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56 Cards in this Set

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Pertussis
What disease is caused by the genus, Bordetella?
Whooping cough
What is the common name for Pertussis?
Bordetella
What is the genus name for the disease, Pertussis?
Pertussis
Name disease.

Attaches to ciliated epithelial cells of trachea and bronchi by means of pili -> produces both endo and exotoxin. Used to be a childhood disease, but now is found in adults.
Pertussis
Catarrhal stage
Name disease.
Name stage.

Symptoms similiar to common cold, sneezing, hacking nocturnal cough. Loss of appetite, listlessness. HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS AT THIS STAGE.
Pertussis
Paroxysmal stage
Name disease.
Name stage.

Bacteria grow in the trachea and bronchi -> causes production of thick tenacious mucus (impedes ciliary action) -> severe spasmodic and reccurrent (Episodic) cough in an attempt to expel this material. (Gasping for air btwn coughs causes "whoop" sound") vomiting is common -> patient is left exshausted and anoxic (short of oxygen)
Pertussis
Convalescent stage
Name diseae.
Name stage.

Coughing subsides, even a mild upper respiratory infection may cause a relapse.
Pertussis (complications)
Physical trauma from violent coughing may cause -> conjunctival hemorrhage, detached retina (may result in blindness), rectal prolapse; hernia.
Direct:Droplet transmission

Indirect: Contaminated linen and bedding
How can you get Pertussis?
DPT or DTaP
P for pertussis
How can you prevent from getting pertussis?
acellular
What does the "a" in DTaP stand for?
Tuberculosis
Name the disease that is caused by Mycobacterium?
Mycobacterium
Name the genus that causes Tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis
Disease is resistant to sunlight, antiseptics, and disinfectants. Survive 6-8 months in dry septum.
Tubercle
word for walling off lesions
caseous
ghon

Tuberculosis
Tubercle MAY undergo necrosis -> _______ lesions -> _______ lesion heals to form ______ complexes (scar formation and calcification seen on chest X-ray.)

_______ lesions may rupture -> spread to blood and lymph -> weight loss, coughing, loss of vigor.

Name the overall disease.
Ghon complexes
scar formation and calcification seen on chest X-ray
Miliary Tuberculosis/Consumption
Caseous lesions may rupture -> spread to blood and lymph -> weight loss, coughing, loss of vigor. What is this disease called in this form?
Droplet route (respiratory)
How can someone get Tuberculosis?
Vaccine (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin)
How can Tuberculosis be prevented?
Pneumococcal Pneumonia
genus: streptococcus

Fever of 102-105'F, shaking chills, chest pain, difficulty breathing, cough up blood tinged sputum.

trans: Respiratory secretions

prevention: vaccine
strep.
What is the organism that causes Pneumococcal Pneumonia?
Respiratory secretions
How is Pneumococcal Pneumonia transmitted?
Vaccine
Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
Pneumovax
How can Pneumococcal Pneumonia be prevented?
Strep.
What organism causes Group A Streptococcal Pneumonia?
Klebsiella Pneumonia
What disease is caused by the genus, Klebsiella?
Klebsiella Pneumonia
Male alcolics over 40 years of age are most at risk of getting this disease.
Respiratory route and nosocomial infections
How is Klebsiella Pneumonia transmitted?
Serratia pneumonia
Disease involved with operation seaspray; Increased Pneumonia and UTIs at Stanford university.

What disease?
Serratia pneumonia
What disease is caused by the genus, Serratia?
Legionnaires' Disease
What is another name for Legionellosis?
Legionella
What genus or organism causes the disease, Legionellosis?
Legionellosis
Previous unknown bacteria

Members of the American Legion meeting in Philedelphia. 182 contracted pneumonia and 29 died.
Legionellosis
Some unusual symptoms of this disease:

temporary amnesia
fever as high as 105'F
Legionellosis
Complications include:

Delirium
Arrhythmias
Acute respiratory failure
renal failure
Fatal shock
Person to person - uncommon

Inhalation: Organism found in water (able to live in waterbourne protozoa)
How is Legionellosis transmitted? (2)
Pontiac Fever
Milder form of Legionellosis
Legionella
What genus causes Pontiac Fever?
Haemophilus Pneumonia
What disease is caused by the organism, Haemophilus?
Haemophilus Pneumonia
Name disease.

Complications:
Meningitis in children
Obstructive epiglottis
Atypical pneumonia
No bacterial agent isolated -> viral agent suspected. This a not typical kind of pneumonia.
Mycoplasmal pneumonia
What disease is caused by Mycoplasma?
Mycoplasma
Name the genus that causes Mycoplasmal pneumonia.
Walking pneumonia
What is the common name for Mycoplasmal pneumonia?
Mycoplasma
Smallest free-living cellular organisms, lack cell walls: allows passage through small filters
Fever
Fatigue
Dry hacking cough
What are the symptoms for Mycoplasmal Pneumonia?
Psittacosis
What is another name for Ornithosis?
Psittacosis
What is the disease that is caused by the genus, Chlamydia?
Chlamydia
Name the genus that causes the disease, Psittacosis?
atypical
What type of pneumonia is Psittacosis?
Psittacosis in birds
Diarrhea
ruffled feathers
breathing problems
"droopy appearance"
Q Fever
What disease is caused by the genus, Coxiella?
Rickettsia
What type of organism is Coxiella?
Coxiella
Name the genus that causes Q (Query) Fever?
Endocarditis
Meningitis
Both very rare
What are some complications that can occur from Q fever?
Animal to animal by ticks, inhaling contaminated dust (tick or cattle feces), respiratory droplets, unpastuerized milk, tick bite to humans (rare)
What are some ways that Q fever can be transmitted?