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9 Cards in this Set

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Chalazion and Hordeolum are _1_ disorder

Usually begin as __2__ __3__ followed by ___4___ of a __5__ on the __6__ margin

__7__ a focal inflammation
lesion caused by ___8__ of the __9__ glands.

__10___ is a __11__ infection of the glands of _12__.
1. Eyelid

2. Diffuse
3. Swelling
4. Localization
5. Nodule
6. Lid

7. Chalazion
8. Obstruction
9. Meibomian

10. Hordeolum
11. Staphacoccyl
12. Zies
Tx of Chalazion and Hordeolum

Treatment includes:
___1__ ____1___ to promtote localization and drainage.
___2__ __2___ drops or ointment help to prevent infection to spread

Treatment for lesions that present for more than one month is: ___3___

___4__ ___4__ should only be used if the lesion becomes secondarily infected. (cellulitis)
1. Warm compresses
2. Topical Antibiotics

3. Referral

4. Systemic Antibiotics
Blepharitis

A __1__ inflammation of the __2_ margin.

Types:
___3___ or __4___

Sx:
_5__ _5__ sensation
___6___ & ___7__
___8___ on lid in A.M.

May predispose to:
C or H
blepharo__9___
loss of __10__

Tx:
__11__ _11___
_12_ lid __13__ w/ baby shampoo (buffer component) and water to reduce inflammation

__14__ __14___ at bedtime for _15__ weeks

Resistant cases are a non-urgent referral

non-bacterial blephartits is not curable, but controllable and exacerbations are common.
1. Chronic
2. Lid
3. Staphylococcyl
4. Seborriec
5. Foriegn Body
6. Burning
7. Itching
8. Crustiness/Matter

C= Chalazion
H= Hordeoleum
9. conjunctivitis
10. lashes

11. Warm compresses
12. GENTLE
13. scrub
14. Antibiotic ointment
15. 2-3
Preseptal Cellulitis
What is it?
It is an infection of the __1_ and _2__ _2__ structures ___3__ to the __4__ __4___

What causes infection?
May be due to:
_5__ infection
__6__
__7__ infection
__8__ infection
1. Eyelids
2. Soft tisse structures
3. ANTERIOR
4. Orbital septum

5. Skin
6. Trauma
7. Upper Respiratory Infectin
8. Sinus Infection
Sx of Preseptal Cellulitis:
Mild to very severe eyelid edema

Mild systemic signs:
fever, perauricular and
submandibular adenopathy
Preseptal Cellulitis: Eval

*CBC
*__1__ _1_ in more __2_ cases
*__3__ of orbits to assess:
__4__ sinuses
__5__ extention into the
orbit
prescence of subperiosteal or orbital __6__
1. Blood cultures
2. Severe
3. CT Scan
4. Paranasal
5. Posterior
6. abscesses
Precellulitis Tx:

*__1__ ___1__

*The __2__ the pt and the more __3__ the disease the more __4__ to initiate _5__
1. Systemic ABX

2. Younger
3. Severe
4. Likely
5. IV ABX
Orbital Cellulitis

What is it?
Is an __1__ process ___2__ to the __3__ ___3__ that affects __4__ contents

ACUTE __5__ _5___!!!!!!!!!!

What causes it?
__6__ infection of the adjacent __7__ __7___, particulary the __8__

_9__ may develop secondary to __10__
1. Infectious
2. POSTERIOR
3. Orbital Septum
4. Orbital

5. MEDICAL EMERGENCY

6. Bacterial
7. Paranasal Sinuses
8. Ethmoids

9. Infants
10. Dacryocystitis
(infection of the naso-
lacrimal system)
Signs and Sx of Orbital
Cellulitis

*__1___ and __2__ of lids

*___3__ __3___ often w/ pain
on eye mvmt

* Abnormal protuburence of
eyeball out of the eye
socket is ___

*__5___ vision

*__6__ __6__ defect

*_7__ __7_ edema

*severity of sx depends on the stage of the infection
1. Redness
2. Swelling

3. Impaired motility

4. Proptosis

5. Decreased

6. Afferent pupillary

7. Optic disc