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28 Cards in this Set

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Different zones of adrenal cortex and what they produce
Z. Glomerulosa - Aldo
Z. Fasciculata - Cortisol, sex hormones
Z. Reticularis - Sex hormones
Medulla - catecholamines (NE, epi)
most common tumor of adrenal medulla in adults
pheochromocytoma
most common tumor of adrenal medulla in children
neuroblastoma
hormones secreted from post pit
ADH, oxytocin (both actually made in hypothalamus and shipped to pituitary)
embryo origin of post pit
neuroectoderm
embryo origin of ant pit
oral (surface) ectoderm
hormones secreted from ant pit
My FLAT PiG
MSH
FSH
LH
ACTH
TSH
Prolactin
GH
same common alpha subunit in which hormones
FL_(h)T
FSH
LH
hcG
TSH
cells of pancreas and what they secrete
alpha - glucagon
beta - insulin
delta - somatostatin
embryo origin of islets of Langerhans
pancreatic buds (p247, read it, bro)
Dopamine inhibits ___ secretion
prolactin
(+) on desmolase, (-) on desmolase
(+) - ACTH
(-) - ketoconazole
What stimulates aldosterone synthase?
AGII
dec sex hormones, dec cortisol, inc mineralocorticoids, hypertension, hypokalemia
17-alpha hydroxylase def
dec cortisol, dec mineralocorticoids, inc sex hormones. Masculinzation, female pseudohermaphroditism, hypotension, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia
21beta hydroxylase def
dec cortisol, dec aldosterone and corticosterone, inc sex hormones. masculinzation. hypertension
11-beta hydroxylase def.
source of PTH
chief cells of parathyroid
4 functions of PTH
- inc bone resorption of Ca and PO4
- inc kidney reabsorption of Ca in DCT
- dec kidney reabsorption of PO4
- inc Vit D production by stim. 1-alpha hydroxylase
vit D2 = plants;
vit D3 = sun
FYI - no question here
25OH vit D found ____
1,25 (OH)2 vit D found ____
liver; kidney
3 functions of Vit D
- inc absorption of Ca
- inc absorption of PO4
- inc bone resorption of Ca and PO4
source of calcitonin
parafollicular (C cells) of thyroid
function of calcitonin
opposes PTH; dec bone resorption of calcium
steroid-thyroid hormones
PET CAT:
Progesterone
Estrogen
Testosterone
Cortisol
Aldosterone
Thyroxine, T3
Inc sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) leads to ___
gynecomastia
Dec SHBG leads to ___
hirsutism
T3 functions
4B;
Brain maturation
Bone growth
Beta-adrenergic effects
BMR inc
dec TBG in ___; inc TBG in ___
dec TBG - hepatic failure
inc TBG - pregnancy