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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
circular causality
The view that causality is nonlinear, occurring instead within a relationship context and through a network of interacting loops; any cause is thus seen as an effect of a prior cause, as in the interactions within families.
The belief that an individual’s knowledge of reality results from his or her subjective perceiving and subsequent constructing or inventing of the world, rather than resulting from how the world objectively exists.
The study of methods of feedback control within a system, especially the flow of information through feedback loops.
Used for teaching purposes.
A liaison, temporary or permanent, between two persons.
Abnormal or impaired in the ability to accommodate to or cope with stress.
ecosystemic approach
A perspective that goes beyond intrafamilial relationships to attend to the family’s relationships with larger systems (schools, courts, health care).
The study of the origin, nature, and methods, as well as the limits, of knowledge; thus, a framework for describing and conceptualizing what is being observed and experienced.
extended family
An enlarged and interpersonally complex family unit made up of a nuclear family (a married couple and their children) plus relatives (grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins) with consanguine ties.
family life cycle
The series of longitudinal stages or events that mark a family’s life, offering an organizing schema for viewing the family as a system proceeding through time.
The reinsertion into a system of the results of its past performance, as a method of controlling the system.
first-order cybernetics
A view from outside of the system of the feedback loops and homeostatic mechanisms that transpire within a system.
A male engaged with another male in a sexual relationship.
identified patient (IP)
The family member with the presenting symptom; thus, the person who initially seeks treatment or for whom treatment is sought.
Interactional, as between persons.
Within the mind or psyche; used especially in regard to conflicting forces.
A female engaged with another female in a sexual relationship.
linear causality
The view that a nonreciprocal relationship exists between events in a sequence, so that one event causes the next event, but not vice versa.
Properties or characteristics of a single individual.
narrative therapy
A postmodern therapeutic approach in which the therapist and family members co-construct new stories about their lives that encourage the possibility of new experiences.
nuclear family
A family composed of a husband, wife, and their offspring, living together as a family unit.
An intense, irrational fear of a harmless object or situation that the individual seeks to avoid.
A philosophical outlook rejecting the notion that there exists an objectively knowable universe discoverable by impartial science, and instead arguing that there are multiple views of reality ungoverned by universal laws.
A comprehensive theory of personality development and set of therapeutic techniques developed by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900s.
A disease concept derived from medicine, referring to the origins of abnormal behavior.
second-order cybernetics
A view of an observing system in which the therapist, rather than attempting to describe the system by being an outside observer, is part of what is being observed and treated.
single-parent-led family
A family led by a single custodial parent, most often a woman, due to divorce, death of a spouse, desertion, or never having married.
A linked family system created by the marriage of two persons, one or both of whom has been previously married, in which one or more children from the earlier marriage(s) live with the remarried couple.
A set of interacting units or component parts that together make up a whole arrangement or organization.
A three-person set of relationships.