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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Reciprocal determinism
in a social system such as a family every member can influence and be influenced by every other member in a continuous process
Linear cauality
suggests that one even causes antoher in a unidirectional fassion such as found in a stimulus-response situation. Simple, straighforward language (content) may explain what is occurring
Circular causality
suggets that there are forces moving in many directions at the same time so the influences and results impact each other resulting in a complex array of outcomes. This is considered the process.
Locus of pathology
family counseling views the locus of pathology not within the individual but with the social context of the individual, ordinarily the family
Life cycle of a family
a) leaving home
b) joining of families through marriage
c) accepting new members (babies) into the new system
d) famlies with adolescents increasing flexibility of family boundaries w/adolescents and aging grandparents
e)launching children
f) families in later life
Ludwig von Bertalanffy
proposed systems theory, in this view the organization and the interrelations of the parts are important-cirular thinking
Nathan Ackerman
is the principal proponent of psychodynamic family counseling- he believed in an interactive style, moving in the family's living space, stirring things up and acting as a catalyst for change
Psychodynmaic theory of fam coun.
the couple brings psychological heritage and resemblances from families of origin. They may bring introjects from parents or others. The family unit seeks homeostasis
are imprints or memories from parents or others (psychodynamic)
James Framo
also psychodynamic, believed the social context of a person's life helped shape behavior- human beings in childhood are object seeking if child is rejected this frustration is retained as an introject with will appear later- he often concludes therapy by doing conjoint (couples) therapy, followed by couples group therapy and then family of origin conferences.
Carl Whitaker
experiential family therapy, he actively joins the family paying close attention to what he himself is experiencing in the therapy- this is designed to challenge old ways of thinking and behaving on the way to new growth. Whitaker uses symbolism to help explain experiences which are often outside of our awareness or consciousness.
Virginia Satir
humanistic model of family counseling, human beings as well as families have the resources within themselves to flourish. Self-concept of individuals is important. The therapist acts as a teacher/trainer in regards to communication.
Satir believes that family members will adopt one of five different styles of communication:
placater, blamer,super-reasonable, irrelevant, and congruent communicator (healthy). Describes as process orientation thus also an experiential one
Murray Bowen
systems theory of family counseling, emphasized that the family as an emotional unit in the formation of dysfunction behavior in a family member-transgenerational
Eight theoretical concepts identified by Bowen:
1) Differentiation of self
2) Triangles
3) nuclear family emotional system
4) family projection process
5) emotional cutoff
6) multigenerational transmission process
7) sibling position
8) societal regression