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35 Cards in this Set

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the family system therapy
how are individuals best understood?
thru looking at their interactions with the entire family
symtoms are viewed as>
expression of dysfunction in family
what are the 3 uses of problematic behaviors?
serve a purpose in the family
show the familys inability to operate productively
symptomatic patterns handed down thru generations
what are the beliefs of family therapists?
an individuals affliations and interactions have more power
work with family to see how the individual acts in the system and see the types of interventions needed
what is fusion?
we as a family believe this - children are not independant and don't make their own choices. a person's level of differentiation is related to his parents.
differentiation - people with low levels are
how will they likely try to resolve stress?
more reactive to environmental stress

conflict, dysfunction, withdrawl, triangulation
what are boundaries?
boundaries cause fmailies to be
when rules become too rigid, familes become
unspoken rules that determine who talks to whom and what can be talked about
fused
disengaged
what can family dysfunction be caused by?
behavioral sequences that are too rough/rigid
pattern can cont until broken up
who started Structural family therapy
Munuchin
what is the focus on?
look at family interactions to understand structure and organization of the family
what are sytmptoms a by product of?
structural failings
what must occur before symptoms are reduced?
structural changes in the family
what kind of techniques are used?
active, directive, and well thought
what is the focus on?
how, when and to whom family members relate
overall what are the goals of structural family therapy?
reduce symptoms
structually change family system
what are the techniques of structural family therapy?
family mapping-draw map to id boundaries
enactments-reenact conflict situation that would happen at home
reframing- put new light or diff interpretation on the problem
joining-build alliance in family
family therapy key concepts
focuses on solving problems in the _
presenting problems are seen as _
therapy is _ and _
therapist designs plans to help_
change occurs when_
present
real and not a symptom of dysfunction
brief, solution oriented
change
when family follows therapists directions
Anger control in children and adolescents
what are the 3 diagnostic categories?
ODD- inappropriate levels of anger, defiance don't do it cuz they don't want to do it
CD-overt and covert antisocial bx- bedwetting, killing animals
ADHD- inappropriate levels of inattention, hyperactivity - don't do it bc they forgot or was distracted
what is the general focus of anger control training?
what does it teach?
control emotional and impulse responding and help with appropriate response to anger
arousal management skills and cognitive strategies to promote self control - when anger appropriate and when not
anger control training?
begin with a group orientation - same sex let them introduce themselves and explain rules
teach brief relaxation techniues - deep breaths and teach them cues of anger like red face role play to small stressors
what are the ABC's of anger?
antecedent - what gets u angry
triggers- beginnin of anger sequence
behavior- how do u know when u are angry
consequences- what happened
what are the 3 things therapists explain to refut aggressive behaviors?
that we all have beliefs about why ppl act the way they do towards us
ex both aggressive and nonaggressive ways to interpret situations
that interpreting in a nonaggressive way will help control anger
what are 5 assertion techniques?
ABEEF
alternative responses to anger
broken record- calm monotone repetition of what u want
empathetic assertion- sensitive listening to another
escalationing assertion- seq of respnses that increase assertion
fogging-used to short circuit s sggressive verbal confluct
self instruction techniques are used - which include?
use reminders - things we say to ourselves to guide behavior
move from overt to covert
thinking ahead - think before acting
self evaluation- give oneself feedback on how a situation was handled coping statements- made when self control failed
what does the end of the program include?
end with recap of elements
offer additional booster sessions if necessary
anger management
parent child interaction therapy
developed by eyeberg
designed for fmailies with young children 2-7 who have behavior, emotional, or developmental problems
includes play therapy
what are the key features?
uses direct coaching of parent-child interactions
intervention in preschool years
what are the goals of parent-child interaction?
establish warm and loving relationship bt parent and child
teach parent to give effective instructions and consistently cons equate bx
improvements will occur from above
what are the stages?
Stage 1 CDI
Stage 2 PDI
what is CDI
child directed interaction
est positive relationship bt parent and child - parent follows childs lead

parents taught non directive skills
parental warmth attention and praise appropriate prosocial play ignore undesirable bx
to master 50 decriptions, 15 praises, no critical comments
what is pdi
parent directed interaction
parent gives instructions
consistent consequences to bx
DRIP- describe, reflect, initiate, praise

teach parents behavior manangement skills
based on operant conditioning
parents trainined to provide consistent pos and neg consequences
therapist is a coach in parent-child interaction- what does therapist coach?
labeled praises - i like the way you are _
gentle corrections
directives
coach every parent verbalization
coach easier skills before hard ones
use humor
give more praise than criticism
parent management training founded by who
gerald patterson
behavior disorders are a result of _
coercive family processes
what is the goal of parent mangament training
modify interactions bt parent and child that are characterized by coercion and replace with interactions that enforce prosocial bx