o metr/o or uter/o
uterus
lact/o
milk
mast/o or mamm/o
breast
men/o
menstruation
obstetr/o
midwife
oophor/o or ovari/o
ovaries
ovi/o or ov/o
egg
pelv/i
pelvic cavity
salping/o
fallopian tube
toc/o
labor or birth
-arche
beginning
uterus
womb; pear shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo develops
fundus
upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
endometrium
lining of the uterus that is shed approximately every 28-30 days in the nonpregnant female during menstruation
myometrium
muscular wall of the uterus
fallopian tube
tube extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus
adnexa
uterine tubes and ovaries
right and left uterine appendage
right tube and ovary; left tube and ovary
ovary
one of two glands loxated on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
cervix
neck of the uterus
cervical os
opening of the cervix to the uterus
vagina
tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
vulva
external genitalia of the female
labia
folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening known as the labia majora and labia minora
clitoris
female erectile tissue situated in the anterior portion of the vulva
hymen
fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrance to the vagina
introitus
entrance to the vagina
Bartholin glands
two glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete a lubricant during intercourse
perineum
region between the vulva and anus
mammary glands
two glands of the female breasts capable of producing milk
mammary papilla
nipple
areola
dark pigmented area around the nipple
embryo
developing organism from fertalization to the end of the eighth week
fetus
developing organism from the ninth week to birth
placenta
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy that provides nourishment for the fetus (placenta = cake)
amnion
innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus filled with amniotic fluid
amniotic fluid
fluid within the amnion that surrounds and protects the fetus
meconium
intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools in the newborn
amenorrhea
without menstruation
dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
dyspareunia
painful intercourse
leukorrhea
abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge
menorrhagia
excessive bleeding at the time of menustration
metrorrhagia
bleeding from the uterus any time other than menustration
oligomenorrhea
scanty menstrual period
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
congenital anomalies
birth defects causing the abnormal development of a female organ or structure
dermoid cyst
congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue more commonly found in ovary; it is usually benign
displacement of the uterus
displacement of the uterus from it's normal position
endometriosis
condition characterized by migration of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
endometritis
inflammation of the endometrium
leiomyoma
benign tumor in the uterus comosed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue
fistula
abnormal passage such as from one hollow organ to another (fistula = pipe)
rectovaginal fistula
opening between the vagina and rectum
vesicovaginal fistula
opening between the bladder and the vagina
cervical neoplasia
abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
carcinoma in situ of the cervix
malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized without any spread to adjacent structures
menopause
cessation of menstrual periods owing to a lack of ovarian hormones
oophoritis
inflammation of one or both ovaries
parovarian cyst
cyst of the fallopian tube
pelvic adhesions
scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity as a result of endometriosis, infection or injury
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
inflammation of the organs in the pelvic cavity usually including the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium; most often caused by bacteria
pelvic floor relaxation
relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
cystocele
pouching of the bladder into the vagina
rectocele
pouching of the rectum into the vagina
enterocele
pouching of the peritonium between the vagina and rectum
urethrocele
pouching of the urethra into the vagina
prolapse
descent of the uterus into the vaginal canal
salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tube
adenocarcinoma of the breast
malignant tumor of the glandular breast tissue
amastia
absence of a breast
fibrocystic breasts
benign condition of the breasts consisting of fibrous and cystic changes that render the tissue more dense; patient feels painful lumps that fluctuate in size during menstrual cycle
gynecomastia
condition of mammary glands in the male, caused by altered hormone levels
hypermastia or macromastia
abnormally large breasts
hypomastia or micromastia
unusually small breasts
mastitis
inflammation of the breast; most common in breast feeding
polymastia
presence of more than two breasts
polythelia or supernumerary nipples
presence of more than one nipple on the breast
colposcopy
examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
hysteroscopy
examination of the uterus
Papanicolaou smear (pap)
study of cells collected from the cervix to screen for cancer and other abnormalities
hysterosalpingogram
x-ray of the fallopian tubes after a contrast medium has been injected
mammogram
x-ray of breast tissue
adhesiolysis or adhesiotomy
breaking down or severing of pelvic adhesion
cervical conization
removal of cone shaped portion of the cervix
colporrhaphy
suture to repair the vagina
cryosurgery
surgery using freezing to destroy tissue
culdocentesis
aspiration of the cul de sac
dilation and curettage (D&C)
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, obtain tissue for biopsy or remove polyps or products of conception
myomectomy
removal of leiomyoma
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes
tubal ligation
sterilization of a woman by cutting and tying (ligating) the uterine tubes
mastectomy
removal of a breast
augmenation mammoplasty
breast enlargement
reduction mammoplasty
reconstuction to remove excessive breast tissue
mastopexy
elevation of pendulous breast tissue
uterine fibroid embolization
catheter guided injection of embolic agents into the arteries supplying blood to leiomyoma tissue, blocking circulation and causing shrinkage
gravida
pregnant woman
nulligravida
having never been pregnant
primigravida
first pregnancy
para
to bear; a woman who has produced one or more viable offspring
nullipara
a woman who has not borne a child
primipara
first delivery
multipara
woman who has given birth to two or more children
cervical effacement
progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
ruptured membranes
rupture of the amniotic sac
macrosomia
large bodied baby
polyhydramnios
excessive amniotic fluid
spontaneous abortion (SAB)
natural expulsion of products of conception; miscarriage
habitual abortion
three or more spontaneous abortions consecutively
incomplete abortion
incomplete expulsion of products of conception
missed abortion
death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death
threatened abortion
bleeding with threat of miscarriage
cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
conditions preventing normal delivery through the birth canal
eclampsia
true toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma
pregnancy induced hypertension
toxemia caused by pregnancy symptoms: puffy face, same as eclampsia without convulsions or coma
ectopic pregnancy
implatation of a fertilized egg other than the uterine wall
erythroblastosis fatalis
condition that is brought on from incompatability of mother and fetal blood
placenta previa
displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity
abruptio placentae
premature displacement of a normally situated placenta
chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
sampling of placental tissue for microscopic and chemical examination to detect fetal abnormalities
amniocentisis
aspirating aminiotic fluid for analysis of possible fetal abnormalities
obstetrical sonogram
ultrasound image of the pregnant uterus to determine fetal development
episiotomy
incision into the perineum to facilitate birth
version; external version; internal version
manual method reversing the position of the fetus, usually done to facilitate birth; abdominal manipulation, intravaginal manipulation
oxytocin
hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that causes myometrical contraction
tocolytic agent
agent that stops labor contractions
CPD
CephalPelvic Disproportion
D&C
Dilation & Curretage
GYN
Gynecology
PID
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
TAB
Therapeutic ABortion