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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lamanna & Riedmann define family
A family is any sexually expressive or parent-child or other kin relationship in which people, usually related by ancestry, marriage or adoption,Form an economic unit and care for any young,
Consider their identity to be significantly tied to the group, Commit to maintaining that group over time
theories used primarily to do?
Help us understand family situations
Explain behaviors
Predict likely outcomes (for family and family outcomes)
Ecological System Theory
Microsystem—daily context in which the individual lives
Mesosystem—connections between the daily contexts
Exosystem—Experiences outside of daily contexts that influence these contexts
Macrosystem—norms, values, ideologies of culture
Structure / Functional
states that Gender specialized development is optimal for the survival of the family and society
Men—instrumental tasks
Breadwinner, leadership, and decision making
Women—expressive tasks
Emotional, nurturing, childbearing
Less Conflict! It minimizes competition and ambiguity about who should fulfill what roles.
Family Systems Theory
The family is a system, and actions by one member affect everyone in the family
Sub-systems (Parent-Child, etc)
Families create boundaries around themselves and subsystems in order to establish roles for members and rules for family functioning
Systems tend toward equilibrium with the creation of these boundaries & are resistant to change
Disequilibrium (dysfunction) occurs when boundaries aren’t maintained
Families act to restore equilibrium by
Pushing members back to former positions
Changing relationships
Social Exchange Theory
exchange is regulated by norms of equity and that the pattern must be perceived as fair for the relationship to thrive
if it is NOT perceived as fair Change it
Convince of Equity
End it
Family Decline Perspective?
Cultural change is due to the self indulgences of the baby boom generation
Concern that the pursuit of self realization underlies the increase in divorce and unmarried parenthood and has undermined responsible parenting
Views changes in the age at first marriage, divorce, cohabitation, and nonmarital births and the decline in fertility as disastrous for the family
The Conservative Perspective
The breakdown of the two-parent, heterosexual nuclear family puts children and society at risk.
Parents are not invested in their children, which results in the moral and cultural weakening of society.
The Liberal Perspective
government-sponsored set of social services to meet the needs of family members.
Market economy w/ govn’t regulation
Promotion of job opportunities
Programs to eradicate poverty and poor health
In what ways do the Liberal and Conservative perspective disagree?
The Conservative places more of an emphasis on the dysfunction of family forms that differ from the nuclear.
Solutions aim to restore the nuclear family
The Liberal places more blame on the economy and the lack of support families face.
Solutions aim to provide govn’t services and economic changes to meet the needs of family members.
characteristics that we find attractive
Physical Characteristics
Personality Characteristics
Competence, Special Skills
Tangible Resources
Liking of, and agreement with, us
How does matching account for who we will choose in a relationship?
When given the choice, we will choose the date that matches our self-reported level of attractiveness, even if we know we could choose someone who is more/less attractive than us.
How does the evolutionary perspective account for attraction?
The Evolutionary Perspective believes that we find attractive those characteristics that indicate the potential for reproductive success with a person.
How does compatibility affect attraction?
We find attractive those characteristics that indicate a person is compatible with us.
What is propinquity?
How does it affect attraction?
Nearness in physical space
Exposure breeds liking
What was “Courtly” love?
Knights would attempt to win the favor of young women by performing courtship behaviors.
How is romantic love different today than it was in the past?
In the past, love was not the most important reason for marriage. Today, it is believed that love should exist before a couple gets married.
What is the definition of love?
…a deep and vital emotion that satisfies certain needs, combined with a caring for an acceptance of the beloved and resulting in an intimate relationship.
…a deep emotion that involves a caring for and acceptance of the beloved and significant need satisfaction, and that ideally results in an intimate relationship.
emotional interdependence
A relationship in which individuals retain a degree of autonomy and sense of self, yet simultaneously make strong commitments to each other.
What are the three basic components of love according to Sternberg?
Intimacy: warm, close connection
Passion: romance, attraction, sexuality
Short-term: decision that it is love
Long-term: commitment to maintain love
What develops first in Sternberg’s Triangular theory of Love?
What is not affected by time?
Passion develops most quickly and declines most over time.
Commitment is not as affected by the passage of time.
What are the three attachment styles?
Faith in partner, self-confidence, & sociability
Unsure of partner, worry they will leave, want to merge completely
Unsure of partner, detached, uncomfortable with closeness, fear of dependence
What are the three primary emotional systems according to the Evolutionary-Anthropological perspective?
The sex drive
Romantic love
What is commitment?
The intent to continue a relationship into the future.
How did Kelley compare love and commitment?
Love = positive feelings
Commitment = positive feelings + Constraints
What are the three determinants of commitment?
Rewards-Costs, relative to CL
Rewards-Costs, relative to CL for alternatives
Investment Size
What predicts whether abused spouses go back or leave?
Investments & alternatives
Lack of satisfaction
What is the difference between dating and courtship?
Dating is when two individuals engage in activities together.
Courtship is the process by which a commitment (to marriage) develops.
What are our pool of eligibles?
Those physically available to us
Those whom our culture approves of as potential partners.
the cultural requirement to marry within a particular group.
the cultural requirement to marry outside of a particular group.
What is the main belief of the compatibility theory?
A single dimension of the relationship, degree of compatibility, operates over the length of premarital relationship to influence mate choice.
What are the three stages of SVR?
Stimulus Stage
Interaction depends on physical attraction
Values Stage
Partners compare their physical values and determine whether these are appropriately matched
Role Compatibility
Prospective spouses test and negotiate how they will play their respective marital and leisure roles
What are some of the reasons for increases in rates of single adults?
More people putting off marriage until they are older
Economic changes make marriage less attractive
Improved contraception allows for sex outside of married relationship
Sex ratios affect odds of finding spouse
More positive attitudes about being single
US Census Bureau
any two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption residing together in one household
nuclear family
A husband, wife, and children in an independent household
Ecological Theory
focuses on the connections between the family and the environment
Family Development
relationships qualitatively change during transitions between stages
From the Structure / Functional Theory—when is a family considered dysfunctional?
When it has a detrimental effect on society (not meeting the 4 major functions of family)
Longitudinal Research Design
Advantage: can get at developmental change
Disadvantage: time consuming and expensive, attrition (drop out of subjects), can influence the way people act or answer questions
matching hypothesis
When given the chance, we choose a date that matches self reported level of attractiveness, regardless of whether or not they thought the date might reject them
Love in textbook
a deep and vital emotion resulting from significant need for satisfaction, coupled with a caring for and acceptance of the beloved, and resulting in an intimate relationship. Love may make the world go ‘round, but it’s a lot of work too
Love in class
A deep emotion (highest emphasis) that involves a caring for and acceptance (for who they are) of the beloved and significant need satisfaction (not selfless, we get our feelings met too), and that ideal results in an intimate relationship (which is the goal
When did Love become the basis for most marriages?
1500 to 1600 AD
the tendency to choose a mate with characteristics similar to our own
Interpersonal Process Theory
This theory states that compatibility and interaction create the nature of the relationship and shapes commitment.