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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gibbons V. Ogden(1824)
Case established the principle that congress has sole authority over interstate commerce.
Unfunded Mandates
Federal lawas that required states to meet certian regulatory standards, but providdes no money to help states comply. Congress enacted a law in 1995 to curtail the practice.
Concurrent Powers
Those powers which are exercised independently by both the national and state government. Those powers shared by both levels of government, I.E., state and nation.
(ex: Power to tax, power to borrow and power to regulate commerce with in their own borders. Both the federal and state government colaborate with each other with in many geographic spheres.)
Expressed Powers
Those delagated powers of the national governtment that are given to it in so many words by the U.S. constitution; also sometimes called the "enumerated powers"
A systerm of government which allocated powers between nation and state government. "Federalism" and "federal system" are used inter changeably. Both national and state government exercisd power over the same geographical area.
New Federalism
President Ronald Reagans effort to restore to state government responsibility for making and implenting policies.
Supremacy Clause
Clause that states that "the constitution, and the law of the United states... shall be the surpreme law of the land"
Block Grants
Federal grants to the state and local communities that are for general use in a broad area, such as community development.
Enumerated Powers
ARe powers that are granted specifically to the three branches of the federal government under the constitution. synonomous with delagated powers and expresses powers.
Reserved Powers
Powers retained by the states, as dictated by the 10th admendment.
Delegated Powers
Powers which are granted to, and exercised ONLY by the national government. The delegated powers are specifically listed in the U.S. constitution at articles 1,2,3. The delegated powers are also known as expressed powers.
McCulloch V. Maryland(1819)
An important 1819 supremem court case in which cheif justice John Marshall's ruling established the key concept of implied powers, broad constuction of the constitution, and the national supremecy.
Unitary System
A system of government in which power is concentrated in the central government.
Implied Powers
Pwer of national government that flow from it's enumerated powers and the "elastic clause" of the constitution.
Dual Federalism
The belief of having seperate and equally politcal levels of government is the best arrangement. It is a concept of the govenment understand which the surpremem court saw itselfas a referee between two compelling power center-the states and federal government each with it's own respnsibility.
Categorical Grants
Federal grants to states and local communities that are earmarked for specific purposes only, such as pollution control, schools, or hospitals. Also known as grants-in-aid.
The instuctions or commands a constituen gives to it's elected officials concerning policies.
Federal funds provided to states and localities grants in aid are typically provided for airports, highways, education, and major welfare services.