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65 Cards in this Set

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Cryptococcus
What type of disease does Cryptococcus cause?
fungi
What type of organism is Cryptococcus?
Cryptococcus
Name the genus that causes Cryptococcus.
Cryptococcus
Soil saprophyte.
Yeast form only.
Symptoms of Cryptococcus
chronic meninges
Name the disease.

Lungs -> Blood stream -> Brain and meninges ( ______ _________) Headache and vomiting -> CNS involvement -> Fatal w/in 3 years.
Also can cause cutaneous lesions.
Inhalation of spores
How is Cryptococcus transmitted?
Bacterial infections of the heart and lymphatic system.
Endocarditis
Pericarditis
Tularemia
Brucellosis
Anthrax
Gangrene
Bubonic plague
Pneumonic Plague
Lyme disease
Epidemic Typhus
Epidemic Murine Typhus
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Endocarditis
Name the disease.

Inflammation of the endocardium. (inner layer of the heart: Lines the heart muscle itself and covers the heart valves).
Streptococcus
What organism cause Subacute bacterial endocarditis?
bacteria
What type of organism causes Endocarditis?
Staphylococcus
What genus or organism cause Acute bacterial Endocarditis?
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the sac areound the heart.
Streptococcus
What genus causes Pericarditis?
Tularemia
What disease is caused by the genus or organism, Fanciscella?
Fanciscella
Name the genus that causes Tularemia?
bacteria
What type of organism causes Tularemia?
Transmission of Tularemia
Name the disease associated with this.
Tick bites, direct contact with infected animals, inhalation, eating infected meant. Tick bites (deer flies, Rabbit lice)
Symptoms of Tularemia

abscesses
Skin ulcer -> Lymph nodes enlarge -> septicemia -> pneumonia -> __________ throughout the body.
Bite
How would Ulceroglandular Tularemia be transmitted?
Inhalation
How would Pneumonic Tularemia be transmitted?
Contaminated meat
How would Typhoid Tularemia be transmitted?
Eye
How would Oculogladular Tularemia be transmitted?
Undulant fever
What is the C.N. of Brucellosis?
Brucellosis
What does the organism, Brucella, cause?
Brucella
Name the genus that causes Brucellosis?
Brucellosis
Name disease

Sym. & signs
Fever, chills, profuse sweating, headache, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the spleen and liver); enlarged lymph nodes.
Complication of Brucellosis
Meningitis and Encephalitis
Absecesses in: testes, ovaries, kidney or brain.
Consumption of dairy products, undercooked meat, cattle secretions or excretions in cuts or eyes.
How is Brucellosis transmitted?
Anthrax
What disease is caused by the genus, Bacillus?
Cattle
Who or what is most likely to get Anthrax?
Cutaneous
Gastrointestinal
Inhalational
what are the 3 types of anthrax?
Cutaneous Anthrax
Endospores enter through minor cut. 20% mortality
Ingestion of undercooked meat. 50% mortality
How is Gastrointestinal Anthrax transmitted?
Inhalational Anthrax
What tpe of Anthrax is involved with Inhalation of endospores. Approaches 100% mortality
Gangrene
Anaerobic cellulitis (localized) and myonecrosis

Interupted blood supply to tissue (Ischemia) -> anaerobic environment -> grows in deep tissues.

NAME DISEASE.
Gas Gangrene
What is Gangrene also known as?
Clostridium
What organism or genus causes Gas Gangrene?
Gangrene
What disease does Clostridium cause?
Gas Gangrene
Intense pain and swelling at wound site, foul ODOR, tissues become red -> green -> blue-black.
Black death
What is the common name for Bubonic Plague?
Bubonic Plague
The genus, Yersina, causes what disease?
Yersina
What is the genus name or organism that causes Bubonic Plague?
Sylvatic plague
Rodent pathogen (Zoonosis), Western ground squirrels nost common reseviors in the US.

Name which plague it is.
Septicemia plague
What type of plague has to do with septic shock?
flea
How is the Septicemia plague transmitted?
swelling
What does BUBO mean?
Septicemia plague
Bacteria enter blood stream (multiply in the monocytes) -> lymph nodes -> fever and dark purple spots (hemorrhages)-> fatal within 10 days.
Pneumonic Plague
Bacteria carried by blood to lungs.
Highly contagious
Human to human contact

What type of plague?
inhalation or droplet route
How is Pneumonic Plague transmitted?
Rat control
Vaccine availble to high risk personnel and military
How is the Plague prevented?
Lyme disease
What disease is caused by the genus, Borrelia?
Borrelia
Lyme disease is caused by what genus or organism?
tick bite
How is Lyme disease transmitted?
Lyme disease
Borrelia
Erythema Chronicum Migrans

Name disease.
Name genus.
Lyme disease
Complications

Arthritis
Neurologic (destruction of myelin sheath) and cardiac involvement.
Epidemic Typhus
Epidemic Murine Typhus
Rocky mountain spotted fever
What does the genus, Rickettsia cause? (2)
Rickettsia
Name the genus that causes Epidemic Typhus?
Lice (human)
How is Epidemic Typhus transmitted?
Epidemic Typhus
Feces of louse rubbed into bite wound by scratching -> High prolonged fever -> Rash-> (subcutaneous hemorrhage) on the trunk; extremities -> frightful dreams, hallucinations, and delirium. Even death if untreated.
Epidemic Murine Typhus
Symptoms are similar to epidemic typhus. Less severe

Vector: Rat flea, not lice
Flea
What is the vector or how is Epidemic Murine Typhus transmitted?
Rickettsia
What is the genus name that causes the disease, Rocky mountain Spotted fever?
Rocky mountain Spotted fever
Measles-like rash except that the rash appears on palms and soles of the feet.

Name disease.
Rocky mountain Spotted fever
Ticks -> high fever; skin rash (pink spots= macules) -> papules fuse to form Macropapular rash

Name disease.
Protective clothing
Insect repellent
Vaccine
What are some ways that Rocky mountain Spotted fever could be prevented?