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104 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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epidermis
outer layer of skin
p 69
keratin
Horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein. It is contained in the hair, skin, and nails.
p 69
melanin
color, or pigmentation of the skin
p 69
dermis
inner layer of skin, also known as the true skin
p 69
sudoriferous (sweat) glands
Tiny, coiled, tubular structure that emerge through pores on the skin's surface and secrete sweat
p 69
sebaceous glands
Secrete sebum (oil) into the the hair shafts pass through the dermis.
p 69
hair
Compressed, keratinized cells that arise from hair follicles; the sacs that enclose the hair fibers.
p 69
nails
Originate in the epidermis. Nails are found on the upper surface of the ends of the fingers and toes. The white area at the base of the nail is called the lunula, or moon.
p 69
cutane/o
skin

wr
p70
derm/o
skin

wr
p70
dermat/o
skin

wr
p70
hidr/o
sweat

wr
p70
kerat/o
horney tissue, hard

wr
p70
onych/o
nail

wr
p70
ungu/o
nail

wr
p 70
seb/o
sebum (oil)

wr
p 70
trich/o
hair

wr
p70
aut/o
self

wr
p71
bi/o
life

wr
p71
coni/o
dust

wr
p72
crypt/o
hidden

wr
p72
heter/o
other

wr
p72
myc/o
fungus

wr
p72
necr/o
death (cells, body)

wr
p72
pachy/o
thick

wr
p72
rhytid/o
wrinkles

wr
p72
staphyl/o
grapelike clusters

wr
p72
strept/o
twisted chain

wr
p72
xer/o
dry

wr
p72
epi-
on,upon, over

p
p73
intra-
within

p
p73
para-
beside,beyond,around

p
p73
per-
through

p
p73
sub-
under,below

p
p73
-a
noun suffix,no meaning
p74
-coccus (pl. -cocci)
berry-shaped (form of bacterium)

s
p74
-ectomy
excision or surgical removal

s
p74
-ia
diseased or abnormal state, condition of

s
p74
-itis
inflammation

s
p74
-malacia
softening

s
p74
-opsy
view of, viewing

s
p74
-phagia
eating or swallowing

s
p74
-plasty
surgical repair

s
p74
-rrhea
flow, excessive discharge

s
p74
-tome
instrument used to cut

s
p74
abarasion
Scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury.
p 79
abscess
Localized collection of pus.
p79
acne
Inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles.
p79
actinic keratosis
A precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight. It may evolve into a squamous cell carcinoma.
p79
basal cell carcinoma
Epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. It seldom matastasizes but invades local tissue. Common in individulas who have had excessive sun exposure.
p79
candidiasis
An infection of the skin, mouth, or vagina caused by the yeast-type fungus Candida albicans. Candida is normally present in the mucous membranes; overgrowth causes an infection.
p79
carbuncle
Skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria.
p79
cellulitis
Inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and fever
p79
contusion
Injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration, also know as bruise.
p81
eczema
Noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blister, scabs, and itching.
p 81
fissure
Slit or cracklike sore in the skin.
p81
furuncle
Painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bacteria in a hair follicle, also called a boil.
p81
gangrene
Death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion.
p81
herpes
Inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisterin clusters. Many different types.
p81
impetigo
Superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or streptococci.
p81
Kaposi sarcoma
A cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules on the lower extremities that spreads through the skin to the lymph nodes and internal organs. Frequently seen with AIDS.
p81
Laceration
Torn, ragged-edged wound.
p81
lesion
Any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease. It is a broad term that includes sores, wounds ulcers, and tumors.
P81
pediculosis
Invasion into the skin and hair by lice.
p81
psoriasis
Chronic skin condition producing red lasions covered with silvery scales.
p81
scabies
Skin infection caused by the itch mite, characterized by papule eruptions that are caused by the female burrowing in the outer layer of the skin and laying eggs. This condintion is accompanied by severe itching.
p81
scleroderma
A disease characterized by chronic hardening (induration)of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs.
p81
shingles
Development of painful, inflamed blasters that follow the nerve routes. Caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox, also called herpes zoster.
p81
squamous cell carcinoma
A maglignant growth that develops from scalelike epithelial tissue. On the skin it appears as a firm, red, painless bump. The mose frequent cause is chronic exposure to sunlight.
p82
systemic lupus erythematosus
A chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system. This autoimmune disease is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbations. It may also be affect other organs.
p82
tinea
Fungus infection of the skin, also called ringworm.
p82
urticaria
An itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape. It is uaually related to an allergy, also called hives.
p82
adipos
fat, fatty
p92
albino
An individual with pigment deficiency in the eyes, hair, and skin. A hereditary disorder.
p92
allergy
hypersensitivity to a substance
p92
alopecia
loss of hair
p 93
cicatrix
scar
p93
cyst
A closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material.
p93
cytomegalovirs
A herpes-type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised.
p93
debridement
Removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound.
p93
dermabrasion
Procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive materila, such as sandpaper.
p93
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
p93
ecchymosis
Escape of blood into the tissues, causing superficial discoloration;a "black and blue" mark.
p93
edema
Puffy swelling of tissure from the accumulation of fluid.
p93
emollient
agent that softens or soothes the skin
p93
erythema
redness
p93
induration
abnormal hard spot(s)
p93
jaundice
Condition characterized by a yellow tinge to the skin (xanthoderma)
p93
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue
p93
leukoplakia
Condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous.
p93
macule
flat, colored spot on the skin
p95
nevus
Circumscribed malformation of the skin, usually brown, black, or flesh colored. A congenital nerus is present at birth and is referred to as a birthmark.
p95
nodule
A small knotlike mass that can be felt by touch.
p95
pallor
paleness
p95
papule
small, solid skin elevation

pimple
p95
petechia
pinpoint skin hemorrhages
p95
pruritus
sever itching
p95
prupura
Disorder characterized by hemorrhages into the tissue, giving the skin a purple-red discoloration.
p95
pustule
Elevation of skin containing pus
p95
ulcer
Eroded sore on the skin or mucous membrane.
p95
verruca
Circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus, also called wart.
p95
vesicle
Small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid, also called blister.
p95
virus
an infectious agent
p95
wheal
Transitory, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a surrounding area; a wheal is an individual urticaria (hive) lesion.
p95