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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tener que + infinitive
someone has to do something
Hay que + infinitive
one must do something or it is necessary to do something
Cuál or Qué with Ser
Qué to elicit explaination or a definition
Cuál indicates slection or choice of possibilities
Possessive Adjs
Mi/Mis
Tu/Tus
Su/Sus
Nuestro(a)/Nuestros(as)
Vuestro(a)/Vuestros(as)
*Su can mean tú if using it in the usd. form
*Clothes or body parts do not use possessive adjs
Plural Possessive Adjs
Only when the noun is plural
Adónde
From where or to where
Quién/A quién/con quién/de quién
Who/Whom/With who/whose
Cómo
How
Cual/Cuáles
What/which
Cuánto/Cuantos
How much/how many
Qué/de qué/por qué/para qué
What/of what/why (what reason)/why (for what purpose)
Nada
nothing
Nadie
Nobody
Ningún
No/none
Nunca
never
Volver a + infinitive
To do something again

(vuelvo, vuelves, vuelve, volvemos, volvéis, vuelven)
Acabar de + infinitive
To have just done something

(acabo, acabas, acaba, acabamos, acabáis, acaban)
If the comparative is followed by a number
use de rather than que.
Note that when the sentence is negative in comparison
Note that when the sentence is negative
Tengo más de cinco dólares.
(I have more than five dollars.)

but

No tengo más que cinco dólares.
(I only have five dollars.)
When actions (not things) are being compared, and there is an adjective
verb + tan + adjective (masculine form) + como
When actions (not things) are being compared and there is an adj
verb + tanto + como
To form comparisons of equality with nouns
tanto(-a,-os,-as) + noun + como
To form the comparisons of equality using adjectives or adverbs
tan + adjective (adverb) + como
The absolute superlative for adjectives has three possible forms
muy + adjective
sumamente + adjective
adjective + ísimo (-a, -os, -as)
In Spanish, the relative superlative construction is similar to the comparative
definite article + noun + más (menos) + adjective + de
There are six special prepositions that are followed by subject pronouns rather than object pronouns
entre
between excepto
except
incluso
including
menos
except
según
according to
salvo
except
Whenever you want to say "with him, with her, with you (formal), with them, with you-all (formal)" there are two possibilities
If the pronoun is referring to the subject of the sentence, use consigo. If the pronoun does not refer to the subject of the sentence, use con + the appropriate pronoun.
When the pronoun acts as the object of a preposition, a different set of pronouns is used
Note: Only mí and ti are different from the subject pronouns.
When the pronoun replaces the name of the direct object, use the following pronouns
me (me)
te (you-familiar)
lo, la (him, her, it, you-formal)

nos (us)
os (you-all-familiar)
los, las (them, you-all-formal)
When a pronoun takes the place of the name of the indirect object, use the following pronouns
me (me)
te (you-familiar)
le (him, her, you-formal)

nos (us)
os (you-all-familiar)
les (them, you-all-formal)
Whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l"
change the first pronoun to "se."

le lo = se lo
le la = se la
le los = se los
le las = se las
les lo = se lo
les la = se la
les los = se los
les las = se las
Note that when attaching the pronouns to the infinitive
a written accent is also added to the final syllable of the infinitive.
aburrir
to bore
with me like me gusta
fascinar
To be fascinating to
with me like me gusta
bastar
to be sufficient
with me like me gusta
importar
to be important to
with me like me gusta
caer bien (mal)
to (not) suit
with me like me gusta
interesar
to be interesting to
with me like me gusta
dar asco
to be loathsome
with me like me gusta
molestar
to be a bother
with me like me gusta
disgustar
to hate something
with me like me gusta
parecer
to appear to be
with me like me gusta
doler (o:ue)
to be painful
with me like me gusta
picar
to itch
with me like me gusta
encantar
to "love" something
with me like me gusta
quedar
to be left over, remain
with me like me gusta
faltar
to be lacking something
with me like me gusta
volver (u->ue)loco
to be crazy about something
with me like me gusta