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34 Cards in this Set

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Carpet styling having one level surface, a pile height from 5/8" to 3/4" and plied and heat set pile yarns is known as
saxony
Carpet style having one level pile and varied levels of light reflection created by looped and sheared tufts is known as
tip shear
Carpet style having one level pile, pile height of approximately 1.250", relatively high denier pile yarns, and relatively low pile constructiondensity is known as:
shag
What type of floor covering would be most appropriate for a nursing home?
a. scatter rugs
b. runners
c. carpet modules
d. area rugs
e. room-size rugs
c. carpet modules
A multilevel style having all of the higher loops cut, relatively high pile construction density, and somewhat formal appearance is known as:
sculptured
Carpet style having pile yarns with relatively low tpi's and a pile height from 5/8" to 3/4" is known as:
plush
Carpet style having relatively low denier pile yarns, pile height of approximately 0.25", and relatively high pile construction density is known as
velour
A multilevel pile having all of the higher loops cut, relatively high denier pile yarns, and relatively low pile construction density is known as
high-low
In order to have a stiffer pile yarn, which can help to keep tufts upright and aid texture retentions, would producers select
a. a high denier yarn
b. a low denier yarn
a. a high denier yarn
Which one of the following has extremely high abrasion resistance, helping to provide long term durability?
a. polyester
b. acrylic
c. wool
d. nylon
e. olefin
d. nylon
The predominant generic class of fibers used for face yarns in soft floor coverings is
nylon
Which body construction technique is used most often for the production of textile floor coverings?
tufting
What is the distinct advantage offered by tufting body construction in textile floor coverings?
high rate of production
The average denier of the predominant generic class of fibers used in face yarns has been changed in recent years. The average denier has been _____________ (increased/decreased) which means that the diameter of the fiber has ____________ increased/decreased
decreased

decreased
denier
Direct yarn number system; gives weight per unit of length measurement of a fiber or yarn
face yarns
Yarns in the pile portion of a fabric or floor covering
pile yarn integrity
Ability of pile yarns to retain their original level of twist
tufting
Fabrication technique in which pile yarns are inserted into a preformed base fabric
yarn splay
Untwisting of yarns, resulting in a loss of tuft definition
denier
Direct yarn number system; gives weight per unit of length measurement of a fiber or yarn.
broadloom
Carpet produced 54 or more inches wide
frieze
Name assigned to pile floor covering surfaces composed of yarns of maximum twist.
high-low
Name given to some multi-level cut and loop carpet surface textures; the higher tufts may have the appearance of shag textures.
pile construction density
Value indicating number of pile tufts per square inch
pile height
The length of the pile tufts above the backing
pile reversal (or pooling)
Pile yarns crushed to lay in opposing directions; area appears as a large stain.
pile sweep
Directional orientation of yarns in pile layers.
plush
One level, cut pile surface texture, pile ranges from 0.625" to 0.750"
random shear
Multilevel, cut and loop pile in which the uppermost portions of some of the higher yarn tufts are sheared
room fit rugs
Loose-laid rugs designed or cut to come within one or two inches of the walls.
room-size rugs
Loose-laid rugs that are designed or cut to come within 12" of each wall.
saxony
One level, cut pile surface texture; pile height ranges from 0.625 to 0.750 inches; yarn twist is stabilized by heat setting.
shag
One level, cut pile surface texture; pile height may be as high as 1.250".
splush
One-level, cut pile surface texture; pile height and pile cosntruction density is between those typically used for plush and shag surfaces