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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A clinical technique, developed in Structural Family Therapy, whereby the therapist encourages the family to demonstrate in action a behavioral sequence that replicates their normal interactions or encourages the practice of a new type of interaction.
Enmeshing Family Systems
A pattern or typology which identifies a family system of diffuse internal boundaries (i.e., between individuals or subsystems) and often closed external boundaries.
A concept, defined by Boszormenyi-Nagy, which identifies a relational "credit" that family members may accumulate as a result of consideration offered to a parent or partner.
A concept from systems theory which defines the theoretical tendency of matter to move toward randomness or an undifferentiated state.
An area of philosophical thinking which describes the investigation of the origin and nature of knowledge, and how human beings know what they know.
Epistemological Error
A term used by Bateson to refer to any thinking or action which fails to recognize the circular nature of living systems.
A concept from systems theory which suggests that similar outcomes may result from different origins, in contrast to the traditional cause-and-effect explanation.
A concept from systems theory which defines the multiple possiblities of any event.
A concept that refers to the unique social and historical heritage of a group of persons and to their values, shared meanings and goals.
Exception to the Problem
A technique from Solution Focused Family Theory which directs family members to search past and present experiences when the presenting problem did not exist, and thereby discover previously ignored solutions or understand differing contexts.
A process described in Contextual Family Therapy where adult children, through understanding intergenerational family dynamics and the potential victimization that may have occurred from one generation to the next, learn to forgive one's parents for past negative interactions.
Externalization of the Problem
A technique from Narrative Family Therapy that encourages family members to view problems as separate from themselves and "oppressive" such that the member's relationship to the problem becomes the clinical problem.
Family Life Cycle
A concept from family theory which describes predictable patterns or cycles as a family progresses through developmental stages.
Family Map
A concept from Structural Family therapy which describes a visual and/or symbolic representation of a family system's organization and structure.
Family Myths
A concept in family systems which describes stereotyped patterns of relating and functioning that are usually accepted and adhered to by all of the family members.
Family of Origin
A concept which defines the family origins of one's birth (i.e., biological family).
Family of Origin Therapy
A clinical model, developed by Murray Bowen, which asserts that individuals and families should be understood in the context of their multiple generations and not as isolated individauals.
Family Projection Process
A concept, developed by Murray Bowen, which describes a process by which the levels of personal differentiation of the parents are passed on to their children.
Family Reconstruction
A clinical approach, developed by Virginia Satir, whereby family members are guided by the therapist back through stages of their lives in order to discover and unlock dysfunctional patterns from their past.
Family Rituals
A concept in family systems which describes overt and/or covert patterns of actions and behaviors that are invoked to denote shared traditions, events, and celebrations.
Family Rules
A family systems concept that describes shared norms and values which govern general patterns of family functioning.
Family Secrets
A concept from family systems which describes certian beliefs and attitudes, real or fantasized, which many be held privately by one family member, shared by others, or collusively subscribed to by all family members and passed from one generation to the next.
Feedback Loops
A concept from cybernetic theory which describes the process whereby the influence of any event comes back to itself through the other parts or events, and one point in a chain of events can reinitiate the entire chain of events.
Feminist Family Therapy
A model intended to assist the family therapist in recognizing the impact of differing gender role socialization for men and women, of the differences in each gender's access to economic and social resources, and the primary role that women have been socialized to perform in family relations and child rearing.
First-Order Change
A concept from systems theory that describes the process whereby changes in a system may leave unaltered the underlying (and potentially dysfunctional) organization of that system.
Folie A Deux
An early expression which meant "the madness of two." In family therapy it refers to a delusional system in which two family members, typically a marital dyad or a parent-child dyad, collude in such a way that it is not possible to detemine which of them is psychotic and which is not.
A concept from Family of Origin Therapy that describes the tendency of one family member to become so emotionally attached to another that one's own self-identity and personal boundaries become blurred with the other person.