Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Warts
Smallpox
Chickenpox
Shingles
Rubeola
Rubella
Herpectic Whitlow
Fifth disease
Roseola
What are the names of the viral diseases of the skin?
Warts
What viral disease is caused by Human Papillomavirus?
Warts
Common and benign ( may be associated with cancer )

Transmission: direct contact
direct contact
How do you get HPV?
Variola
What is the genus name for Smallpox?
Variola
Name the genus.

Has been declared irradicated.

Pathology: high fever, chills, convulsive seisures in children -> vomiting -> stupor -> coma

feel better -> sore throat and skin lesions (macular -> papular -> vesiclar -> pustular) Other symptoms return. Pustules rupture leaving pitted scars (pox).
Respiratory route
How was Variola (smallpox) transmitted?
Varicella-zoster
What is the genus name for chicken pox?
Chickenpox
Fever, headache, malaise -> Enters bloodstream -> localizes in peripheral nerves and skin -> forms vesicles, itch and break open yielding infectious virus laden vessels.
Reyes syndrome
Encephalitis
Pneumonia
Damage to blood vessels
What are the complications to chickenpox?
Varicella-zoster
(chickenpox)
Virus remains latent in dorsal root ganglion.

Years later, physical or psychological stress activates the virus Herpes zoster.
Shingles
AKA herpes zoster
shingles
similar to chickenpox but more localized.
(waist, face, upper chest, back)
Headache, fever, and pain.
Respiratory droplets and skin lesions
How is shingles transmitted?
vaccine
What is the prevention for shingles?
measles
What is the common name of the disease, rubeola?
morbillivirus
What is the genus name of the virus that causes measles?
Rubeola
Measles (CN)
Morbillovirus
Name disease.
Name common name.
Name genus or organism.

Contact w/respiratory droplets and/or conjunctiva of the eyes (highly contagious)

koplic spots (red patches with white centers along the gum line) -> characteristic red skin rash (starts at the hairline spreads down)(T-cell reaction)
Middle ear infection
Pneumonia
SSPE (subacute sclerosing panencephalitis)
Brain damage may be fatal
What are some complications of rubeola?
MMR (measles-mumps-rubella)
WHat is the prevention for rubeola?
German measles
What is the common name for rubella?
Rubivirus
What is the name of the virus that causes rubella?
Respiratory droplets and nasal secretions -> often subclinical or rash, and fever.
What is the pathology and transmission of rubella?
Congenital rubella - virus crosses to fetus - deafness
Cataracts
heart defects
mental-retardation
stillbirth
WHat are some complications with rubella?
Herpesvirus
Name the genus or organism that causes cold sores and fever blisters?
Herpes simplex type 1
Causes episodic infections (latency)

Oral contact with saliva (kissing: utensils) contact with skin lesions, stools, urine, etc. Initial infections: subclinical or lesions on oral mucosa (tongue, gums, inner checks), mouth, lips, face -> latent in ganglia of facial nerves (life long carrier)-> Trauma (uv light, fever, hormonal changes associated with menstrual cycle, emotional strain and upset) Can trigger an outbreak.
Herpectic Whitlow
Infections on fingers caused by contact with HSV-1.
Fifth disease
caused by human parvovirus B19

produces flu-like symptoms and facial rash

slap face or slap cheek
Human parvovirus
Name the virus that causes fifth disease.
Roseola
caused by Human herpesvirus 6

causes a high fever and rash, lasting 1-2 days.
Human herpesvirus 6
Name the virus that causes roseola?