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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Right-to-left shunts
Tetralogy of Fallot
Transposition of great vessels
Truncus arteriosus
left-to-right shunts
VSD
ASD
PDA
uncorrected VSD,ASD, or PDA leads to progressive pulm HTN
Eisenmenger's syndrome
4 signs of TF
Pulmonary stenosis
RVH
Overriding aorta
VSD
cause of TF
ant-sup displacement of infundibular septum
cause of TGA
failure of aorticopulmonary septum to spiral
infantile coarctation of aorta is ____
preductal
ass with machine-like murmur
PDA
Down's syndrome is ass. to what congenital cardiac defect?
ASD, VSD
calcification of the ateries, especially radial or ulnar
Monckebergy arteriosclerosis
hyaline thickening of small arteries in essential HTN
arteriolosclerosis
most common location of atherosclerosis
abdominal aorta
angina at rest secondary to coronary artery spasm
Prinzmetal's variant
order of coronary artery occlusion
LAD > RCA > lt circumflex
most specific marker for MI
TnI (rises after 4 hrs, elevated for 7-10days)
EKG changes in MI
ST elevation, path Q waves (transmural)
ST depression (subendocardial)
friction rub heard in ____
fibrinous pericarditis
Dressler's syndrom
autoimmune --> causes fibrinous pericarditis
causes of dilated CM
alcohol
beriberi (wet)
coxsackie B myocarditis, chagas, cocaine
doxorubicin
peripartum CM
hemochromatosis
cause of sudden death in athletes
HOCM (hypertrophic CM)
holosystolic high-pitched "blowing murmur". loudest at apex
MR
crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur following ejection click. radiates to carotids/apex
aortic stenosis
holosystolic murmur
VSD
late systolic murmur with midsystolic click.
mitral valve prolapse
immediate high-pitched "blowing" diastolic murmur
AR
follows opening snap. delayed rumbling late diastolic murmur.
MS
continuous machine-like murmur
PDA
most common 1^ cardiac tumor in adults; what about kids?
atrial myxoma; rhabdomyomas