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62 Cards in this Set

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Cotton dominates the towel and towelings amrket. What features account for this usage?
soft hand, high absorbancy, fast drying, and wickability
Terry toweling, which is also known as Turkish toweling, is manufactured by which one of the following techniques?
slack tension technique
Terry velour toweling has terry loops on one side. What distinguishes the other side?
sheared loops, high pile density, relatively low absorption
Looms are available for doing multiwidth weaving of toweling. What features identifies the advantages of this technique?
efficient and economical
Evaluations of the ability of toweling to absorb water may be measured in accordance to the procedures outlined in ASTM D 4772. What is the procedure?
The toweling is held taut at an angle of 60 degrees; 50 milliliters of water are allowed to flow onto the surface; the difference between the oroginal 50 milliliters of water and the number of milliliters of water in the runoff pan give the quantity of water absorbed.
Bath rugs and bath mats are subjected to the provision of 16 CFR 1631 Standard for the Surface Flammability of Small Carpets and Rugs. What is correct with respect to this standard?
Products that fail to conform with the acceptance criteria may be marketed but must carry a cautionary label
bleeding
Colorfastness problem encountered when water or cleaning agents causse dyestuffs to flow into the laundry solutionor onto other parts of an item.
bow
Distorted yarn alignment in woven fabric; filling yarns curve below straight crosswise grain.
char length
The distance of fabric damage produced by flame in standard flammability test methods.
crash
A plain-woven fabric composed of coarse, irregular yarns spun from linen; used in distowels for the lint-free drying of glassware.
crocking
Transfer of dyestuff as a result of rubbing.
dimensional stability
Ability of a textile to maintain size and shape after wear and care, especially after laundering.
Fade-Ometer
Apparatus used ine valuations of colorfastness to light.
gauge
Indicates the thickness of polymer film sheeting
huckaback
Toweling woven on a dobby loom; has small filling for increased absorption
Launder-Ometer
Apparatus used in evaluations of washfastness.
shade change
Fading of the original color characteristics
skewness
Distorted yarn alignment in woven fabric; filling yarns slant below straight corsswise grain.
slack tension technique
Fabrication in which weaving tension differes for base yarns and pile yarns; lower tension is used with the pile yarns
staining
Result of bleeding
wickability
Ability to move moisture along the fiber surface by capillary action
Staple spun yarns are used much more extensively than filament yarns in bedding products. Which features account for this usage?
spun yarns have softer hand and more pleasant visual features
Which one of the following is a generic term used for any fabric used to cover the exterior of mattresses?
ticking
Which category of bedding products is subject to a federal flammability standard?
mattresses and mattress pads
If the content of a filling is 80% down, with the remaining 20% a mixture of feathers and residue, what must be used on the label?
down
Which choices have nonallergenic fibers and features that would contribute most effectively and economically to thermal insulation?
a. hollow fibers, fiberfill that is bulky without undue weight
b. down, fill that is bulky without under weight
c. wool, resilient fibrous batt
a. hollow fibers, fiberfill that is bulky without undue weight
In today's sheetings market, the fiber composition of a "reverse blend" is
35 percent polyester and 65 percent cotton
Noncellulosic fibers have now captured some 41% of the blanketing market. This has largely been at the expense of what?
rayon, acetate, and wool
Which method of cleaning soiled electric blankets must be used?
laundering
backfilled
Application of sizing to fabrics having relatively low fabric counts; increases fabric weight but not quality
duplex printing
Fabric having identical or different design motifs on both sides of the fabric
duvet
Comforters filled with down
fill leakage
The migration or penetration of the filling material through the outercovering
futon
Fold-down beds having flexible mattresses
kapok
Natural cellulosic seed fiber used earlier as a filling material
loftiness
Characteristic of being bulky without undue weight
muslin
Sheeting composed of carded yarns and having fabric counts ranging from 112 to 140p
percale
Sheeting composed of fine, combed cotton yarns and having fabric counts ranging from 168 to 220
pinsonic melding
Simulated quilting in which a wide cylinder with raised designs is rolled over the multilayer structure while heat and sound waves seal the layers
sheet casings
Coverings that protect comforters and duvets from soil accumualtion and abrasion; their releasable closures permit their easy removal for laundering.
slabs
Three-dimensional structures composed of synthesized rubber or foamed polyurethane, used as filling for pillows, mattresses, and quilts
ticking
Generic name of fabric used as the exterior covering of mattresses; also the fabric name fo a twill-woven fabrfic having lengthwise blue or black stripes.
trapunto quilting
Has quilting stitches placed around a single motif in a pattern repeat; the interior of the quilted shape is then filled by inserting batting material through tiny slits cut in the backing fabric
tufting
Insertging pile yarns into an laready-formed base fabric; pile yarns are stabilized with adhesive or napping
Which of the following choices has fibers that may spolit and crack if repeatedly folded or flexed in the same position?
a. polyester, linen, hemp, wool
b. cotton, linen, sisal, acrylic
c. saran, ramie, polyester, silk
d. linen, ramie, sisal, hemp
d. linen, ramie, sisal, hemp
Which of the following has longer floats that may more readily be snagged?
a. double damask
b. single damask
a. double damask
When a manufacturer makes reference to the "cut size" of tablecloths and related items, what must appear in labeling?
the words "cut size" must be presented with the cut dimensions and the dimensions of the finished size must be stated
beetling
using large, wooden, hammer-like devices to flatten the cross-sections of yarns in fabrics composed of linen; increases reflection
double damask
Tablecloth fabric having relatively long floats; produced using 8 harnesses
extrusion
Forcing the polymer solution through the spinneret
linen
Bast fiber traditionally used in tabletop accessories
linens
General terms used earlier for household textile products composed of linen fiber; today's usage of the term is not governed by fiber composition.
momie cloth
Crepe-like fabric having irregular, pebbled surface; used for table coverings in institutional settings.
mussiness
Level or degree of wrinkling
napery
General terms used for tablecloths and napkins; use has diminished in commerce but still used in labeling rules and standards.
Nottingham lace
Machine-made lace used for curtains and doilies
raffia
Fiber obtained from the leaves of various species of palm trees.
silencers
Thick, flannel-like fabric used to lessen impact force and reduce noise when items are placed on tablecloths
single damask
Tablecloth fabric in which the warp yarns interlace with each fifth filling yarn.
soil release compounds
Agents used to make hydrophobic fibers more hydrophilic for stain removal
spunbonding
Fabrication technique in which filaments are stabilized into a fabric-liek form using heat and/or additiives
stitch-knitting
Also knoiwn as knit-sewing; used to secure layers of yarns; may develop runs.